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Physical and functional interactions between the corepressor CtBP and the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen EBNA3C.

Touitou R., Hickabottom M., Parker G., Crook T., Allday M.J.

CtBP has been shown to be a highly conserved corepressor of transcription. E1A and all the various transcription factors to which CtBP binds contain a conserved PLDLS CtBP-interacting domain, and EBNA3C includes a PLDLS motif (amino acids [aa] 728 to 732). Here we show that EBNA3C binds to CtBP both in vitro and in vivo and that the interaction requires an intact PLDLS. The C terminus of EBNA3C (aa 580 to 992) has modest trans-repressor activity when it is fused to the DNA-binding domain of Gal4, and deletion or mutation of the PLDLS sequence ablates this and unmasks a transactivation function within the fragment. However, loss of the CtBP interaction motif had little effect on the ability of full-length EBNA3C to repress transcription. A striking correlation between CtBP binding and the capacity of EBNA3C to cooperate with (Ha-)Ras in the immortalization and transformation of primary rat embryo fibroblasts was also revealed.

J. Virol. 75:7749-7755(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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