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An inherited p53 mutation that contributes in a tissue-specific manner to pediatric adrenal cortical carcinoma.

Ribeiro R.C., Sandrini F., Figueiredo B., Zambetti G.P., Michalkiewicz E., Lafferty A.R., DeLacerda L., Rabin M., Cadwell C., Sampaio G., Cat I., Stratakis C.A., Sandrini R.

The incidence of pediatric adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC) in southern Brazil is 10-15 times higher than that of pediatric ACC worldwide. Because childhood ACC is associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, we examined the cancer history and p53 status of 36 Brazilian patients and their families. Remarkably, 35 of 36 patients had an identical germ-line point mutation of p53 encoding an R337H amino acid substitution. Differences within intragenic polymorphic markers demonstrated that at least some mutant alleles arose independently, thus eliminating a founder effect. In tumor cells, the wild-type allele was deleted, and mutant p53 protein accumulated within the nuclei. Although these features are consistent with Li-Fraumeni syndrome-associated adrenal tumors, there was no history of increased cancer incidence among family members. Therefore, this inherited R337H p53 mutation represents a low-penetrance p53 allele that contributes in a tissue-specific manner to the development of pediatric ACC.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98:9330-9335(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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