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Protein

Egl nine homolog 1

Gene

EGLN1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Cellular oxygen sensor that catalyzes, under normoxic conditions, the post-translational formation of 4-hydroxyproline in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) alpha proteins. Hydroxylates a specific proline found in each of the oxygen-dependent degradation (ODD) domains (N-terminal, NODD, and C-terminal, CODD) of HIF1A. Also hydroxylates HIF2A. Has a preference for the CODD site for both HIF1A and HIF1B. Hydroxylated HIFs are then targeted for proteasomal degradation via the von Hippel-Lindau ubiquitination complex. Under hypoxic conditions, the hydroxylation reaction is attenuated allowing HIFs to escape degradation resulting in their translocation to the nucleus, heterodimerization with HIF1B, and increased expression of hypoxy-inducible genes. EGLN1 is the most important isozyme under normoxia and, through regulating the stability of HIF1, involved in various hypoxia-influenced processes such as angiogenesis in retinal and cardiac functionality. Target proteins are preferentially recognized via a LXXLAP motif.7 Publications

Catalytic activityi

Hypoxia-inducible factor-L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = hypoxia-inducible factor-trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2.1 Publication

Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Enzyme regulationi

Following exposure to hypoxia, activated in HeLa cells but not in cardiovascular cells.2 Publications

Kineticsi

  1. KM=70 nM for HIF2A1 Publication
  2. KM=150 µM for O21 Publication
  3. KM=1.3 µM for 2-oxoglutarate1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Metal bindingi313Iron2 Publications1
    Metal bindingi315Iron2 Publications1
    Metal bindingi374Iron2 Publications1
    Binding sitei3832-oxoglutarate1 Publication1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Zinc fingeri21 – 58MYND-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST38

    GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    Complete GO annotation...

    Keywords - Molecular functioni

    Dioxygenase, Oxidoreductase

    Keywords - Ligandi

    Iron, Metal-binding, Vitamin C, Zinc

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyciZFISH:ENSG00000135766-MONOMER.
    BRENDAi1.14.11.2. 2681.
    1.14.11.29. 2681.
    ReactomeiR-HSA-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Egl nine homolog 1 (EC:1.14.11.291 Publication)
    Alternative name(s):
    Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase 2
    Short name:
    HIF-PH2
    Short name:
    HIF-prolyl hydroxylase 2
    Short name:
    HPH-2
    Prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing protein 2
    Short name:
    PHD2
    SM-20
    Gene namesi
    Name:EGLN1Imported
    Synonyms:C1orf12
    ORF Names:PNAS-118, PNAS-137
    OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
    Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
    Proteomesi
    • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 1

    Organism-specific databases

    HGNCiHGNC:1232. EGLN1.

    Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    • cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB
    • cytosol Source: Reactome
    • nucleus Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
    Complete GO annotation...

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm, Nucleus

    Pathology & Biotechi

    Involvement in diseasei

    Erythrocytosis, familial, 3 (ECYT3)2 Publications
    The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Disease descriptionAn autosomal dominant disorder characterized by increased serum red blood cell mass, elevated serum hemoglobin and hematocrit, and normal serum erythropoietin levels.
    See also OMIM:609820
    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Natural variantiVAR_027371317P → R in ECYT3; marked decrease in enzyme activity. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs80358193dbSNPEnsembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_045902371R → H in ECYT3; decreased interaction with HIF1A and HIF2A and decreased enzyme activity. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs119476044dbSNPEnsembl.1

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Mutagenesisi201C → A: Little change in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi208C → A: Little change in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi252R → A: Reduced C-terminal ODD domain (CODD) hydroxylation of HIF1A. 1
    Mutagenesisi254D → A or K: Reduced C-terminal ODD domain (CODD) hxdroxylation of HIF1A. 1
    Mutagenesisi266C → A: Little change in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi283C → A: Little change in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi302C → A: Slight increase in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi303Y → F: No effect. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi323C → A: Little change in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi326C → A: Slight increase in enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi383R → A: Reduces enzyme activity by 95%. 1 Publication1

    Keywords - Diseasei

    Congenital erythrocytosis, Disease mutation

    Organism-specific databases

    DisGeNETi54583.
    MalaCardsiEGLN1.
    MIMi609820. phenotype.
    OpenTargetsiENSG00000135766.
    Orphaneti247511. Autosomal dominant secondary polycythemia.
    PharmGKBiPA27670.

    Chemistry databases

    ChEMBLiCHEMBL5697.
    DrugBankiDB00126. Vitamin C.
    GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi2833.

    Polymorphism and mutation databases

    BioMutaiEGLN1.
    DMDMi32129514.

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Initiator methionineiRemovedCombined sources
    ChainiPRO_00002066612 – 426Egl nine homolog 1Add BLAST425

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Modified residuei2N-acetylalanineCombined sources1
    Modified residuei12PhosphoserineCombined sources1
    Modified residuei125PhosphoserineCombined sources1
    Modified residuei201S-nitrosocysteine1 Publication1
    Modified residuei208S-nitrosocysteine1 Publication1
    Modified residuei302S-nitrosocysteine1 Publication1
    Modified residuei323S-nitrosocysteine1 Publication1
    Modified residuei326S-nitrosocysteine1 Publication1

    Post-translational modificationi

    S-nitrosylation inhibits the enzyme activity up to 60% under aerobic conditions. Chelation of Fe2+ has no effect on the S-nitrosylation. It is uncertain whether nitrosylation occurs on Cys-323 or Cys-326.1 Publication

    Keywords - PTMi

    Acetylation, Phosphoprotein, S-nitrosylation

    Proteomic databases

    EPDiQ9GZT9.
    PaxDbiQ9GZT9.
    PeptideAtlasiQ9GZT9.
    PRIDEiQ9GZT9.

    PTM databases

    iPTMnetiQ9GZT9.
    PhosphoSitePlusiQ9GZT9.

    Expressioni

    Tissue specificityi

    According to PubMed:11056053, widely expressed with highest levels in skeletal muscle and heart, moderate levels in pancreas, brain (dopaminergic neurons of adult and fetal substantia nigra) and kidney, and lower levels in lung and liver. According to PubMed:12351678 widely expressed with highest levels in brain, kidney and adrenal gland. Expressed in cardiac myocytes, aortic endothelial cells and coronary artery smooth muscle. According to PubMed:12788921; expressed in adult and fetal heart, brain, liver, lung, skeletal muscle and kidney. Also expressed in placenta. Highest levels in adult heart, brain, lung and liver and fetal brain, heart spleen and skeletal muscle.5 Publications

    Gene expression databases

    BgeeiENSG00000135766.
    CleanExiHS_EGLN1.
    ExpressionAtlasiQ9GZT9. baseline and differential.
    GenevisibleiQ9GZT9. HS.

    Organism-specific databases

    HPAiHPA022129.

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    Monomer. Interacts with ING4; the interaction inhibits the hydroxylation of HIF alpha proteins. Interacts with PTGES3 (via PXLE motif); thereby recruiting EGLN1 to the HSP90 pathway to facilitate HIF alpha proteins hydroxylation. Interacts with LIMD1. Found in a complex composed of LIMD1, VHL, EGLN1/PHD2, TCEB2 and CUL2. Interacts with EPAS1. Interacts with CBFA2T3 (PubMed:25974097). Interacts with HIF1A (PubMed:25974097).8 Publications

    Binary interactionsi

    WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
    Q9WMX23EBI-1174818,EBI-6863748From a different organism.
    EPAS1Q998142EBI-1174818,EBI-447470
    FKBP8Q143186EBI-1174818,EBI-724839
    HIF1AQ166654EBI-1174818,EBI-447269
    OS9Q134384EBI-1174818,EBI-725454

    GO - Molecular functioni

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi120060. 32 interactors.
    DIPiDIP-37495N.
    IntActiQ9GZT9. 14 interactors.
    MINTiMINT-1206232.
    STRINGi9606.ENSP00000355601.

    Chemistry databases

    BindingDBiQ9GZT9.

    Structurei

    Secondary structure

    1426
    Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
    Show more details
    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Helixi190 – 196Combined sources7
    Helixi198 – 205Combined sources8
    Beta strandi206 – 214Combined sources9
    Helixi216 – 231Combined sources16
    Beta strandi240 – 242Combined sources3
    Helixi247 – 249Combined sources3
    Beta strandi255 – 259Combined sources5
    Helixi267 – 283Combined sources17
    Turni284 – 286Combined sources3
    Beta strandi287 – 289Combined sources3
    Beta strandi292 – 295Combined sources4
    Beta strandi298 – 303Combined sources6
    Beta strandi305 – 313Combined sources9
    Beta strandi315 – 318Combined sources4
    Beta strandi321 – 329Combined sources9
    Beta strandi331 – 333Combined sources3
    Helixi336 – 339Combined sources4
    Beta strandi343 – 345Combined sources3
    Beta strandi348 – 351Combined sources4
    Beta strandi354 – 356Combined sources3
    Beta strandi362 – 367Combined sources6
    Beta strandi374 – 381Combined sources8
    Beta strandi383 – 392Combined sources10
    Helixi393 – 402Combined sources10
    Helixi407 – 409Combined sources3

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:
    PDBei
    RCSB PDBi
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    2G19X-ray1.70A181-417[»]
    2G1MX-ray2.20A181-426[»]
    2HBTX-ray1.60A188-426[»]
    2HBUX-ray1.85A188-426[»]
    2Y33X-ray2.00A181-426[»]
    2Y34X-ray2.01A181-426[»]
    3HQRX-ray2.00A181-426[»]
    3HQUX-ray2.30A181-426[»]
    3OUHX-ray2.51A181-416[»]
    3OUIX-ray1.70A181-392[»]
    3OUJX-ray2.30A181-416[»]
    4BQWX-ray1.79A181-426[»]
    4BQXX-ray1.79A181-426[»]
    4BQYX-ray1.53A181-426[»]
    4JZRX-ray2.10A189-399[»]
    4KBZX-ray2.15A184-419[»]
    4UWDX-ray1.72A181-426[»]
    5A3UX-ray3.30A/B/C181-426[»]
    5L9BX-ray1.95A/B181-426[»]
    5L9RX-ray1.81A181-426[»]
    5L9VX-ray1.83A/B181-426[»]
    5LA9X-ray2.81A/B181-426[»]
    5LASX-ray2.10A/B181-426[»]
    5LATX-ray1.90A181-426[»]
    5LB6X-ray1.70A181-426[»]
    5LBBX-ray1.70A181-426[»]
    5LBCX-ray1.82A181-426[»]
    5LBEX-ray1.75A181-426[»]
    5LBFX-ray1.90A181-426[»]
    ProteinModelPortaliQ9GZT9.
    SMRiQ9GZT9.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Miscellaneous databases

    EvolutionaryTraceiQ9GZT9.

    Family & Domainsi

    Domains and Repeats

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Domaini291 – 392Fe2OG dioxygenasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST102

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Regioni6 – 20Required for nuclear exportAdd BLAST15
    Regioni241 – 251Beta(2)beta(3) 'finger-like' loop1 PublicationAdd BLAST11

    Domaini

    The beta2beta3 'finger-like' loop domain is important for substrate (HIFs' CODD/NODD) selectivity.1 Publication

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Contains 1 Fe2OG dioxygenase domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
    Contains 1 MYND-type zinc finger.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

    Zinc finger

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Zinc fingeri21 – 58MYND-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST38

    Keywords - Domaini

    Zinc-finger

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiKOG3710. Eukaryota.
    ENOG410ZHZN. LUCA.
    GeneTreeiENSGT00390000001936.
    HOGENOMiHOG000004818.
    HOVERGENiHBG051455.
    InParanoidiQ9GZT9.
    KOiK09592.
    OMAiVCQGSEG.
    OrthoDBiEOG091G03SP.
    PhylomeDBiQ9GZT9.
    TreeFamiTF314595.

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiIPR005123. Oxoglu/Fe-dep_dioxygenase.
    IPR006620. Pro_4_hyd_alph.
    IPR002893. Znf_MYND.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF13640. 2OG-FeII_Oxy_3. 1 hit.
    PF01753. zf-MYND. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SMARTiSM00702. P4Hc. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    PROSITEiPS51471. FE2OG_OXY. 1 hit.
    PS01360. ZF_MYND_1. 1 hit.
    PS50865. ZF_MYND_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]

    Sequences (3)i

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    This entry describes 3 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

    Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9GZT9-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

    « Hide

            10         20         30         40         50
    MANDSGGPGG PSPSERDRQY CELCGKMENL LRCSRCRSSF YCCKEHQRQD
    60 70 80 90 100
    WKKHKLVCQG SEGALGHGVG PHQHSGPAPP AAVPPPRAGA REPRKAAARR
    110 120 130 140 150
    DNASGDAAKG KVKAKPPADP AAAASPCRAA AGGQGSAVAA EAEPGKEEPP
    160 170 180 190 200
    ARSSLFQEKA NLYPPSNTPG DALSPGGGLR PNGQTKPLPA LKLALEYIVP
    210 220 230 240 250
    CMNKHGICVV DDFLGKETGQ QIGDEVRALH DTGKFTDGQL VSQKSDSSKD
    260 270 280 290 300
    IRGDKITWIE GKEPGCETIG LLMSSMDDLI RHCNGKLGSY KINGRTKAMV
    310 320 330 340 350
    ACYPGNGTGY VRHVDNPNGD GRCVTCIYYL NKDWDAKVSG GILRIFPEGK
    360 370 380 390 400
    AQFADIEPKF DRLLFFWSDR RNPHEVQPAY ATRYAITVWY FDADERARAK
    410 420
    VKYLTGEKGV RVELNKPSDS VGKDVF
    Length:426
    Mass (Da):46,021
    Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
    Checksum:i81A97FF772CAA14C
    GO
    Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9GZT9-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
         338-359: Missing.

    Note: Inactive isoform.
    Show »
    Length:404
    Mass (Da):43,666
    Checksum:i32B08D27CD89A8B9
    GO
    Isoform 3 (identifier: Q9GZT9-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
         58-175: CQGSEGALGH...SNTPGDALSP → LLGGYRFAFSWNSDERA

    Note: No experimental confirmation available.
    Show »
    Length:325
    Mass (Da):36,486
    Checksum:i116F684A91222E6A
    GO

    Sequence cautioni

    The sequence AAK07534 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
    The sequence AAK07536 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at position 239.Curated

    Polymorphismi

    Variations in EGLN1 are associated with adaptation to high altitude (PubMed:20838600, PubMed:20466884, PubMed:24711448, PubMed:25129147). High-altitude hypoxia (reduced inspired oxygen tension due to decreased barometric pressure) exerts severe physiological stress on the human body and leads to an elevation of hematocrit levels and an increased number of erythrocytes (polycythemia) in non-adapted individuals. Genetic variations in EGLN1 contribute to adaptation to high altitute by maintaining hematocrit levels comparable to those for populations living at sea level and are present in two high-altitude regions where humans have lived for millennia, the Andean Altiplano and the Tibetan Plateau (PubMed:20838600, PubMed:20466884). Variants Glu-4 and Ser-127, which are frequently associated together and are present in the majority of Tibetan populations, participate in adaptation to high altitude (PubMed:24711448, PubMed:25129147). Molecular mechanisms explaining this adaptation are however unclear. According to a report, variants Glu-4 and Ser-127 lead to decreased interaction with PTGES3 and subsequent decrease of HIF alpha proteins degradation (PubMed:24711448). According to a second report, Glu-4 and Ser-127 haplotype enhances the catalytic activity under hypoxic conditions, promoting increased HIF alpha proteins degradation, thereby abrogating hypoxia-induced and HIF alpha-mediated augmentation of erythropoiesis and protecting Tibetans from polycythemia at high altitude (PubMed:25129147).Curated4 Publications

    Natural variant

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Natural variantiVAR_0718584D → E Polymorphism present in the majority of Tibetans; increased protection from polycythemia at high altitude; when associated with S-127. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs186996510dbSNPEnsembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_071859127C → S Polymorphism present in the majority of Tibetans; increased protection from polycythemia at high altitude; when associated with E-4. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant rs12097901dbSNPEnsembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_027371317P → R in ECYT3; marked decrease in enzyme activity. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs80358193dbSNPEnsembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_045902371R → H in ECYT3; decreased interaction with HIF1A and HIF2A and decreased enzyme activity. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs119476044dbSNPEnsembl.1

    Alternative sequence

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Alternative sequenceiVSP_04219158 – 175CQGSE…DALSP → LLGGYRFAFSWNSDERA in isoform 3. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST118
    Alternative sequenceiVSP_007569338 – 359Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST22

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF246631, AF246630 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG34568.1.
    AF229245 mRNA. Translation: AAG33965.1.
    AJ310543 mRNA. Translation: CAC42509.1.
    AL833885 mRNA. Translation: CAD38741.2.
    AF277174 mRNA. Translation: AAK07534.1. Different initiation.
    AF277176 mRNA. Translation: AAK07536.1. Frameshift.
    AL117352, AL445524 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI23092.1.
    AL445524, AL117352 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAH72105.1.
    CCDSiCCDS1595.1. [Q9GZT9-1]
    RefSeqiNP_071334.1. NM_022051.2. [Q9GZT9-1]
    UniGeneiHs.444450.

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENST00000366641; ENSP00000355601; ENSG00000135766. [Q9GZT9-1]
    GeneIDi54583.
    KEGGihsa:54583.

    Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

    Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

    Cross-referencesi

    Web resourcesi

    Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF246631, AF246630 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG34568.1.
    AF229245 mRNA. Translation: AAG33965.1.
    AJ310543 mRNA. Translation: CAC42509.1.
    AL833885 mRNA. Translation: CAD38741.2.
    AF277174 mRNA. Translation: AAK07534.1. Different initiation.
    AF277176 mRNA. Translation: AAK07536.1. Frameshift.
    AL117352, AL445524 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI23092.1.
    AL445524, AL117352 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAH72105.1.
    CCDSiCCDS1595.1. [Q9GZT9-1]
    RefSeqiNP_071334.1. NM_022051.2. [Q9GZT9-1]
    UniGeneiHs.444450.

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:
    PDBei
    RCSB PDBi
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    2G19X-ray1.70A181-417[»]
    2G1MX-ray2.20A181-426[»]
    2HBTX-ray1.60A188-426[»]
    2HBUX-ray1.85A188-426[»]
    2Y33X-ray2.00A181-426[»]
    2Y34X-ray2.01A181-426[»]
    3HQRX-ray2.00A181-426[»]
    3HQUX-ray2.30A181-426[»]
    3OUHX-ray2.51A181-416[»]
    3OUIX-ray1.70A181-392[»]
    3OUJX-ray2.30A181-416[»]
    4BQWX-ray1.79A181-426[»]
    4BQXX-ray1.79A181-426[»]
    4BQYX-ray1.53A181-426[»]
    4JZRX-ray2.10A189-399[»]
    4KBZX-ray2.15A184-419[»]
    4UWDX-ray1.72A181-426[»]
    5A3UX-ray3.30A/B/C181-426[»]
    5L9BX-ray1.95A/B181-426[»]
    5L9RX-ray1.81A181-426[»]
    5L9VX-ray1.83A/B181-426[»]
    5LA9X-ray2.81A/B181-426[»]
    5LASX-ray2.10A/B181-426[»]
    5LATX-ray1.90A181-426[»]
    5LB6X-ray1.70A181-426[»]
    5LBBX-ray1.70A181-426[»]
    5LBCX-ray1.82A181-426[»]
    5LBEX-ray1.75A181-426[»]
    5LBFX-ray1.90A181-426[»]
    ProteinModelPortaliQ9GZT9.
    SMRiQ9GZT9.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi120060. 32 interactors.
    DIPiDIP-37495N.
    IntActiQ9GZT9. 14 interactors.
    MINTiMINT-1206232.
    STRINGi9606.ENSP00000355601.

    Chemistry databases

    BindingDBiQ9GZT9.
    ChEMBLiCHEMBL5697.
    DrugBankiDB00126. Vitamin C.
    GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi2833.

    PTM databases

    iPTMnetiQ9GZT9.
    PhosphoSitePlusiQ9GZT9.

    Polymorphism and mutation databases

    BioMutaiEGLN1.
    DMDMi32129514.

    Proteomic databases

    EPDiQ9GZT9.
    PaxDbiQ9GZT9.
    PeptideAtlasiQ9GZT9.
    PRIDEiQ9GZT9.

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENST00000366641; ENSP00000355601; ENSG00000135766. [Q9GZT9-1]
    GeneIDi54583.
    KEGGihsa:54583.

    Organism-specific databases

    CTDi54583.
    DisGeNETi54583.
    GeneCardsiEGLN1.
    H-InvDBHIX0159985.
    HGNCiHGNC:1232. EGLN1.
    HPAiHPA022129.
    MalaCardsiEGLN1.
    MIMi606425. gene.
    609820. phenotype.
    neXtProtiNX_Q9GZT9.
    OpenTargetsiENSG00000135766.
    Orphaneti247511. Autosomal dominant secondary polycythemia.
    PharmGKBiPA27670.
    GenAtlasiSearch...

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiKOG3710. Eukaryota.
    ENOG410ZHZN. LUCA.
    GeneTreeiENSGT00390000001936.
    HOGENOMiHOG000004818.
    HOVERGENiHBG051455.
    InParanoidiQ9GZT9.
    KOiK09592.
    OMAiVCQGSEG.
    OrthoDBiEOG091G03SP.
    PhylomeDBiQ9GZT9.
    TreeFamiTF314595.

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyciZFISH:ENSG00000135766-MONOMER.
    BRENDAi1.14.11.2. 2681.
    1.14.11.29. 2681.
    ReactomeiR-HSA-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.

    Miscellaneous databases

    ChiTaRSiEGLN1. human.
    EvolutionaryTraceiQ9GZT9.
    GeneWikiiEGLN1.
    GenomeRNAii54583.
    PROiQ9GZT9.
    SOURCEiSearch...

    Gene expression databases

    BgeeiENSG00000135766.
    CleanExiHS_EGLN1.
    ExpressionAtlasiQ9GZT9. baseline and differential.
    GenevisibleiQ9GZT9. HS.

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiIPR005123. Oxoglu/Fe-dep_dioxygenase.
    IPR006620. Pro_4_hyd_alph.
    IPR002893. Znf_MYND.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF13640. 2OG-FeII_Oxy_3. 1 hit.
    PF01753. zf-MYND. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SMARTiSM00702. P4Hc. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    PROSITEiPS51471. FE2OG_OXY. 1 hit.
    PS01360. ZF_MYND_1. 1 hit.
    PS50865. ZF_MYND_2. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    ProtoNetiSearch...

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiEGLN1_HUMAN
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9GZT9
    Secondary accession number(s): Q8N3M8, Q9BZS8, Q9BZT0
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 16, 2003
    Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
    Last modified: November 30, 2016
    This is version 158 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
    DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

    Miscellaneousi

    Caution

    It was previously reported that this protein was the ortholog of rat SM-20. However, EGLN3 is now considered the true ortholog of rat SM-20 since it shows substantially greater similarity.Curated

    Keywords - Technical termi

    3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. Human chromosome 1
      Human chromosome 1: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
    2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
      List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
      Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    4. MIM cross-references
      Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    5. PDB cross-references
      Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
    6. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    Similar proteinsi

    Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
    100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
    90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
    50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.