Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Cloning and characterization of PHIP, a novel insulin receptor substrate-1 pleckstrin homology domain interacting protein.

Farhang-Fallah J., Yin X., Trentin G., Cheng A.M., Rozakis-Adcock M.

Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) protein is a major substrate of the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase and is essential for transducing many of the biological effects of insulin including mitogenesis, gene expression, and glucose transport. The N terminus of IRS-1 contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain that is critical for recognition and subsequent phosphorylation of IRS-1 by the activated insulin receptor. Here we report the isolation of a novel protein, PHIP (PH-interacting protein), which selectively binds to the PH domain of IRS-1 in vitro and stably associates with IRS-1 in vivo. Importantly, mutants of the IRS-1 PH domain that disrupt the PH fold fail to bind to PHIP. Anti-phosphotyrosine immunoblots of PHIP revealed no discernible insulin receptor-regulated phosphorylation, suggesting that PHIP is not itself a substrate of the insulin receptor. In contrast to full-length PHIP, overexpression of the PH-binding region of PHIP has a pronounced inhibitory effect on insulin-induced IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation levels. Furthermore, expression of this dominant-negative PHIP mutant leads to a marked attenuation of insulin-stimulated mitogen-activated protein kinase activity. We conclude that PHIP represents a novel protein ligand of the IRS-1 PH domain that may serve to link IRS-1 to the insulin receptor.

J. Biol. Chem. 275:40492-40497(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health