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Friend of GATA 2 physically interacts with chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-TF2 (COUP-TF2) and COUP-TF3 and represses COUP-TF2-dependent activation of the atrial natriuretic factor promoter.

Huggins G.S., Bacani C.J., Boltax J., Aikawa R., Leiden J.M.

Friend of GATA (FOG)-2 is a multi-zinc finger transcriptional corepressor protein that binds specifically to GATA4. Gene targeting studies have demonstrated that FOG-2 is required for normal cardiac morphogenesis, including the development of the coronary vasculature, left ventricular compact zone, and heart valves. To better understand the molecular mechanisms by which FOG-2 regulates these cardiac developmental programs, we screened a mouse day 11 embryo library using a yeast two-hybrid interaction trap with the fifth and sixth zinc fingers of FOG-2 as bait. Using this approach, we isolated clones encoding the orphan nuclear receptors chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor (COUP-TF) 2 and COUP-TF3. COUP-TF2-null embryos die during embryonic development with defective angiogenesis and cardiac defects, a pattern that partly resembles the FOG-2-null phenotype. The interaction between COUP-TF2 and FOG-2 in mammalian cells was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation of these proteins from transfected COS-7 cells. The sites of binding interaction between COUP-TF2 and FOG-2 were mapped to zinc fingers 5 and 6 and fingers 7 and 8 of FOG-2 and to the carboxyl terminus of the COUP-TF proteins. Binding to COUP-TF2 was specific because FOG-2 did not interact with the ligand-binding domains of retinoid X receptor alpha, glucocorticoid receptor, and peroxisome proliferating antigen receptor gamma, which are related to the COUP-TF proteins. Full-length FOG-2 markedly enhanced transcriptional repression by GAL4-COUP-TF2(117-414), but not by a COUP-TF2 repression domain mutant. Moreover, FOG-2 repressed COUP-TF2dependent synergistic activation of the atrial natriuretic factor promoter by both GATA4 and the FOG-2-independent mutant GATA4-E215K. Taken together, these findings suggest that FOG-2 functions as a corepressor for both GATA and COUP-TF proteins.

J. Biol. Chem. 276:28029-28036(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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