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Protein

Calpain-1 catalytic subunit

Gene

CAPN1

Organism
Macaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Calcium-regulated non-lysosomal thiol-protease which catalyze limited proteolysis of substrates involved in cytoskeletal remodeling and signal transduction.By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Broad endopeptidase specificity.

Cofactori

Ca2+By similarityNote: Binds 4 Ca2+ ions.By similarity

Enzyme regulationi

Activated by micromolar concentrations of calcium and inhibited by calpastatin.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei115By similarity1
Active sitei272By similarity1
Active sitei296By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Calcium bindingi99 – 1061PROSITE-ProRule annotation8
Calcium bindingi302 – 3332PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST32
Calcium bindingi598 – 6093PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12
Calcium bindingi628 – 6394PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Protease, Thiol protease
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi3.4.22.52. 1793.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiC02.001.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Calpain-1 catalytic subunit (EC:3.4.22.52)
Alternative name(s):
Calcium-activated neutral proteinase 1
Short name:
CANP 1
Calpain mu-type
Calpain-1 large subunit
Micromolar-calpain
Short name:
muCANP
Gene namesi
Name:CAPN1
Synonyms:CANPL1
ORF Names:QccE-12457
OrganismiMacaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
Taxonomic identifieri9541 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMacaca

Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasm By similarity
  • Cell membrane By similarity

  • Note: Translocates to the plasma membrane upon Ca2+ binding.By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00002076951 – 714Calpain-1 catalytic subunitAdd BLAST714

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei354PhosphothreonineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Undergoes calcium-induced successive autoproteolytic cleavages that generate a membrane-bound 78 kDa active form and an intracellular 75 kDa active form. Calpastatin reduces with high efficiency the transition from 78 kDa to 75 kDa calpain forms (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sitei15 – 16Cleavage; for 78 kDa formBy similarity2
Sitei27 – 28Cleavage; for 75 kDa formBy similarity2

Keywords - PTMi

Autocatalytic cleavage, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ9GLG2.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitous.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Forms a heterodimer with a small (regulatory) subunit (CAPNS1).

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9GLG2.
SMRiQ9GLG2.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini55 – 354Calpain catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST300
Domaini541 – 576EF-hand 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini585 – 618EF-hand 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST34
Domaini615 – 650EF-hand 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini680 – 714EF-hand 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST35

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni355 – 526Domain IIIAdd BLAST172
Regioni527 – 542LinkerAdd BLAST16
Regioni543 – 713Domain IVAdd BLAST171

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase C2 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG012645.
KOiK01367.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00214. Calpain_III. 1 hit.
cd00044. CysPc. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR033883. C2_III.
IPR022684. Calpain_cysteine_protease.
IPR022682. Calpain_domain_III.
IPR022683. Calpain_III.
IPR029643. CAPN1.
IPR011992. EF-hand-dom_pair.
IPR018247. EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS.
IPR002048. EF_hand_dom.
IPR000169. Pept_cys_AS.
IPR001300. Peptidase_C2_calpain_cat.
PANTHERiPTHR10183:SF343. PTHR10183:SF343. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01067. Calpain_III. 1 hit.
PF13833. EF-hand_8. 1 hit.
PF00648. Peptidase_C2. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00704. CALPAIN.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00720. calpain_III. 1 hit.
SM00230. CysPc. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF47473. SSF47473. 1 hit.
SSF49758. SSF49758. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50203. CALPAIN_CAT. 1 hit.
PS00018. EF_HAND_1. 2 hits.
PS50222. EF_HAND_2. 4 hits.
PS00139. THIOL_PROTEASE_CYS. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9GLG2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MAEEIITPVY CTGVSAQVQK QRAKELGLGR HENAIKYLGQ DYEQLRARCL
60 70 80 90 100
QSGTLFRDEA FPPVPQSLGF KDLGPNSSKT YGIKWKRPTE LLSNPQFIVD
110 120 130 140 150
GATRTDICQG ALGDCWLLAA IASLTLNDTL LHRVVPHGQS FQNGYAGIFH
160 170 180 190 200
FQLWQFGEWV DVVVDDLLPI KDGKLVFVHS AEGNEFWSAL LEKAYAKVNG
210 220 230 240 250
SYESLSGGST SEGFEDFTGG VTEWYELRKA PSDLYQIILK ALERGSLLGC
260 270 280 290 300
SIDISSVLDM EAITFKKLVK GHAYSVTGAK QVNYRGQMVN LIRMRNPWGE
310 320 330 340 350
VEWTGAWSDS SSEWNSVDPY EREQLRVKME DGEFWMSFRD FMREFTRLEI
360 370 380 390 400
CNLTPDALKS RTIRKWNTTL YEGTWRRGST AGGCRNYPAT FWVNPQFKIR
410 420 430 440 450
LDETDDPDDY GDRESGCSFV LALMQKHRRR ERRFGRDMET IGFAVYEVPP
460 470 480 490 500
ELVGQPALHL KRDFFLANAS RARSEQFINL REVSTRFRLP PGEYVVVPST
510 520 530 540 550
FEPNKEGDFV LRFFSEKSAG TAELDDQIQA NLPDEQVLSE EEIDENFKAL
560 570 580 590 600
FRQLAGEDME ISVKELRTIL NRIISKHKDL RTKGFSLESC RSMVNLMDRD
610 620 630 640 650
GNGKLGLVEF NILWNRIRNY LSIFRKFDLD KSGSMSAYEM RMAIESAGFK
660 670 680 690 700
LNKKLYELII TRYSEPDLAV DFDNFVCCLV RLETMFRFFK TLDTDLDGVV
710
TFDLFKWLQL TMFA
Length:714
Mass (Da):81,850
Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
Checksum:i834690C214DE7AD8
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF284440 mRNA. Translation: AAG22770.1.
AB169651 mRNA. Translation: BAE01732.1.
RefSeqiNP_001272270.1. NM_001285341.1.
XP_005577362.2. XM_005577305.2.
XP_005577364.1. XM_005577307.2.
XP_015289607.1. XM_015434121.1.
XP_015289608.1. XM_015434122.1.
XP_015289609.1. XM_015434123.1.
UniGeneiMfa.867.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi101867512.
KEGGimcf:101867512.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCAN1_MACFA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9GLG2
Secondary accession number(s): Q4R593
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 19, 2003
Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
Last modified: August 30, 2017
This is version 104 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families