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The mitochondrial TIM22 preprotein translocase is highly conserved throughout the eukaryotic kingdom.

Bauer M.F., Rothbauer U., Muehlenbein N., Smith R.J.H., Gerbitz K.-D., Neupert W., Brunner M., Hofmann S.

The Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS), a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by progressive sensorineural hearing loss, dystonia, mental retardation and blindness, is a mitochondrial disease caused by mutations in the deafness/dystonia peptide 1 (DDP1) gene. DDP1 shows similarity to the yeast proteins Tim9, Tim10 and Tim12, components of the mitochondrial import machinery for carrier proteins. Here, we show that DDP1 belongs to a large family of evolutionarily conserved proteins. We report the identification, chromosomal localization and expressional analysis of six human family members which represent further candidate genes for neurodegenerative diseases.

FEBS Lett. 464:41-47(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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