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Q9BYG4

- PAR6G_HUMAN

UniProt

Q9BYG4 - PAR6G_HUMAN

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Protein

Partitioning defective 6 homolog gamma

Gene

PARD6G

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5- Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Adapter protein involved in asymmetrical cell division and cell polarization processes. May play a role in the formation of epithelial tight junctions. The PARD6-PARD3 complex links GTP-bound Rho small GTPases to atypical protein kinase C proteins By similarity.By similarity

GO - Biological processi

  1. cell-cell junction organization Source: Reactome
  2. cell cycle Source: UniProtKB-KW
  3. cell division Source: UniProtKB-KW
  4. cell junction assembly Source: Reactome
  5. tight junction assembly Source: Reactome
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Biological processi

Cell cycle, Cell division

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiREACT_19373. Tight junction interactions.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Partitioning defective 6 homolog gamma
Short name:
PAR-6 gamma
Alternative name(s):
PAR6D
Gene namesi
Name:PARD6G
Synonyms:PAR6G
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
ProteomesiUP000005640: Chromosome 18

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:16076. PARD6G.

Subcellular locationi

Cytoplasm. Cell membrane By similarity. Cell junctiontight junction By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytosol Source: Reactome
  2. plasma membrane Source: Reactome
  3. protein complex Source: Ensembl
  4. tight junction Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane, Tight junction

Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

PharmGKBiPA32939.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 376376Partitioning defective 6 homolog gammaPRO_0000112518Add
BLAST

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9BYG4.
PRIDEiQ9BYG4.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ9BYG4.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Widely expressed, with a higher expression in fetal and adult kidney.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ9BYG4.
CleanExiHS_PARD6G.
ExpressionAtlasiQ9BYG4. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ9BYG4.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA047017.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with PARD3 Probable. Interacts with GTP-bound forms of CDC42, ARHQ/TC10 and RAC1. Interacts with the N-terminal part of PRKCI and PRKCZ.2 PublicationsCurated

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
CDC42P609535EBI-295417,EBI-81752
MARK2Q7KZI72EBI-295417,EBI-516560
MARK4Q96L342EBI-295417,EBI-302319
PARD3Q8TEW03EBI-295417,EBI-81968
PRKCIP417435EBI-295417,EBI-286199
PRKCZQ055132EBI-295417,EBI-295351
RAC1P630002EBI-295417,EBI-413628
YWHAHQ049172EBI-295417,EBI-306940

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi124135. 18 interactions.
IntActiQ9BYG4. 14 interactions.
MINTiMINT-2816681.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000343144.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9BYG4.
SMRiQ9BYG4. Positions 17-98, 154-251.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Domaini18 – 9881OPRAdd
BLAST
Domaini134 – 15118Pseudo-CRIBAdd
BLAST
Domaini158 – 25194PDZPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd
BLAST

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni127 – 254128Interaction with PARD3 and CDC42By similarityAdd
BLAST

Domaini

The pseudo-CRIB domain together with the PDZ domain is required for the interaction with Rho small GTPases.By similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PAR6 family.Curated
Contains 1 OPR domain.Curated
Contains 1 PDZ (DHR) domain.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Contains 1 pseudo-CRIB domain.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiNOG315424.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005255.
HOGENOMiHOG000231716.
HOVERGENiHBG053509.
InParanoidiQ9BYG4.
KOiK06093.
OMAiFHKSQTL.
OrthoDBiEOG73JKWB.
PhylomeDBiQ9BYG4.
TreeFamiTF312899.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.30.42.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000270. OPR_PB1.
IPR001478. PDZ.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00564. PB1. 1 hit.
PF00595. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SMARTiSM00666. PB1. 1 hit.
SM00228. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF50156. SSF50156. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS50106. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. Align

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9BYG4-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MNRSFHKSQT LRFYDCSAVE VKSKFGAEFR RFSLDRHKPG KFEDFYKLVV
60 70 80 90 100
HTHHISNSDV TIGYADVHGD LLPINNDDNF CKAVSSANPL LRVFIQKREE
110 120 130 140 150
AERGSLGAGS LCRRRRALGA LRDEGPRRRA HLDIGLPRDF RPVSSIIDVD
160 170 180 190 200
LVPETHRRVR LHRHGCEKPL GFYIRDGASV RVTPHGLEKV PGIFISRMVP
210 220 230 240 250
GGLAESTGLL AVNDEVLEVN GIEVAGKTLD QVTDMMIANS HNLIVTVKPA
260 270 280 290 300
NQRNNVVRGG RALGSSGPPS DGTAGFVGPP APRVLQNFHP DEAESDEDND
310 320 330 340 350
VVIEGTLEPA RPPQTPGAPA GSLSRVNGAG LAQRLQRDLA LDGGLQRLLS
360 370
SLRADPRHSL ALPPGGVEEH GPAVTL
Length:376
Mass (Da):40,883
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v1
Checksum:iE5A4EF521403CA11
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9BYG4-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     99-107: EEAERGSLG → DDGALRPGT
     108-376: Missing.

Show »
Length:107
Mass (Da):12,243
Checksum:i55FF2570EA829289
GO

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Alternative sequencei99 – 1079EEAERGSLG → DDGALRPGT in isoform 2. 1 PublicationVSP_047586
Alternative sequencei108 – 376269Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationVSP_047587Add
BLAST

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
AB044556 mRNA. Translation: BAB40757.1.
AB178536 mRNA. Translation: BAF92015.1.
AC139100 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
BC060797 mRNA. Translation: AAH60797.1.
CCDSiCCDS12022.1. [Q9BYG4-1]
RefSeqiNP_115899.1. NM_032510.3. [Q9BYG4-1]
UniGeneiHs.654920.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000353265; ENSP00000343144; ENSG00000178184. [Q9BYG4-1]
ENST00000470488; ENSP00000468735; ENSG00000178184. [Q9BYG4-2]
GeneIDi84552.
KEGGihsa:84552.
UCSCiuc002lny.3. human. [Q9BYG4-1]

Polymorphism databases

DMDMi30913175.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
AB044556 mRNA. Translation: BAB40757.1 .
AB178536 mRNA. Translation: BAF92015.1 .
AC139100 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
BC060797 mRNA. Translation: AAH60797.1 .
CCDSi CCDS12022.1. [Q9BYG4-1 ]
RefSeqi NP_115899.1. NM_032510.3. [Q9BYG4-1 ]
UniGenei Hs.654920.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali Q9BYG4.
SMRi Q9BYG4. Positions 17-98, 154-251.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi 124135. 18 interactions.
IntActi Q9BYG4. 14 interactions.
MINTi MINT-2816681.
STRINGi 9606.ENSP00000343144.

PTM databases

PhosphoSitei Q9BYG4.

Polymorphism databases

DMDMi 30913175.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbi Q9BYG4.
PRIDEi Q9BYG4.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

Ensembli ENST00000353265 ; ENSP00000343144 ; ENSG00000178184 . [Q9BYG4-1 ]
ENST00000470488 ; ENSP00000468735 ; ENSG00000178184 . [Q9BYG4-2 ]
GeneIDi 84552.
KEGGi hsa:84552.
UCSCi uc002lny.3. human. [Q9BYG4-1 ]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi 84552.
GeneCardsi GC18M077915.
H-InvDB HIX0020684.
HGNCi HGNC:16076. PARD6G.
HPAi HPA047017.
MIMi 608976. gene.
neXtProti NX_Q9BYG4.
PharmGKBi PA32939.
GenAtlasi Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi NOG315424.
GeneTreei ENSGT00390000005255.
HOGENOMi HOG000231716.
HOVERGENi HBG053509.
InParanoidi Q9BYG4.
KOi K06093.
OMAi FHKSQTL.
OrthoDBi EOG73JKWB.
PhylomeDBi Q9BYG4.
TreeFami TF312899.

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactomei REACT_19373. Tight junction interactions.

Miscellaneous databases

GenomeRNAii 84552.
NextBioi 35465103.
PROi Q9BYG4.
SOURCEi Search...

Gene expression databases

Bgeei Q9BYG4.
CleanExi HS_PARD6G.
ExpressionAtlasi Q9BYG4. baseline and differential.
Genevestigatori Q9BYG4.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 2.30.42.10. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR000270. OPR_PB1.
IPR001478. PDZ.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF00564. PB1. 1 hit.
PF00595. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SMARTi SM00666. PB1. 1 hit.
SM00228. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SUPFAMi SSF50156. SSF50156. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS50106. PDZ. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Human homologues of the Caenorhabditis elegans cell polarity protein PAR6 as an adaptor that links the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42 to atypical protein kinase C."
    Noda Y., Takeya R., Ohno S., Naito S., Ito T., Sumimoto H.
    Genes Cells 6:107-119(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1), INTERACTION WITH RAC1; CDC42; PRKCI AND PRKCZ.
    Tissue: Neuroblastoma.
  2. "Splicing variants of the cell polarity protein PAR-6."
    Noda Y., Kohjima M., Izaki T., Sumimoto H.
    Submitted (MAY-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 2).
  3. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  4. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
    The MGC Project Team
    Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1).
    Tissue: Placenta.
  5. "The cell-polarity protein Par6 links Par3 and atypical protein kinase C to Cdc42."
    Joberty G., Petersen C., Gao L., Macara I.G.
    Nat. Cell Biol. 2:531-539(2000) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INTERACTION WITH ARHQ.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPAR6G_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9BYG4
Secondary accession number(s): A8QM57
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 16, 2003
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: October 29, 2014
This is version 108 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 18
    Human chromosome 18: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3