Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Twelve species of the nucleoid-associated protein from Escherichia coli. Sequence recognition specificity and DNA binding affinity.

Azam T.A., Ishihama A.

The genome of Escherichia coli is composed of a single molecule of circular DNA with the length of about 47,000 kilobase pairs, which is associated with about 10 major DNA-binding proteins, altogether forming the nucleoid. We expressed and purified 12 species of the DNA-binding protein, i.e. CbpA (curved DNA-binding protein A), CbpB or Rob (curved DNA-binding protein B or right arm of the replication origin binding protein), DnaA (DNA-binding protein A), Dps (DNA-binding protein from starved cells), Fis (factor for inversion stimulation), Hfq (host factor for phage Q(beta)), H-NS (histone-like nucleoid structuring protein), HU (heat-unstable nucleoid protein), IciA (inhibitor of chromosome initiation A), IHF (integration host factor), Lrp (leucine-responsive regulatory protein), and StpA (suppressor of td(-) phenotype A). The sequence specificity of DNA binding was determined for all the purified nucleoid proteins using gel-mobility shift assays. Five proteins (CbpB, DnaA, Fis, IHF, and Lrp) were found to bind to specific DNA sequences, while the remaining seven proteins (CbpA, Dps, Hfq, H-NS, HU, IciA, and StpA) showed apparently sequence-nonspecific DNA binding activities. Four proteins, CbpA, Hfq, H-NS, and IciA, showed the binding preference for the curved DNA. From the apparent dissociation constant (K(d)) determined using the sequence-specific or nonspecific DNA probes, the order of DNA binding affinity were determined to be: HU > IHF > Lrp > CbpB(Rob) > Fis > H-NS > StpA > CbpA > IciA > Hfq/Dps, ranging from 25 nM (HU binding to the non-curved DNA) to 250 nM (Hfq binding to the non-curved DNA), under the assay conditions employed.

J. Biol. Chem. 274:33105-33113(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again