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Cloning, expression, and functional characterization of the beta regulatory subunit of human methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT II).

LeGros H.L., Halim A.-B., Geller A.M., Kotb M.

MAT II, the extrahepatic form of methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT), consists of catalytic alpha(2)/alpha(2') subunits and a noncatalytic beta subunit, believed to have a regulatory function. The full-length cDNA that encodes the beta subunit of human MAT II was cloned and found to encode for a 334-amino acid protein with a calculated molecular weight of 37,552. Analysis of sequence homology showed similarity with bacterial enzymes that catalyze the reduction of TDP-linked sugars. The beta subunit cDNA was cloned into the pQE-30 expression vector, and the recombinant His tagged protein, which was expressed in Escherichia coli, was recognized by antibodies to the human MAT II, to synthetic peptides copying the sequence of native beta subunit protein, and to the rbeta protein. There is no cross-reactivity between the MAT II alpha(2) or beta subunits. None of the anti-beta subunit antibodies reacted with protein extracts of E. coli host cells, suggesting that these bacteria have no beta subunit protein. Interestingly, the rbeta subunit associated with E. coli as well as human MAT alpha subunits. This association changed the kinetic properties of both enzymes and lowered the K(m) of MAT for L-methionine. Together, the data show that we have cloned and expressed the human MAT II beta subunit and confirmed its long suspected regulatory function. This knowledge affords a molecular means by which MAT activity and consequently the levels of AdoMet may be modulated in mammalian cells.

J. Biol. Chem. 275:2359-2366(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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