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Protein

Lysosomal thioesterase PPT2

Gene

PPT2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Removes thioester-linked fatty acyl groups from various substrates including S-palmitoyl-CoA. Has the highest S-thioesterase activity for the acyl groups palmitic and myristic acid followed by other short- and long-chain acyl substrates. However, because of structural constraints, is unable to remove palmitate from peptides or proteins.3 Publications

Kineticsi

  1. KM=67 µM for S-palmitoyl-CoA1 Publication
  2. KM=37 µM for S-palmitoyl-N-acetylcysteamine1 Publication
  3. KM=117 µM for 4-methylumbelliferyl-6-S-palmitoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside1 Publication
  1. Vmax=1.7 µmol/min/mg enzyme toward S-palmitoyl-CoA1 Publication
  2. Vmax=3.3 µmol/min/mg enzyme toward S-palmitoyl-N-acetylcysteamine1 Publication
  3. Vmax=0.43 µmol/min/mg enzyme toward 4-methylumbelliferyl-6-S-palmitoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside1 Publication

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 7.0.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei111Nucleophile1
Active sitei2281
Active sitei2831

GO - Molecular functioni

  • palmitoyl-(protein) hydrolase activity Source: Ensembl
  • palmitoyl hydrolase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • thiolester hydrolase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Hydrolase

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciZFISH:HS09763-MONOMER.
ReactomeiR-HSA-75876. Synthesis of very long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs.

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERihuman-PPT2. Palmitoyl-protein_thioesterase.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lysosomal thioesterase PPT2 (EC:3.1.2.-)
Short name:
PPT-2
Alternative name(s):
S-thioesterase G14
Gene namesi
Name:PPT2
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:9326. PPT2.

Subcellular locationi

  • Lysosome 1 Publication

GO - Cellular componenti

  • extracellular exosome Source: UniProtKB
  • intracellular membrane-bounded organelle Source: GO_Central
  • lysosomal lumen Source: Reactome
  • lysosome Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Lysosome

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi111S → A: Abolishes enzymatic activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi228D → A: Abolishes enzymatic activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi283H → A: Abolishes enzymatic activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi287H → A: No effect on enzymatic activity. 1 Publication1

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi9374.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000221988.
ENSG00000258388.
PharmGKBiPA33689.

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2189137.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPPT2.
DMDMi296453016.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 27Sequence analysisAdd BLAST27
ChainiPRO_000002555428 – 302Lysosomal thioesterase PPT2Add BLAST275

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi60N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi109 ↔ 1171 Publication
Disulfide bondi165 ↔ 1761 Publication
Glycosylationi190N-linked (GlcNAc...)1 Publication1
Glycosylationi206N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis1
Glycosylationi245N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi276 ↔ 2961 Publication
Glycosylationi289N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9UMR5.
PaxDbiQ9UMR5.
PeptideAtlasiQ9UMR5.
PRIDEiQ9UMR5.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Broadly expressed, with highest levels in skeletal muscle.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000221988.
ExpressionAtlasiQ9UMR5. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ9UMR5. HS.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA000414.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi114775. 34 interactors.
MINTiMINT-4721124.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000354608.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1302
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Beta strandi39 – 42Combined sources4
Helixi49 – 52Combined sources4
Helixi53 – 62Combined sources10
Beta strandi68 – 70Combined sources3
Helixi77 – 80Combined sources4
Helixi83 – 100Combined sources18
Beta strandi105 – 110Combined sources6
Helixi112 – 123Combined sources12
Beta strandi129 – 136Combined sources8
Helixi147 – 152Combined sources6
Helixi158 – 165Combined sources8
Helixi170 – 172Combined sources3
Helixi175 – 178Combined sources4
Helixi185 – 191Combined sources7
Helixi195 – 198Combined sources4
Helixi207 – 214Combined sources8
Beta strandi218 – 224Combined sources7
Beta strandi229 – 233Combined sources5
Helixi234 – 238Combined sources5
Helixi251 – 253Combined sources3
Helixi255 – 258Combined sources4
Turni259 – 262Combined sources4
Helixi264 – 269Combined sources6
Beta strandi273 – 277Combined sources5
Turni283 – 287Combined sources5
Helixi290 – 296Combined sources7
Helixi298 – 300Combined sources3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PJAX-ray2.70A1-302[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ9UMR5.
SMRiQ9UMR5.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ9UMR5.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2541. Eukaryota.
COG1075. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063368.
HOVERGENiHBG019159.
InParanoidiQ9UMR5.
KOiK01074.
OMAiSERENPK.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0CYO.
PhylomeDBiQ9UMR5.
TreeFamiTF323926.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR029058. AB_hydrolase.
IPR002472. Palm_thioest.
IPR030295. PPT2.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11247:SF27. PTHR11247:SF27. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02089. Palm_thioest. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00414. PPTHIESTRASE.
SUPFAMiSSF53474. SSF53474. 1 hit.

Sequences (3)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 3 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9UMR5-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MLGLCGQRLP AAWVLLLLPF LPLLLLAAPA PHRASYKPVI VVHGLFDSSY
60 70 80 90 100
SFRHLLEYIN ETHPGTVVTV LDLFDGRESL RPLWEQVQGF REAVVPIMAK
110 120 130 140 150
APQGVHLICY SQGGLVCRAL LSVMDDHNVD SFISLSSPQM GQYGDTDYLK
160 170 180 190 200
WLFPTSMRSN LYRICYSPWG QEFSICNYWH DPHHDDLYLN ASSFLALING
210 220 230 240 250
ERDHPNATVW RKNFLRVGHL VLIGGPDDGV ITPWQSSFFG FYDANETVLE
260 270 280 290 300
MEEQLVYLRD SFGLKTLLAR GAIVRCPMAG ISHTAWHSNR TLYETCIEPW

LS
Length:302
Mass (Da):34,225
Last modified:May 18, 2010 - v4
Checksum:iE242D677970B4BEA
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9UMR5-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
Also known as: I

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     256-300: VYLRDSFGLK...TLYETCIEPW → PARPTHQSEL...ESWGPGLSCA

Note: Catalytically inactive due to lack of His-283. May be produced at very low levels due to a premature stop codon in the mRNA, leading to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay.
Show »
Length:301
Mass (Da):34,055
Checksum:i37EC25978B3FE96E
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: Q9UMR5-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-1: M → MKSCGSM

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:308
Mass (Da):34,819
Checksum:iE83460052465B3A4
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAG38577 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally shortened.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti189L → P in CAG38577 (Ref. 4) Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_0271075C → W.10 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs3134604dbSNPEnsembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_02710834A → E.3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs3096696dbSNPEnsembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_0540271M → MKSCGSM in isoform 3. 1 Publication1
Alternative sequenceiVSP_005188256 – 300VYLRD…CIEPW → PARPTHQSELLLLRLVCLKP PRRKKPACRVQRQSESWGPG LSCA in isoform 2. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST45

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF020543 mRNA. Translation: AAB80730.1.
AF020544 mRNA. Translation: AAB80731.1.
Y17958 mRNA. Translation: CAB46981.1.
AL110128 mRNA. Translation: CAB53659.1.
CR533546 mRNA. Translation: CAG38577.1. Different initiation.
AK292729 mRNA. Translation: BAF85418.1.
U89336 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB47495.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI17424.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI17426.2.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM24823.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM24825.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI18342.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI18344.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41763.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41797.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41798.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41799.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM25714.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26213.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26215.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26216.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26218.1.
BX927239 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ06588.1.
BX927239 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ06590.1.
CR753803 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09561.1.
CR933878 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09617.1.
CR933878 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09619.1.
CR812478 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ10692.1.
CR812478 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ10694.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03597.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03591.1.
BC001355 mRNA. Translation: AAH01355.1.
CCDSiCCDS4740.1. [Q9UMR5-3]
CCDS4742.1. [Q9UMR5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001191032.1. NM_001204103.1. [Q9UMR5-1]
NP_005146.4. NM_005155.6. [Q9UMR5-1]
NP_619731.2. NM_138717.2. [Q9UMR5-3]
UniGeneiHs.332138.
Hs.731888.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000324816; ENSP00000320528; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000361568; ENSP00000354608; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-3]
ENST00000375137; ENSP00000364279; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000375143; ENSP00000364285; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000383301; ENSP00000372789; ENSG00000206329.
ENST00000395523; ENSP00000378894; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000412651; ENSP00000416505; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000414356; ENSP00000398462; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000415972; ENSP00000408333; ENSG00000228116.
ENST00000423347; ENSP00000406219; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000433748; ENSP00000410001; ENSG00000206256.
ENST00000476214; ENSP00000432308; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000480383; ENSP00000432502; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000483565; ENSP00000431928; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000488579; ENSP00000434992; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000490624; ENSP00000433323; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000493809; ENSP00000436963; ENSG00000227600.
ENST00000496937; ENSP00000432964; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000527704; ENSP00000433061; ENSG00000227600.
GeneIDi9374.
KEGGihsa:9374.
UCSCiuc003nzw.4. human. [Q9UMR5-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF020543 mRNA. Translation: AAB80730.1.
AF020544 mRNA. Translation: AAB80731.1.
Y17958 mRNA. Translation: CAB46981.1.
AL110128 mRNA. Translation: CAB53659.1.
CR533546 mRNA. Translation: CAG38577.1. Different initiation.
AK292729 mRNA. Translation: BAF85418.1.
U89336 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAB47495.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI17424.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI17426.2.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM24823.1.
AL662828 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM24825.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI18342.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI18344.1.
AL662884 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41763.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41797.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41798.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI41799.1.
AL845464 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM25714.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26213.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26215.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26216.1.
BX284686 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26218.1.
BX927239 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ06588.1.
BX927239 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ06590.1.
CR753803 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09561.1.
CR933878 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09617.1.
CR933878 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ09619.1.
CR812478 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ10692.1.
CR812478 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAQ10694.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03597.1.
CH471081 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAX03591.1.
BC001355 mRNA. Translation: AAH01355.1.
CCDSiCCDS4740.1. [Q9UMR5-3]
CCDS4742.1. [Q9UMR5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001191032.1. NM_001204103.1. [Q9UMR5-1]
NP_005146.4. NM_005155.6. [Q9UMR5-1]
NP_619731.2. NM_138717.2. [Q9UMR5-3]
UniGeneiHs.332138.
Hs.731888.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PJAX-ray2.70A1-302[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ9UMR5.
SMRiQ9UMR5.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi114775. 34 interactors.
MINTiMINT-4721124.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000354608.

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2189137.

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERihuman-PPT2. Palmitoyl-protein_thioesterase.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPPT2.
DMDMi296453016.

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9UMR5.
PaxDbiQ9UMR5.
PeptideAtlasiQ9UMR5.
PRIDEiQ9UMR5.

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi9374.
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000324816; ENSP00000320528; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000361568; ENSP00000354608; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-3]
ENST00000375137; ENSP00000364279; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000375143; ENSP00000364285; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000383301; ENSP00000372789; ENSG00000206329.
ENST00000395523; ENSP00000378894; ENSG00000221988. [Q9UMR5-1]
ENST00000412651; ENSP00000416505; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000414356; ENSP00000398462; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000415972; ENSP00000408333; ENSG00000228116.
ENST00000423347; ENSP00000406219; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000433748; ENSP00000410001; ENSG00000206256.
ENST00000476214; ENSP00000432308; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000480383; ENSP00000432502; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000483565; ENSP00000431928; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000488579; ENSP00000434992; ENSG00000236649.
ENST00000490624; ENSP00000433323; ENSG00000168452.
ENST00000493809; ENSP00000436963; ENSG00000227600.
ENST00000496937; ENSP00000432964; ENSG00000231618.
ENST00000527704; ENSP00000433061; ENSG00000227600.
GeneIDi9374.
KEGGihsa:9374.
UCSCiuc003nzw.4. human. [Q9UMR5-1]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi9374.
DisGeNETi9374.
GeneCardsiPPT2.
HGNCiHGNC:9326. PPT2.
HPAiHPA000414.
MIMi603298. gene.
neXtProtiNX_Q9UMR5.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000221988.
ENSG00000258388.
PharmGKBiPA33689.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2541. Eukaryota.
COG1075. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063368.
HOVERGENiHBG019159.
InParanoidiQ9UMR5.
KOiK01074.
OMAiSERENPK.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0CYO.
PhylomeDBiQ9UMR5.
TreeFamiTF323926.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciZFISH:HS09763-MONOMER.
ReactomeiR-HSA-75876. Synthesis of very long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiPPT2. human.
EvolutionaryTraceiQ9UMR5.
GeneWikiiPPT2.
GenomeRNAii9374.
PROiQ9UMR5.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000221988.
ExpressionAtlasiQ9UMR5. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiQ9UMR5. HS.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR029058. AB_hydrolase.
IPR002472. Palm_thioest.
IPR030295. PPT2.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11247:SF27. PTHR11247:SF27. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02089. Palm_thioest. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00414. PPTHIESTRASE.
SUPFAMiSSF53474. SSF53474. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPPT2_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9UMR5
Secondary accession number(s): A2ABC9
, A2ABD1, A2ARM7, A2BFH7, A2BFH9, A2BFI2, A8K9L4, B0S868, G8JLE1, O14799, Q0P6K0, Q5JP13, Q5JP14, Q5JQF0, Q5SSX4, Q5SSX5, Q5SSX6, Q5STJ4, Q5STJ5, Q5STJ6, Q6FI80, Q99945
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 5, 2002
Last sequence update: May 18, 2010
Last modified: November 2, 2016
This is version 143 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Caution

Was originally referred as a palmitoyl-protein thioesterase (palmitoyl-protein hydrolase).1 Publication

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 6
    Human chromosome 6: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.