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RGS1 is expressed in monocytes and acts as a GTPase-activating protein for G-protein-coupled chemoattractant receptors.

Denecke B., Meyerdierks A., Boettger E.C.

The leukocyte response to chemoattractants is transduced by the interaction of transmembrane receptors with GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G-proteins). RGS1 is a member of a protein family constituting a newly appreciated and large group of proteins that act as deactivators of G-protein signaling pathways by accelerating the GTPase activity of G-protein alpha subunits. We demonstrate here that RGS1 is expressed in human monocytes; by immunofluorescence and subcellular fractionation RGS1 was localized to the plasma membrane. By using a mixture of RGS1 and plasma membranes, we were able to demonstrate GAP activity of RGS1 on receptor-activated G-proteins; RGS1 did not affect ligand-stimulated GDP-GTP exchange. We found that RGS1 desensitizes a variety of chemotactic receptors including receptors for N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, leukotriene B4, and C5a. Interaction of RGS proteins and ligand-induced G-protein signaling can be demonstrated by determining GTPase activity using purified RGS proteins and plasma membranes.

J. Biol. Chem. 274:26860-26868(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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