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TWIK-2, a new weak inward rectifying member of the tandem pore domain potassium channel family.

Chavez R.A., Gray A.T., Zhao B.B., Kindler C.H., Mazurek M.J., Mehta Y., Forsayeth J.R., Yost C.S.

Potassium channels are found in all mammalian cell types, and they perform many distinct functions in both excitable and non-excitable cells. These functions are subserved by several different families of potassium channels distinguishable by primary sequence features as well as by physiological characteristics. Of these families, the tandem pore domain potassium channels are a new and distinct class, primarily distinguished by the presence of two pore-forming domains within a single polypeptide chain. We have cloned a new member of this family, TWIK-2, from a human brain cDNA library. Primary sequence analysis of TWIK-2 shows that it is most closely related to TWIK-1, especially in the pore-forming domains. Northern blot analysis reveals the expression of TWIK-2 in all human tissues assayed except skeletal muscle. Human TWIK-2 expressed heterologously in Xenopus oocytes is a non-inactivating weak inward rectifier with channel properties similar to TWIK-1. Pharmacologically, TWIK-2 channels are distinct from TWIK-1 channels in their response to quinidine, quinine, and barium. TWIK-2 is inhibited by intracellular, but not extracellular, acidification. This new clone reveals the existence of a subfamily in the tandem pore domain potassium channel family with weak inward rectification properties.

J. Biol. Chem. 274:7887-7892(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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