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Protein

Adenylate kinase isoenzyme 1

Gene

Ak1

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. Also possesses broad nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity. Plays an important role in cellular energy homeostasis and in adenine nucleotide metabolism (By similarity). May provide a mechanism to buffer the adenylate energy charge for sperm motility.By similarity1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

ATP + AMP = 2 ADP.UniRule annotation
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei39 – 391AMPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei44 – 441AMPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei101 – 1011AMPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei132 – 1321ATPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei138 – 1381AMPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei149 – 1491AMPUniRule annotation
Binding sitei177 – 1771ATP; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi18 – 236ATPUniRule annotation
Nucleotide bindingi65 – 673AMPUniRule annotation
Nucleotide bindingi94 – 974AMPUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. adenylate kinase activity Source: MGI
  2. ATP binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

  1. ADP biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
  2. AMP metabolic process Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
  3. ATP metabolic process Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
  4. cell cycle arrest Source: MGI
  5. nucleoside diphosphate phosphorylation Source: UniProtKB
  6. nucleoside triphosphate biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Kinase, Transferase

Keywords - Ligandi

ATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.4.3. 3474.
ReactomeiREACT_238368. Synthesis and interconversion of nucleotide di- and triphosphates.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Adenylate kinase isoenzyme 1UniRule annotation (EC:2.7.4.3UniRule annotation, EC:2.7.4.6UniRule annotation)
Short name:
AK 1UniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
ATP-AMP transphosphorylase 1UniRule annotation
ATP:AMP phosphotransferaseUniRule annotation
Adenylate monophosphate kinaseUniRule annotation
MyokinaseUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:Ak1
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
ProteomesiUP000000589: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:87977. Ak1.

Subcellular locationi

Cytoplasm UniRule annotation

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytoplasm Source: MGI
  2. extracellular vesicular exosome Source: MGI
  3. outer dense fiber Source: MGI
  4. plasma membrane Source: MGI
  5. sperm flagellum Source: MGI
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 194194Adenylate kinase isoenzyme 1PRO_0000158911Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei1 – 11N-acetylmethionineUniRule annotation
Modified residuei38 – 381PhosphoserineBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ9R0Y5.
PaxDbiQ9R0Y5.
PRIDEiQ9R0Y5.

2D gel databases

REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEIPI00128209.
Q9R0Y5.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ9R0Y5.

Expressioni

Developmental stagei

Up-regulated during late spermiogenesis, when the flagellum is being assembled.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ9R0Y5.
CleanExiMM_AK1.
ExpressionAtlasiQ9R0Y5. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ9R0Y5.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi198045. 2 interactions.
IntActiQ9R0Y5. 3 interactions.
MINTiMINT-4130855.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9R0Y5.
SMRiQ9R0Y5. Positions 1-194.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni38 – 6730NMPbindUniRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Regioni131 – 14111LIDUniRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Domaini

Consists of three domains, a large central CORE domain and two small peripheral domains, NMPbind and LID, which undergo movements during catalysis. The LID domain closes over the site of phosphoryl transfer upon ATP binding. Assembling and dissambling the active center during each catalytic cycle provides an effective means to prevent ATP hydrolysis.UniRule annotation

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the adenylate kinase family. AK1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0563.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016215.
HOGENOMiHOG000238771.
HOVERGENiHBG108060.
InParanoidiQ9R0Y5.
KOiK00939.
OMAiWILGGPG.
OrthoDBiEOG7060S3.
PhylomeDBiQ9R0Y5.
TreeFamiTF354283.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.300. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00235. Adenylate_kinase_Adk.
MF_03171. Adenylate_kinase_AK1.
InterProiIPR000850. Adenylat/UMP-CMP_kin.
IPR028582. AK1.
IPR006267. AK1/5.
IPR027417. P-loop_NTPase.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR23359. PTHR23359. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00094. ADENYLTKNASE.
SUPFAMiSSF52540. SSF52540. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01360. aden_kin_iso1. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00113. ADENYLATE_KINASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9R0Y5-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

Also known as: Ak1a

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MEEKLKKAKI IFVVGGPGSG KGTQCEKIVQ KYGYTHLSTG DLLRAEVSSG
60 70 80 90 100
SERGKKLSAI MEKGELVPLD TVLDMLRDAM LAKVDSSNGF LIDGYPREVK
110 120 130 140 150
QGEEFEQKIG QPTLLLYVDA GAETMTQRLL KRGETSGRVD DNEETIKKRL
160 170 180 190
ETYYNATEPV ISFYDKRGIV RKVNAEGTVD TVFSEVCTYL DSLK
Length:194
Mass (Da):21,540
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
Checksum:i88E7862522967D14
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9R0Y5-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

Also known as: Ak1b

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-2: ME → MGCCVSSEPQEEGGRKTG

Show »
Length:210
Mass (Da):23,116
Checksum:i5295189A6E7CB6D8
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAM16612.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction. Curated

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei1 – 22ME → MGCCVSSEPQEEGGRKTG in isoform 2. 2 PublicationsVSP_024843

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ010108 mRNA. Translation: CAB52407.1.
AJ010109 mRNA. Translation: CAB52408.1.
DQ486026 mRNA. Translation: ABF46940.1.
AK046613 mRNA. Translation: BAC32808.1.
AK089270 mRNA. Translation: BAC40822.1.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16612.1. Sequence problems.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16613.1.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16614.1.
BC014802 mRNA. Translation: AAH14802.1.
BC054366 mRNA. Translation: AAH54366.1.
CCDSiCCDS15924.1. [Q9R0Y5-2]
CCDS57167.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001185719.1. NM_001198790.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_001185720.1. NM_001198791.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_001185721.1. NM_001198792.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_067490.1. NM_021515.3. [Q9R0Y5-2]
XP_006497687.1. XM_006497624.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
UniGeneiMm.29189.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000068271; ENSMUSP00000068479; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-2]
ENSMUST00000113277; ENSMUSP00000108902; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-1]
ENSMUST00000113278; ENSMUSP00000108903; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-1]
GeneIDi11636.
KEGGimmu:11636.
UCSCiuc008jgh.2. mouse. [Q9R0Y5-1]
uc008jgj.2. mouse. [Q9R0Y5-2]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ010108 mRNA. Translation: CAB52407.1.
AJ010109 mRNA. Translation: CAB52408.1.
DQ486026 mRNA. Translation: ABF46940.1.
AK046613 mRNA. Translation: BAC32808.1.
AK089270 mRNA. Translation: BAC40822.1.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16612.1. Sequence problems.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16613.1.
AL772271 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM16614.1.
BC014802 mRNA. Translation: AAH14802.1.
BC054366 mRNA. Translation: AAH54366.1.
CCDSiCCDS15924.1. [Q9R0Y5-2]
CCDS57167.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001185719.1. NM_001198790.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_001185720.1. NM_001198791.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_001185721.1. NM_001198792.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
NP_067490.1. NM_021515.3. [Q9R0Y5-2]
XP_006497687.1. XM_006497624.1. [Q9R0Y5-1]
UniGeneiMm.29189.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9R0Y5.
SMRiQ9R0Y5. Positions 1-194.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi198045. 2 interactions.
IntActiQ9R0Y5. 3 interactions.
MINTiMINT-4130855.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ9R0Y5.

2D gel databases

REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEIPI00128209.
Q9R0Y5.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ9R0Y5.
PaxDbiQ9R0Y5.
PRIDEiQ9R0Y5.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000068271; ENSMUSP00000068479; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-2]
ENSMUST00000113277; ENSMUSP00000108902; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-1]
ENSMUST00000113278; ENSMUSP00000108903; ENSMUSG00000026817. [Q9R0Y5-1]
GeneIDi11636.
KEGGimmu:11636.
UCSCiuc008jgh.2. mouse. [Q9R0Y5-1]
uc008jgj.2. mouse. [Q9R0Y5-2]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi203.
MGIiMGI:87977. Ak1.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0563.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016215.
HOGENOMiHOG000238771.
HOVERGENiHBG108060.
InParanoidiQ9R0Y5.
KOiK00939.
OMAiWILGGPG.
OrthoDBiEOG7060S3.
PhylomeDBiQ9R0Y5.
TreeFamiTF354283.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.4.3. 3474.
ReactomeiREACT_238368. Synthesis and interconversion of nucleotide di- and triphosphates.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi279205.
PROiQ9R0Y5.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ9R0Y5.
CleanExiMM_AK1.
ExpressionAtlasiQ9R0Y5. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ9R0Y5.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.300. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00235. Adenylate_kinase_Adk.
MF_03171. Adenylate_kinase_AK1.
InterProiIPR000850. Adenylat/UMP-CMP_kin.
IPR028582. AK1.
IPR006267. AK1/5.
IPR027417. P-loop_NTPase.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR23359. PTHR23359. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00094. ADENYLTKNASE.
SUPFAMiSSF52540. SSF52540. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01360. aden_kin_iso1. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00113. ADENYLATE_KINASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "wt p53 dependent expression of a membrane-associated isoform of adenylate kinase."
    Collavin L., Lazarevic D., Utrera R., Marzinotto S., Monte M., Schneider C.
    Oncogene 18:5879-5888(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORMS 1 AND 2).
  2. "Adenylate kinases 1 and 2 are part of the accessory structures in the mouse sperm flagellum."
    Cao W., Haig-Ladewig L., Gerton G.L., Moss S.B.
    Biol. Reprod. 75:492-500(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), FUNCTION, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
    Strain: CD-1.
  3. "The transcriptional landscape of the mammalian genome."
    Carninci P., Kasukawa T., Katayama S., Gough J., Frith M.C., Maeda N., Oyama R., Ravasi T., Lenhard B., Wells C., Kodzius R., Shimokawa K., Bajic V.B., Brenner S.E., Batalov S., Forrest A.R., Zavolan M., Davis M.J.
    , Wilming L.G., Aidinis V., Allen J.E., Ambesi-Impiombato A., Apweiler R., Aturaliya R.N., Bailey T.L., Bansal M., Baxter L., Beisel K.W., Bersano T., Bono H., Chalk A.M., Chiu K.P., Choudhary V., Christoffels A., Clutterbuck D.R., Crowe M.L., Dalla E., Dalrymple B.P., de Bono B., Della Gatta G., di Bernardo D., Down T., Engstrom P., Fagiolini M., Faulkner G., Fletcher C.F., Fukushima T., Furuno M., Futaki S., Gariboldi M., Georgii-Hemming P., Gingeras T.R., Gojobori T., Green R.E., Gustincich S., Harbers M., Hayashi Y., Hensch T.K., Hirokawa N., Hill D., Huminiecki L., Iacono M., Ikeo K., Iwama A., Ishikawa T., Jakt M., Kanapin A., Katoh M., Kawasawa Y., Kelso J., Kitamura H., Kitano H., Kollias G., Krishnan S.P., Kruger A., Kummerfeld S.K., Kurochkin I.V., Lareau L.F., Lazarevic D., Lipovich L., Liu J., Liuni S., McWilliam S., Madan Babu M., Madera M., Marchionni L., Matsuda H., Matsuzawa S., Miki H., Mignone F., Miyake S., Morris K., Mottagui-Tabar S., Mulder N., Nakano N., Nakauchi H., Ng P., Nilsson R., Nishiguchi S., Nishikawa S., Nori F., Ohara O., Okazaki Y., Orlando V., Pang K.C., Pavan W.J., Pavesi G., Pesole G., Petrovsky N., Piazza S., Reed J., Reid J.F., Ring B.Z., Ringwald M., Rost B., Ruan Y., Salzberg S.L., Sandelin A., Schneider C., Schoenbach C., Sekiguchi K., Semple C.A., Seno S., Sessa L., Sheng Y., Shibata Y., Shimada H., Shimada K., Silva D., Sinclair B., Sperling S., Stupka E., Sugiura K., Sultana R., Takenaka Y., Taki K., Tammoja K., Tan S.L., Tang S., Taylor M.S., Tegner J., Teichmann S.A., Ueda H.R., van Nimwegen E., Verardo R., Wei C.L., Yagi K., Yamanishi H., Zabarovsky E., Zhu S., Zimmer A., Hide W., Bult C., Grimmond S.M., Teasdale R.D., Liu E.T., Brusic V., Quackenbush J., Wahlestedt C., Mattick J.S., Hume D.A., Kai C., Sasaki D., Tomaru Y., Fukuda S., Kanamori-Katayama M., Suzuki M., Aoki J., Arakawa T., Iida J., Imamura K., Itoh M., Kato T., Kawaji H., Kawagashira N., Kawashima T., Kojima M., Kondo S., Konno H., Nakano K., Ninomiya N., Nishio T., Okada M., Plessy C., Shibata K., Shiraki T., Suzuki S., Tagami M., Waki K., Watahiki A., Okamura-Oho Y., Suzuki H., Kawai J., Hayashizaki Y.
    Science 309:1559-1563(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
    Strain: C57BL/6J and NOD.
    Tissue: Adipose tissue.
  4. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: C57BL/6J.
  5. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORMS 1 AND 2).
    Strain: C57BL/6 and FVB/N.
    Tissue: Mammary tumor and Retina.
  6. Lubec G., Klug S.
    Submitted (MAR-2007) to UniProtKB
    Cited for: PROTEIN SEQUENCE OF 32-44; 64-77; 84-97 AND 150-166, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY.
    Tissue: Hippocampus.
  7. "Comprehensive identification of phosphorylation sites in postsynaptic density preparations."
    Trinidad J.C., Specht C.G., Thalhammer A., Schoepfer R., Burlingame A.L.
    Mol. Cell. Proteomics 5:914-922(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS].
    Tissue: Brain.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiKAD1_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9R0Y5
Secondary accession number(s): A2AK80, Q542C5, Q9R0Y4
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 4, 2001
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: March 4, 2015
This is version 124 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.