Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

The herpes simplex virus type 1 U(S)11 protein interacts with protein kinase R in infected cells and requires a 30-amino-acid sequence adjacent to a kinase substrate domain.

Cassady K.A., Gross M.

The herpes simplex virus type 1 gamma(1)34.5 gene product precludes the host-mediated protein shutoff response induced by activated protein kinase R (PKR). Earlier studies demonstrated that recombinant viruses lacking the gamma(1)34.5 gene (Deltagamma(1)34.5) developed secondary mutations that allowed earlier U(S)11 expression and enabled continued protein synthesis. Further, in vitro studies demonstrated that a recombinant expressed U(S)11 protein binds PKR, blocks the phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2alpha) by activated PKR, and, if provided prior to PKR activation, precluded PKR autophosphorylation. The present study furthers the hypothesis that early U(S)11 production precludes PKR-mediated host protein shutoff by demonstrating that (i) U(S)11 and PKR interact in the context of viral infection, (ii) this interaction is RNA dependent and requires a 30-amino-acid domain (amino acids 91 to 121) in the carboxyl domain of the U(S)11 protein, (iii) the proteins biochemically colocalize in the S100 ribosomal fraction, and (iv) there is a PKR substrate domain immediately adjacent to the binding domain. The results suggest that the U(S)11 interaction with PKR at the ribosome is RNA dependent and that the U(S)11 protein contains a substrate domain with homology to eIF-2alpha in close proximity to an essential binding domain.

J. Virol. 76:2029-2035(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again