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The luteinizing hormone receptor activates phospholipase C via preferential coupling to Gi2.

Kuhn B., Gudermann T.

Binding of lutropin/choriogonadotropin (LH/CG) to its cognate receptor results in the activation of adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C. This divergent signaling of the LH receptor is based on the independent activation of distinct G protein subfamilies, i.e. , Gs, Gi, and potentially also Gq. To examine the selectivity of LH receptor coupling to phospholipase C beta-activating G proteins, we used an in vivo reconstitution system based on the coexpression of the LH receptor and different G proteins in baculovirus-infected insect cells. In this paper, we describe a refined expression strategy for the LH receptor in insect cells. The receptor protein was inserted into the cell membrane at an expression level of 0.8 pmol/mg of membrane protein. Sf9 cells expressing the LH receptor responded to hCG challenge with a concentration-dependent accumulation of intracellular cAMP (EC50 = 630 nM) but not of inositol phosphates, whereas stimulation of the histamine H1 receptor in Sf9 cells led to increased phospholipase C (PLC) activity. Immunoblotting experiments using G protein-specific antisera revealed the absence of quantitative amounts of alpha i in Sf9 cells, whereas alpha s and alpha q/11 were detected. We therefore attempted to restore the hCG-dependent PLC activation by infection of Sf9 cells with viruses encoding the LH receptor and different G protein alpha subunits. HCG stimulation of cells coexpressing the LH receptor and exogenous alpha i2 resulted in stimulation of PLC activity. In cells coinfected with an alpha i3-baculovirus, hCG challenge led to a minor activation of PLC, whereas no hCG-dependent PLC stimulation was observed in cells coexpressing alpha i1. Most notably, coinfection with baculoviruses encoding alpha q or alpha 11 did not reproduce the PLC activation by the LH receptor. Thus, the murine LH receptor activates adenylyl cyclase via Gs and PLC via selective coupling to Gi2.

Biochemistry 38:12490-12498(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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