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Platelet-derived growth factor A modulates limb chondrogenesis both in vivo and in vitro.

Ataliotis P.

Cartilage formation in the chick limb follows rapid proliferation, condensation and differentiation of limb mesenchyme. The control of these early events is poorly understood. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFR-alpha) is present throughout the mesenchyme of early chick limb buds, while its ligand, PDGF-A, is expressed in the surrounding epithelium. PDGFR-alpha is down-regulated in areas that will not give rise to cartilage and is then lost from cartilage forming areas after they begin to differentiate. PDGF-A increases chondrogenesis in micromass cultures of stage-20-24 limb buds, but not stage 25, where it inhibits chondrogenesis. Ectopic PDGF-A in the chick wing can lead to either a localized increase in cartilage formation, or an inhibition. Inhibition of PDGF signalling in the chick limb results in the loss of cartilage. These data demonstrate that PDGF-A functions to promote chondrogenesis at early stages of limb development and suggest that it inhibits chondrogenesis at later stages.

Mech. Dev. 94:13-24(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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