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Mouse hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) and type 2 (HAI-2)/placental bikunin genes and their promoters.

Itoh H., Kataoka H., Meng J.Y., Hamasuna R., Kitamura N., Koono M.

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) and type 2 (HAI-2) were recently discovered as specific inhibitors of HGF activator. Each of them contains two Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor domains and a transmembrane domain, so that their overall structures are similar to each other. In this study, mouse genes encoding HAI-1 and HAI-2 were cloned by screening of a mouse genomic bacterial artificial chromosome library and by polymerase chain reaction of mouse genomic DNA, respectively. The genes (mHAI-1 and mHAI-2) were defined to consist of 11 and eight exons spanning 11 kbp and 9.5 kbp, respectively. Neither a TATA nor CAAT box was found in 5'-flanking regions of both genes and no apparent homologous portion was observed between mHAI-1 and mHAI-2 promoter regions. Promoter assay of mHAI-1 and human HAI-1 revealed that the potential binding sites of a complex of Egr-1-3 and Sp1, which was well-conserved between human (-42 to -58) and mouse (-44 to -57), might be a key portion of its transcriptional regulation to function as not only house-keeping but also early responsive genes.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1519:92-95(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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