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Stabilization of cell wall proteins in Bacillus subtilis: a proteomic approach.

Antelmann H., Yamamoto H., Sekiguchi J., Hecker M.

Even though cell wall proteins of Bacillus subtilis are characterized by specific cell wall retention signals, some of these are also components of the extracellular proteome. In contrast to the majority of extracellular proteins, wall binding proteins disappeared from the extracellular proteome during the stationary phase and are subjected to proteolysis. Thus, the extracellular proteome of the multiple protease-deficient strain WB700 was analyzed which showed an increased stability of secreted WapA processing products during the stationary phase. In addition, stabilization of the WapA processing products was observed also in a sigD mutant strain which is impaired in motility and cell wall turnover. Next, we analyzed if proteins that can be extracted from B. subtilis cell walls are stabilized in the WB700 strain as well as in the sigD mutant. Thus, the cell wall proteome of B. subtilis wild type was defined showing most abundantly cell wall binding proteins (CWBPs) resulting from the WapA and WprA precursor processing. The inactivation of extracellular proteases as well as SigmaD caused an increase of CWBP105 and a decrease of CWBP62 in the cell wall proteome. We conclude that WapA processing products are substrates for the extracellular proteases which are stabilized in the absence of sigD due to an impaired cell wall turnover.

Proteomics 2:591-602(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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