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Identification of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) as a phosphorylation target by Pim-1 kinase and the effect of phosphorylation on the transcriptional repression function of HP1.

Koike N., Maita H., Taira T., Ariga H., Iguchi-Ariga S.M.M.

Pim-1, a protooncogene product, is a serine/threonine kinase and is thought to play a role in signal transduction in blood cells. Few phosphorylated target proteins for Pim-1, however, have been identified. In the present study, two-hybrid screening to clone cDNAs encoding proteins binding to Pim-1 was carried out, and a cDNA for heterochromatin protein 1gamma (HP1gamma) was obtained. Binding assays both in yeast and in vitro pull-down using the purified HP1gamma and Pim-1 expressed in Escherichia coli showed that Pim-1 directly bound to the chromo shadow domain of HP1gamma. HP1gamma was also associated with Pim-1 in human HeLa cells and the serine clusters located at the center of HP1gamma were phosphorylated by Pim-1 in vitro. Furthermore, a transcription repression activity of HP1gamma was further stimulated by the deletion of the serine clusters targeted by Pim-1. These results suggest that Pim-1 affects the structure or silencing of chromatin by phosphorylating HP1.

FEBS Lett. 467:17-21(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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