Q9Z2N8 (ACL6A_MOUSE) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Last modified April 16, 2014. Version 119. History...
Names and origin
|Protein names||Recommended name:|
Actin-like protein 6A
53 kDa BRG1-associated factor A
Actin-related protein Baf53a
BRG1-associated factor 53A
|Organism||Mus musculus (Mouse) [Reference proteome]|
|Taxonomic identifier||10090 [NCBI]|
|Taxonomic lineage||Eukaryota › Metazoa › Chordata › Craniata › Vertebrata › Euteleostomi › Mammalia › Eutheria › Euarchontoglires › Glires › Rodentia › Sciurognathi › Muroidea › Muridae › Murinae › Mus › Mus|
|Sequence length||429 AA.|
|Sequence processing||The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.|
|Protein existence||Evidence at protein level|
General annotation (Comments)
Involved in transcriptional activation and repression of select genes by chromatin remodeling (alteration of DNA-nucleosome topology). Required for maximal ATPase activity of SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A and for association of the SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A containing remodeling complex BAF with chromatin/nuclear matrix. Component of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex which is involved in transcriptional activation of select genes principally by acetylation of nucleosomal histones H4 and H2A. This modification may both alter nucleosome - DNA interactions and promote interaction of the modified histones with other proteins which positively regulate transcription. This complex may be required for the activation of transcriptional programs associated with oncogene and proto-oncogene mediated growth induction, tumor suppressor mediated growth arrest and replicative senescence, apoptosis, and DNA repair. NuA4 may also play a direct role in DNA repair when recruited to sites of DNA damage. Also involved in vitamin D-coupled transcription regulation via its association with the WINAC complex, a chromatin-remodeling complex recruited by vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is required for the ligand-bound VDR-mediated transrepression of the CYP27B1 gene By similarity. Belongs to the neural progenitors-specific chromatin remodeling complex (npBAF complex) and is required for the proliferation of neural progenitors. During neural development a switch from a stem/progenitor to a post-mitotic chromatin remodeling mechanism occurs as neurons exit the cell cycle and become committed to their adult state. The transition from proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells to post-mitotic neurons requires a switch in subunit composition of the npBAF and nBAF complexes. As neural progenitors exit mitosis and differentiate into neurons, npBAF complexes which contain ACTL6A/BAF53A and PHF10/BAF45A, are exchanged for homologous alternative ACTL6B/BAF53B and DPF1/BAF45B or DPF3/BAF45C subunits in neuron-specific complexes (nBAF). The npBAF complex is essential for the self-renewal/proliferative capacity of the multipotent neural stem cells. The nBAF complex along with CREST plays a role regulating the activity of genes essential for dendrite growth. Proposed core component of the chromatin remodeling INO80 complex which is involved in transcriptional regulation, DNA replication and probably DNA repair By similarity. Ref.4
Component of numerous complexes with chromatin remodeling and histone acetyltransferase activity. Component of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex which contains the catalytic subunit KAT5/TIP60 and the subunits EP400, TRRAP/PAF400, BRD8/SMAP, EPC1, DMAP1/DNMAP1, RUVBL1/TIP49, RUVBL2, ING3, actin, ACTL6A/BAF53A, MORF4L1/MRG15, MORF4L2/MRGX, MRGBP, YEATS4/GAS41, VPS72/YL1 and MEAF6. The NuA4 complex interacts with MYC. Component of a NuA4-related complex which contains EP400, TRRAP/PAF400, SRCAP, BRD8/SMAP, EPC1, DMAP1/DNMAP1, RUVBL1/TIP49, RUVBL2, actin, ACTL6A/BAF53A, VPS72 and YEATS4/GAS41. Component of the BAF complex, which includes at least actin (ACTB), ARID1A, ARID1B/BAF250, SMARCA2, SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, ACTL6A/BAF53, ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, SMARCB1/SNF5/INI1, and one or more of SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, or SMARCD3/BAF60C. In muscle cells, the BAF complex also contains DPF3. Component of the BAF53 complex, at least composed of ACTL6A/BAF53A, RUVBL1/TIP49, SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B, and TRRAP/PAF400, and which may also include a HAT activity related to, but distinct from, that of KAT5. ACTL6A interacts with SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A. Component of the chromatin-remodeling INO80 complex; specifically part of a complex module associated with the DBINO domain of INO80. Component of the WINAC complex, at least composed of SMARCA2, SMARCA4, SMARCB1, SMARCC1, SMARCC2, SMARCD1, SMARCE1, ACTL6A, BAZ1B/WSTF, ARID1A, SUPT16H, CHAF1A and TOP2B By similarity. Component of neural progenitors-specific chromatin remodeling complex (npBAF complex) composed of at least, ARID1A/BAF250A or ARID1B/BAF250B, SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD3/BAF60C, SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B, SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC2/BAF170, PHF10/BAF45A, ACTL6A/BAF53A and actin. Interacts with PHF10/BAF45A. Ref.4
Nucleus By similarity.
Widely expressed. Expressed selectively in neural stem and progenitor cells (at protein level). Ref.4
Expressed predominantly in E10.5-E11.5 neural cells. In the developing spinal cord (E10.5-E16.5), is specifically expressed in proliferating neural progenitors of the ventricular zone. In the developing forebrain and cerebellar primordium, expression is restricted to proliferating neuroepithelial progenitors and cerebellar granule precursors. Ref.4
Belongs to the actin family.
Sequence annotation (Features)
|Feature key||Position(s)||Length||Description||Graphical view||Feature identifier|
|Initiator methionine||1||1||Removed By similarity|
|Chain||2 – 429||428||Actin-like protein 6A||PRO_0000089134|
Amino acid modifications
|Modified residue||2||1||N-acetylserine By similarity|
|Modified residue||233||1||Phosphoserine By similarity|
|Sequence conflict||38||1||P → H in BAC41116. Ref.2|
|Sequence conflict||153||1||K → Q in BAC41116. Ref.2|
|Sequence conflict||322||1||M → I in AAC94992. Ref.1|
|||"Rapid and phosphoinositol-dependent binding of the SWI/SNF-like BAF complex to chromatin after T lymphocyte receptor signaling."|
Zhao K., Wang W., Rando O.J., Xue Y., Swiderek K., Kuo A., Crabtree G.R.
Cell 95:625-636(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
|||"The transcriptional landscape of the mammalian genome."|
Carninci P., Kasukawa T., Katayama S., Gough J., Frith M.C., Maeda N., Oyama R., Ravasi T., Lenhard B., Wells C., Kodzius R., Shimokawa K., Bajic V.B., Brenner S.E., Batalov S., Forrest A.R., Zavolan M., Davis M.J. Hayashizaki Y.
Science 309:1559-1563(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
Tissue: Embryonic brain.
|||"The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."|
The MGC Project Team
Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
Tissue: Mammary gland.
|||"An essential switch in subunit composition of a chromatin remodeling complex during neural development."|
Lessard J., Wu J.I., Ranish J.A., Wan M., Winslow M.M., Staahl B.T., Wu H., Aebersold R., Graef I.A., Crabtree G.R.
Neuron 55:201-215(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: FUNCTION, FUNCTION OF THE NBAF AND NPBAF COMPLEXES, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY, IDENTIFICATION IN THE NPBAF COMPLEX, INTERACTION WITH PHF10, TISSUE SPECIFICITY, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
|+||Additional computationally mapped references.|
|AF041476 mRNA. Translation: AAC94992.1.|
AK090154 mRNA. Translation: BAC41116.1.
BC001994 mRNA. Translation: AAH01994.1.
|RefSeq||NP_062647.2. NM_019673.2. |
3D structure databases
|SMR||Q9Z2N8. Positions 8-428. |
Protein-protein interaction databases
|BioGrid||207995. 9 interactions.|
|IntAct||Q9Z2N8. 9 interactions.|
2D gel databases
Protocols and materials databases
Genome annotation databases
|Ensembl||ENSMUST00000029214; ENSMUSP00000029214; ENSMUSG00000027671. |
|UCSC||uc012coo.1. mouse. |
|MGI||MGI:1861453. Actl6a. |
Gene expression databases
Family and domain databases
|InterPro||IPR004000. Actin-related. |
|PANTHER||PTHR11937. PTHR11937. 1 hit. |
|Pfam||PF00022. Actin. 1 hit. |
|PRINTS||PR00190. ACTIN. |
|SMART||SM00268. ACTIN. 1 hit. |
|PROSITE||PS00432. ACTINS_2. 1 hit. |
|Accession||Primary (citable) accession number: Q9Z2N8|
Secondary accession number(s): Q8C1W3, Q99M56
|Entry status||Reviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)|
|Annotation program||Chordata Protein Annotation Program|