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Modeling the cAMP-induced allosteric transition using the crystal structure of CAP-cAMP at 2.1 A resolution.

Passner J.M., Schultz S.C., Steitz T.A.

After an allosteric transition produced by the binding of cyclic AMP (cAMP), the Escherichia coli catabolite gene activator protein (CAP) binds DNA specifically and activates transcription. The three-dimensional crystal structure of the CAP-cAMP complex has been refined at 2.1 A resolution, thus enabling a better evaluation of the structural basis for CAP phenotypes, the interactions of cAMP with CAP and the roles played by water structure. A review of mutational analysis of CAP together with the additional structural information presented here suggests a possible mechanism for the cAMP-induced allostery required for DNA binding and transcriptional activation. We hypothesize that cAMP binding may reorient the coiled-coil C-helices, which provide most of the dimer interface, thereby altering the relative positions of the DNA-binding domains of the CAP dimer. Additionally, cAMP binding may cause a further rearrangement of the DNA-binding and cAMP-binding domains of CAP via a flap consisting of beta-strands 4 and 5 which lies over the cAMP.

J. Mol. Biol. 304:847-859(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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