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A mitochondrial cytochrome b mutation but no mutations of nuclearly encoded subunits in ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase (complex III) deficiency.

Valnot I., Kassis J., Chretien D., de Lonlay P., Parfait B., Munnich A., Kachaner J., Rustin P., Roetig A.

Ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase (complex III) deficiency represents a clinically heterogeneous group of mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders that can theoretically be subject to either a nuclear or a mitochondrial mode of inheritance. In an attempt to elucidate the molecular bases of the disease, we first determined the nucleotide sequence of three unknown subunits (9.5 kDa, 7.2 kDa, 6.4 kDa) by cyberscreening of human expressed sequence tag data bases and sequenced the 11 cDNA subunits encoding complex III in five patients with isolated complex III deficiency. No mutation in the nuclearly encoded complex III subunits was observed, but a mutation in the cd2 helix of the mitochondrial (mt) cytochrome b gene was found to alter the conformation of the bc1 complex in one patient with severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The present study is highly relevant to genetic counseling as the absence of mtDNA mutations in all but one patient in our series strongly supports autosomal rather than maternal inheritance in the majority of patients with complex III deficiency.

Hum. Genet. 104:460-466(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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