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Q9BDE0

- TYRO_GORGO

UniProt

Q9BDE0 - TYRO_GORGO

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Protein

Tyrosinase

Gene

TYR

Organism
Gorilla gorilla gorilla (Lowland gorilla)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 4 out of 5- Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

This is a copper-containing oxidase that functions in the formation of pigments such as melanins and other polyphenolic compounds. Catalyzes the rate-limiting conversions of tyrosine to DOPA, DOPA to DOPA-quinone and possibly 5,6-dihydroxyindole to indole-5,6 quinone.

Catalytic activityi

2 L-dopa + O2 = 2 dopaquinone + 2 H2O.
L-tyrosine + O2 = dopaquinone + H2O.

Cofactori

Binds 2 copper ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi180 – 1801Copper ABy similarity
Metal bindingi202 – 2021Copper ABy similarity
Metal bindingi211 – 2111Copper ABy similarity
Metal bindingi363 – 3631Copper BBy similarity
Metal bindingi367 – 3671Copper BBy similarity
Metal bindingi390 – 3901Copper BBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. metal ion binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. monophenol monooxygenase activity Source: UniProtKB-EC
  3. protein heterodimerization activity Source: UniProtKB
  4. protein homodimerization activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

  1. melanin biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Monooxygenase, Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Melanin biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

Copper, Metal-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tyrosinase (EC:1.14.18.1)
Alternative name(s):
Monophenol monooxygenase
Gene namesi
Name:TYR
OrganismiGorilla gorilla gorilla (Lowland gorilla)
Taxonomic identifieri9595 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeGorilla
ProteomesiUP000001519: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. integral component of membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. melanosome Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Defects in TYR are the cause of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA). The only known albino gorilla, called Floquet de Neu ('Snowflake') had white hair, pink skin and blue eyes (zoologic park of Barcelona, 1964-2003). No differences were found at the amino-acid level but the activity of this enzyme was lacking in 'Snowflake'.

Keywords - Diseasei

Albinism

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 1818Sequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Chaini19 – 529511TyrosinasePRO_0000035878Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi86 – 861N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi111 – 1111N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi161 – 1611N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi230 – 2301N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi337 – 3371N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis
Glycosylationi371 – 3711N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9BDE0.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Topological domain

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Topological domaini19 – 476458Lumenal, melanosomeSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini498 – 52932CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST

Transmembrane

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Transmembranei477 – 49721HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tyrosinase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG003553.
InParanoidiQ9BDE0.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1280.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR002227. Tyrosinase_Cu-bd.
IPR008922. Unchr_di-copper_centre.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00264. Tyrosinase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR00092. TYROSINASE.
SUPFAMiSSF48056. SSF48056. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00497. TYROSINASE_1. 1 hit.
PS00498. TYROSINASE_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9BDE0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MLLAVLYCLL WSFQTSAGHF PRACVSSKNL MEKECCPPWS GDRSPCGQLS
60 70 80 90 100
GRGSCQNILL SNAPLGPQFP FTGVDDRESW PSVFYNRTCQ CSGNFMGFNC
110 120 130 140 150
GNCKFGFWGP NCTERRLLVR RNIFDLSAPE KDKFFAYLTL AKHTISSDYV
160 170 180 190 200
IPIGTYGQMK NGSTPMFNDI NIYDLFVWMH YYVSMDALLG GSEIWRDIDF
210 220 230 240 250
AHEAPAFLPW HRLFLLRWEQ EIQKLTGDEN FTIPYWDWRD AEKCDICTDE
260 270 280 290 300
YMGGQHPTNP NLLSPASFFS SWQIVCSRLE EYNSHQSLCN GTPEGPLQRN
310 320 330 340 350
PGNHDKSRTP RLPSSADVEF CLSLTQYESG SMDKAANFSF RNTLEGFASP
360 370 380 390 400
LTGIADASQS SMHNALHIYM NGTMSQVQGS ANDPIFLLHH AFVDSIFEQW
410 420 430 440 450
LRRHRPLQEV YPEANAPIGH NRESYMVPFI PLYRNGDFFI SSKDLGYDYS
460 470 480 490 500
YLQDSDPDSF QDYIKSYLEQ ASRIWSWLLG AAMVGAVLTA LLAGLVSLLC
510 520
RHKRKQLPEE KQPLLMEKED YHSLYQSHL
Length:529
Mass (Da):60,365
Last modified:June 7, 2004 - v2
Checksum:iD1C574D63DFF8EBC
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti5 – 51V → A in AAG27271. 1 PublicationCurated
Sequence conflicti5 – 51V → I in AAX82902. 1 PublicationCurated
Sequence conflicti5 – 51V → I in AAX82905. 1 PublicationCurated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
AF237806
, AF237802, AF237803, AF237804, AF237805 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00804.1.
AF237796
, AF237792, AF237793, AF237794, AF237795 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00802.1.
AF237801
, AF237797, AF237798, AF237799, AF237800 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00803.1.
AY874469
, AY874465, AY874466, AY874468, AY874467 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAX82902.1.
AY874464
, AY874460, AY874462, AY874463, AY874461 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAX82905.1.
AF183601, AF183599, AF183600 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG27271.1.
AF183603, AF183602 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG27272.1.

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

Protein Spotlight

Snowy stardom - Issue 49 of August 2004

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
Links Updated
AF237806
, AF237802 , AF237803 , AF237804 , AF237805 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00804.1 .
AF237796
, AF237792 , AF237793 , AF237794 , AF237795 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00802.1 .
AF237801
, AF237797 , AF237798 , AF237799 , AF237800 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK00803.1 .
AY874469
, AY874465 , AY874466 , AY874468 , AY874467 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAX82902.1 .
AY874464
, AY874460 , AY874462 , AY874463 , AY874461 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAX82905.1 .
AF183601 , AF183599 , AF183600 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG27271.1 .
AF183603 , AF183602 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAG27272.1 .

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali Q9BDE0.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENi HBG003553.
InParanoidi Q9BDE0.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di 1.10.1280.10. 1 hit.
InterProi IPR002227. Tyrosinase_Cu-bd.
IPR008922. Unchr_di-copper_centre.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF00264. Tyrosinase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
PRINTSi PR00092. TYROSINASE.
SUPFAMi SSF48056. SSF48056. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS00497. TYROSINASE_1. 1 hit.
PS00498. TYROSINASE_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

  1. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA], INVOLVEMENT IN ALBINISM.
    Strain: Isolate Machinda, Isolate Ndengue and Isolate Snowflake.
    Tissue: Blood.
  2. "Analysis of 5' upstream regulatory sequences and LCR-like region of the Gorilla tyrosinase locus."
    Roy R., Cantero M., Montoliu L.
    Submitted (JAN-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: Isolate Snowflake and Isolate Urko.
  3. "Molecular evolution of tyrosinase gene in primates."
    Ding B., Ryder O.A., Shi P., Zhang Y.-P.
    Submitted (SEP-1999) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] OF 1-388 AND 396-529.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiTYRO_GORGO
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9BDE0
Secondary accession number(s): Q2KP17, Q9GLU5, Q9GLU6
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 7, 2004
Last sequence update: June 7, 2004
Last modified: October 29, 2014
This is version 72 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Protein Spotlight
    Protein Spotlight articles and cited UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3