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Effect of placenta growth factor-1 on proliferation and release of nitric oxide, cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP in human epithelial cells expressing the FLT-1 receptor.

Angelucci C., Lama G., Iacopino F., Maglione D., Sica G.

We investigated the effect of placenta growth factor-1 (P1GF-1) on cell growth and on the release of nitric oxide (NO), cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP (cGMP) in human malignant epithelial cells. A noteworthy increase in proliferation was induced in choriocarcinoma cells (BeWo) by P1GF-1 treatment, while breast cancer cells (CG-5) were minimally affected. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry demonstrated the expression of the P1GF-1 receptor fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (Flt-1) in these models. NO was released in the BeWo culture medium as a result of P1GF-1 treatment, with maximal induction occurring after 6 h. Enhanced cAMP levels were observed after 80 min-6 h, while the amounts of cGMP produced were undetectable. In summary, PIGF-1 stimulates the proliferation of cell types that express Flt-1, other than endothelial cells. In BeWo cells, this effect is preceded by the induction of NO and cAMP as probable downstream effectors of Flt-1 activation.

Growth Factors 19:193-206(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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