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Protein

Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 19

Gene

XTH19

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Catalyzes xyloglucan endohydrolysis (XEH) and/or endotransglycosylation (XET). Cleaves and religates xyloglucan polymers, an essential constituent of the primary cell wall, and thereby participates in cell wall construction of growing tissues (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Breaks a beta-(1->4) bond in the backbone of a xyloglucan and transfers the xyloglucanyl segment on to O-4 of the non-reducing terminal glucose residue of an acceptor, which can be a xyloglucan or an oligosaccharide of xyloglucan.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei99 – 991NucleophilePROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei103 – 1031Proton donorPROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • cell proliferation Source: TAIR
  • cellular response to auxin stimulus Source: TAIR
  • cell wall organization Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • xyloglucan metabolic process Source: TAIR
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Glycosidase, Hydrolase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Cell wall biogenesis/degradation

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT4G30290-MONOMER.
BRENDAi2.4.1.207. 399.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH16. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 19 (EC:2.4.1.207)
Short name:
At-XTH19
Short name:
XTH-19
Gene namesi
Name:XTH19
Ordered Locus Names:At4g30290
ORF Names:F17I23.370
OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
ProteomesiUP000006548 Componenti: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

TAIRiAT4G30290.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Apoplast, Cell wall, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 2121Sequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Chaini22 – 277256Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 19PRO_0000011819Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi107 – 1071N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis

Post-translational modificationi

Contains at least one intrachain disulfide bond essential for its enzymatic activity.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Root specific.1 Publication

Inductioni

By auxin.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

GenevestigatoriQ9M0D1.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9M0D1.
SMRiQ9M0D1. Positions 32-276.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000236368.
InParanoidiQ9M0D1.
KOiK08235.
OMAiCPANSQW.
PhylomeDBiQ9M0D1.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.200. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR008264. Beta_glucanase.
IPR013320. ConA-like_dom.
IPR000757. Glyco_hydro_16.
IPR008263. Glycoside_hydrolase_16_AS.
IPR016455. XET.
IPR010713. XET_C.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00722. Glyco_hydro_16. 1 hit.
PF06955. XET_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF005604. XET. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00737. GLHYDRLASE16.
SUPFAMiSSF49899. SSF49899. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01034. GLYCOSYL_HYDROL_F16. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9M0D1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKSFTFLILF LFAAQSISVY AGSFHKDVKI HWGDGRGKIH DNQGKLLSLS
60 70 80 90 100
LDKSSGSGFQ SNQEFLYGKA EVQMKLVPGN SAGTVTTFYL KSPGTTWDEI
110 120 130 140 150
DFEFLGNISG HPYTLHTNVY TKGSGDKEQQ FHLWFDPTAN FHTYCITWNP
160 170 180 190 200
QRIIFTVDGI PIREFMNAES RGVPFPTKQP MRLYASLWEA EHWATRGGLE
210 220 230 240 250
KTDWSKAPFT AYYRNYNVEG CVWVNGKSVC PANSQWFTQK LDSNGQTRMK
260 270
GVQSKYMVYN YCSDKKRFPR GVPPECS
Length:277
Mass (Da):31,563
Last modified:October 1, 2000 - v1
Checksum:iB801F67E0CD72E53
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti112 – 1121P → T in AAK91391 (PubMed:14593172).Curated
Sequence conflicti112 – 1121P → T in AAN28826 (PubMed:14593172).Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL161576 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB81022.1.
CP002687 Genomic DNA. Translation: AEE85747.1.
AY050373 mRNA. Translation: AAK91391.1.
AY143887 mRNA. Translation: AAN28826.1.
PIRiB85354.
RefSeqiNP_194758.1. NM_119175.2.
UniGeneiAt.23039.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G30290.1; AT4G30290.1; AT4G30290.
GeneIDi829152.
KEGGiath:AT4G30290.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL161576 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB81022.1.
CP002687 Genomic DNA. Translation: AEE85747.1.
AY050373 mRNA. Translation: AAK91391.1.
AY143887 mRNA. Translation: AAN28826.1.
PIRiB85354.
RefSeqiNP_194758.1. NM_119175.2.
UniGeneiAt.23039.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9M0D1.
SMRiQ9M0D1. Positions 32-276.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH16. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G30290.1; AT4G30290.1; AT4G30290.
GeneIDi829152.
KEGGiath:AT4G30290.

Organism-specific databases

TAIRiAT4G30290.

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000236368.
InParanoidiQ9M0D1.
KOiK08235.
OMAiCPANSQW.
PhylomeDBiQ9M0D1.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT4G30290-MONOMER.
BRENDAi2.4.1.207. 399.

Miscellaneous databases

PROiQ9M0D1.

Gene expression databases

GenevestigatoriQ9M0D1.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.200. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR008264. Beta_glucanase.
IPR013320. ConA-like_dom.
IPR000757. Glyco_hydro_16.
IPR008263. Glycoside_hydrolase_16_AS.
IPR016455. XET.
IPR010713. XET_C.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00722. Glyco_hydro_16. 1 hit.
PF06955. XET_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF005604. XET. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00737. GLHYDRLASE16.
SUPFAMiSSF49899. SSF49899. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01034. GLYCOSYL_HYDROL_F16. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 4 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Mayer K.F.X., Schueller C., Wambutt R., Murphy G., Volckaert G., Pohl T., Duesterhoeft A., Stiekema W., Entian K.-D., Terryn N., Harris B., Ansorge W., Brandt P., Grivell L.A., Rieger M., Weichselgartner M., de Simone V., Obermaier B.
    , Mache R., Mueller M., Kreis M., Delseny M., Puigdomenech P., Watson M., Schmidtheini T., Reichert B., Portetelle D., Perez-Alonso M., Boutry M., Bancroft I., Vos P., Hoheisel J., Zimmermann W., Wedler H., Ridley P., Langham S.-A., McCullagh B., Bilham L., Robben J., van der Schueren J., Grymonprez B., Chuang Y.-J., Vandenbussche F., Braeken M., Weltjens I., Voet M., Bastiaens I., Aert R., Defoor E., Weitzenegger T., Bothe G., Ramsperger U., Hilbert H., Braun M., Holzer E., Brandt A., Peters S., van Staveren M., Dirkse W., Mooijman P., Klein Lankhorst R., Rose M., Hauf J., Koetter P., Berneiser S., Hempel S., Feldpausch M., Lamberth S., Van den Daele H., De Keyser A., Buysshaert C., Gielen J., Villarroel R., De Clercq R., van Montagu M., Rogers J., Cronin A., Quail M.A., Bray-Allen S., Clark L., Doggett J., Hall S., Kay M., Lennard N., McLay K., Mayes R., Pettett A., Rajandream M.A., Lyne M., Benes V., Rechmann S., Borkova D., Bloecker H., Scharfe M., Grimm M., Loehnert T.-H., Dose S., de Haan M., Maarse A.C., Schaefer M., Mueller-Auer S., Gabel C., Fuchs M., Fartmann B., Granderath K., Dauner D., Herzl A., Neumann S., Argiriou A., Vitale D., Liguori R., Piravandi E., Massenet O., Quigley F., Clabauld G., Muendlein A., Felber R., Schnabl S., Hiller R., Schmidt W., Lecharny A., Aubourg S., Chefdor F., Cooke R., Berger C., Monfort A., Casacuberta E., Gibbons T., Weber N., Vandenbol M., Bargues M., Terol J., Torres A., Perez-Perez A., Purnelle B., Bent E., Johnson S., Tacon D., Jesse T., Heijnen L., Schwarz S., Scholler P., Heber S., Francs P., Bielke C., Frishman D., Haase D., Lemcke K., Mewes H.-W., Stocker S., Zaccaria P., Bevan M., Wilson R.K., de la Bastide M., Habermann K., Parnell L., Dedhia N., Gnoj L., Schutz K., Huang E., Spiegel L., Sekhon M., Murray J., Sheet P., Cordes M., Abu-Threideh J., Stoneking T., Kalicki J., Graves T., Harmon G., Edwards J., Latreille P., Courtney L., Cloud J., Abbott A., Scott K., Johnson D., Minx P., Bentley D., Fulton B., Miller N., Greco T., Kemp K., Kramer J., Fulton L., Mardis E., Dante M., Pepin K., Hillier L.W., Nelson J., Spieth J., Ryan E., Andrews S., Geisel C., Layman D., Du H., Ali J., Berghoff A., Jones K., Drone K., Cotton M., Joshu C., Antonoiu B., Zidanic M., Strong C., Sun H., Lamar B., Yordan C., Ma P., Zhong J., Preston R., Vil D., Shekher M., Matero A., Shah R., Swaby I.K., O'Shaughnessy A., Rodriguez M., Hoffman J., Till S., Granat S., Shohdy N., Hasegawa A., Hameed A., Lodhi M., Johnson A., Chen E., Marra M.A., Martienssen R., McCombie W.R.
    Nature 402:769-777(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  2. The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR)
    Submitted (APR-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: GENOME REANNOTATION.
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  3. "Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome."
    Yamada K., Lim J., Dale J.M., Chen H., Shinn P., Palm C.J., Southwick A.M., Wu H.C., Kim C.J., Nguyen M., Pham P.K., Cheuk R.F., Karlin-Newmann G., Liu S.X., Lam B., Sakano H., Wu T., Yu G.
    , Miranda M., Quach H.L., Tripp M., Chang C.H., Lee J.M., Toriumi M.J., Chan M.M., Tang C.C., Onodera C.S., Deng J.M., Akiyama K., Ansari Y., Arakawa T., Banh J., Banno F., Bowser L., Brooks S.Y., Carninci P., Chao Q., Choy N., Enju A., Goldsmith A.D., Gurjal M., Hansen N.F., Hayashizaki Y., Johnson-Hopson C., Hsuan V.W., Iida K., Karnes M., Khan S., Koesema E., Ishida J., Jiang P.X., Jones T., Kawai J., Kamiya A., Meyers C., Nakajima M., Narusaka M., Seki M., Sakurai T., Satou M., Tamse R., Vaysberg M., Wallender E.K., Wong C., Yamamura Y., Yuan S., Shinozaki K., Davis R.W., Theologis A., Ecker J.R.
    Science 302:842-846(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  4. "A comprehensive expression analysis of all members of a gene family encoding cell-wall enzymes allowed us to predict cis-regulatory regions involved in cell-wall construction in specific organs of Arabidopsis."
    Yokoyama R., Nishitani K.
    Plant Cell Physiol. 42:1025-1033(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY, INDUCTION.
  5. "The XTH family of enzymes involved in xyloglucan endotransglucosylation and endohydrolysis: current perspectives and a new unifying nomenclature."
    Rose J.K.C., Braam J., Fry S.C., Nishitani K.
    Plant Cell Physiol. 43:1421-1435(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NOMENCLATURE.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiXTH19_ARATH
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9M0D1
Secondary accession number(s): Q94A49
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2003
Last sequence update: October 1, 2000
Last modified: May 27, 2015
This is version 109 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.