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Protein

Lactoylglutathione lyase

Gene

GLO1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

(R)-S-lactoylglutathione = glutathione + methylglyoxal.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

Zn2+UniRule annotation

Pathwayi: methylglyoxal degradation

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Lactoylglutathione lyase (HEL-S-74), Lactoylglutathione lyase (GLO1), Lactoylglutathione lyase (GLO1)
  2. Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase, mitochondrial (HAGH)
This subpathway is part of the pathway methylglyoxal degradation, which is itself part of Secondary metabolite metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal, the pathway methylglyoxal degradation and in Secondary metabolite metabolism.

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyaseUniRule annotation
LigandMetal-bindingUniRule annotation, ZincUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00619; UER00675.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lactoylglutathione lyaseUniRule annotation (EC:4.4.1.5UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Glyoxalase IUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:GLO1Imported
ORF Names:hCG_32350Imported
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000124767.6.

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiX5DNM4.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000124767.

Structurei

3D structure databases

SMRiX5DNM4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini33 – 174GlyoxalaseInterPro annotationAdd BLAST142

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IU7X. Eukaryota.
ENOG4111FDV. LUCA.
KOiK01759.
OMAiNWGTESY.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0GMY.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.10.180.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029068. Glyas_Bleomycin-R_OHBP_Dase.
IPR004360. Glyas_Fos-R_dOase_dom.
IPR004361. Glyoxalase_1.
IPR018146. Glyoxalase_1_CS.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00903. Glyoxalase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF54593. SSF54593. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00068. glyox_I. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00934. GLYOXALASE_I_1. 1 hit.
PS00935. GLYOXALASE_I_2. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Fragment.

X5DNM4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MAEPQPPSGG LTDEAALSCC SDADPSTKDF LLQQTMLRVK DPKKSLDFYT
60 70 80 90 100
RVLGMTLIQK CDFPIMKFSL YFLAYEDKND IPKEKDEKIA WALSRKATLE
110 120 130 140 150
LTHNWGTEDD ETQSYHNGNS DPRGFGHIGI AVPDVYSACK RFEELGVKFV
160 170 180
KKPDDGKMKG LAFIQDPDGY WIEILNPNKM ATLM
Length:184
Mass (Da):20,778
Last modified:June 11, 2014 - v1
Checksum:i46291B7878070028
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Non-terminal residuei184Imported1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
KJ534846 mRNA. Translation: AHW56486.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03964.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03965.1.
RefSeqiNP_006699.2. NM_006708.2.
UniGeneiHs.268849.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi2739.
KEGGihsa:2739.
UCSCiuc003ooc.4. human.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiX5DNM4_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: X5DNM4
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: June 11, 2014
Last sequence update: June 11, 2014
Last modified: November 22, 2017
This is version 38 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.