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Protein

Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 6

Gene

B3GALT6

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase that transfers galactose from UDP-galactose to substrates with a terminal beta-linked galactose residue. Has a preference for galactose-beta-1,4-xylose that is found in the linker region of glycosaminoglycans, such as heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate. Has no activity towards substrates with terminal glucosamine or galactosamine residues.1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

UDP-alpha-D-galactose + 4-beta-D-galactosyl-O-beta-D-xylosyl-[protein] = UDP + 3-beta-D-galactosyl-4-beta-D-galactosyl-O-beta-D-xylosyl-[protein].

Cofactori

Mn2+1 Publication

Pathwayi: chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis and in Glycan metabolism.

Pathwayi: heparan sulfate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway heparan sulfate biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway heparan sulfate biosynthesis and in Glycan metabolism.

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Glycosyltransferase, Transferase

Keywords - Ligandi

Manganese

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:HS10991-MONOMER.
BRENDAi2.4.1.134. 2681.
ReactomeiR-HSA-1971475. A tetrasaccharide linker sequence is required for GAG synthesis.
R-HSA-4420332. Defective B3GALT6 causes EDSP2 and SEMDJL1.
UniPathwayiUPA00755.
UPA00756.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT31. Glycosyltransferase Family 31.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 6 (EC:2.4.1.134)
Short name:
Beta-1,3-GalTase 6
Short name:
Beta3Gal-T6
Short name:
Beta3GalT6
Alternative name(s):
GAG GalTII
Galactosyltransferase II
Galactosylxylosylprotein 3-beta-galactosyltransferase
UDP-Gal:betaGal beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase polypeptide 6
Gene namesi
Name:B3GALT6
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:17978. B3GALT6.

Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Topological domaini1 – 1111CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei12 – 3423Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence analysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini35 – 329295LumenalSequence analysisAdd
BLAST

GO - Cellular componenti

  • Golgi cisterna membrane Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
  • Golgi medial cisterna Source: UniProtKB
  • Golgi membrane Source: Reactome
  • integral component of membrane Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • membrane Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Golgi apparatus, Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid type, 2 (EDSP2)1 Publication
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA variant form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome characterized by an aged appearance, developmental delay, short stature, craniofacial disproportion, generalized osteopenia, defective wound healing, hypermobile joints, hypotonic muscles, and loose but elastic skin.
See also OMIM:615349
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti6 – 61R → W in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070132
Natural varianti139 – 1413Missing in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070135
Natural varianti309 – 3091S → T in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070141
Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity, 1, with or without fractures (SEMDJL1)2 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA bone disease characterized by vertebral abnormalities and ligamentous laxity that result in spinal misalignment and progressive severe kyphoscoliosis, thoracic asymmetry, and respiratory compromise resulting in early death. Additional skeletal features include elbow deformities with radial head dislocation, dislocated hips, clubfeet, and tapered fingers with spatulate distal phalanges. Many affected children have an oval face, flat midface, prominent eyes with blue sclerae, and a long philtrum. Palatal abnormalities and congenital heart disease are also observed.
See also OMIM:271640
Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti65 – 651S → G in SEMDJL1; the activity of the enzyme is significantly decreased. 1 Publication
VAR_070133
Natural varianti67 – 671P → L in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070134
Natural varianti156 – 1561D → N in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070136
Natural varianti207 – 2071D → H in SEMDJL1. 1 Publication
VAR_070137
Natural varianti217 – 2171G → S in SEMDJL1. 1 Publication
VAR_070138
Natural varianti232 – 2321R → C in SEMDJL1; the activity of the enzyme is significantly decreased. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs397514717 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_070139
Natural varianti300 – 3001C → S in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070140

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation, Dwarfism, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Organism-specific databases

MalaCardsiB3GALT6.
MIMi271640. phenotype.
615349. phenotype.
Orphaneti75496. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid type.
93359. Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity.
PharmGKBiPA25214.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiB3GALT6.
DMDMi61211870.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 329329Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 6PRO_0000219168Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi131 – 1311N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence analysis

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ96L58.
MaxQBiQ96L58.
PaxDbiQ96L58.
PRIDEiQ96L58.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ96L58.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitous.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ96L58.
CleanExiHS_B3GALT6.
GenevisibleiQ96L58. HS.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi126016. 5 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000368496.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ96L58.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Compositional biasi47 – 526Poly-Pro

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 31 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2288. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XV5H. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063810.
HOGENOMiHOG000230579.
HOVERGENiHBG050652.
InParanoidiQ96L58.
KOiK00734.
OMAiHRTLTHE.
OrthoDBiEOG7XH6Q3.
PhylomeDBiQ96L58.
TreeFamiTF314311.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR002659. Glyco_trans_31.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11214. PTHR11214. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01762. Galactosyl_T. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q96L58-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKLLRRAWRR RAALGLGTLA LCGAALLYLA RCAAEPGDPR AMSGRSPPPP
60 70 80 90 100
APARAAAFLA VLVASAPRAA ERRSVIRSTW LARRGAPGDV WARFAVGTAG
110 120 130 140 150
LGAEERRALE REQARHGDLL LLPALRDAYE NLTAKVLAML AWLDEHVAFE
160 170 180 190 200
FVLKADDDSF ARLDALLAEL RAREPARRRR LYWGFFSGRG RVKPGGRWRE
210 220 230 240 250
AAWQLCDYYL PYALGGGYVL SADLVHYLRL SRDYLRAWHS EDVSLGAWLA
260 270 280 290 300
PVDVQREHDP RFDTEYRSRG CSNQYLVTHK QSLEDMLEKH ATLAREGRLC
310 320
KREVQLRLSY VYDWSAPPSQ CCQRREGIP
Length:329
Mass (Da):37,138
Last modified:March 15, 2005 - v2
Checksum:iF4E2A219B1DC11F7
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti2 – 21K → N in AAL11442 (PubMed:11551958).Curated

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Natural varianti6 – 61R → W in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070132
Natural varianti65 – 651S → G in SEMDJL1; the activity of the enzyme is significantly decreased. 1 Publication
VAR_070133
Natural varianti67 – 671P → L in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070134
Natural varianti139 – 1413Missing in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070135
Natural varianti156 – 1561D → N in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070136
Natural varianti174 – 1741E → D.
Corresponds to variant rs12085009 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_059317
Natural varianti207 – 2071D → H in SEMDJL1. 1 Publication
VAR_070137
Natural varianti217 – 2171G → S in SEMDJL1. 1 Publication
VAR_070138
Natural varianti232 – 2321R → C in SEMDJL1; the activity of the enzyme is significantly decreased. 1 Publication
Corresponds to variant rs397514717 [ dbSNP | Ensembl ].
VAR_070139
Natural varianti300 – 3001C → S in SEMDJL1; loss of activity. 1 Publication
VAR_070140
Natural varianti309 – 3091S → T in EDSP2. 1 Publication
VAR_070141

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY050570 mRNA. Translation: AAL11442.1.
AL162741 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI23255.1.
CCDSiCCDS13.1.
RefSeqiNP_542172.2. NM_080605.3.
UniGeneiHs.284284.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000379198; ENSP00000368496; ENSG00000176022.
GeneIDi126792.
KEGGihsa:126792.
UCSCiuc001adk.4. human.

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

GGDB

GlycoGene database

Functional Glycomics Gateway - GTase

Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 6

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY050570 mRNA. Translation: AAL11442.1.
AL162741 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI23255.1.
CCDSiCCDS13.1.
RefSeqiNP_542172.2. NM_080605.3.
UniGeneiHs.284284.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ96L58.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi126016. 5 interactions.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000368496.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT31. Glycosyltransferase Family 31.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ96L58.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiB3GALT6.
DMDMi61211870.

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ96L58.
MaxQBiQ96L58.
PaxDbiQ96L58.
PRIDEiQ96L58.

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi126792.
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000379198; ENSP00000368496; ENSG00000176022.
GeneIDi126792.
KEGGihsa:126792.
UCSCiuc001adk.4. human.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi126792.
GeneCardsiB3GALT6.
H-InvDBHIX0028666.
HGNCiHGNC:17978. B3GALT6.
MalaCardsiB3GALT6.
MIMi271640. phenotype.
615291. gene.
615349. phenotype.
neXtProtiNX_Q96L58.
Orphaneti75496. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid type.
93359. Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity.
PharmGKBiPA25214.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2288. Eukaryota.
ENOG410XV5H. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063810.
HOGENOMiHOG000230579.
HOVERGENiHBG050652.
InParanoidiQ96L58.
KOiK00734.
OMAiHRTLTHE.
OrthoDBiEOG7XH6Q3.
PhylomeDBiQ96L58.
TreeFamiTF314311.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00755.
UPA00756.
BioCyciMetaCyc:HS10991-MONOMER.
BRENDAi2.4.1.134. 2681.
ReactomeiR-HSA-1971475. A tetrasaccharide linker sequence is required for GAG synthesis.
R-HSA-4420332. Defective B3GALT6 causes EDSP2 and SEMDJL1.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiB3GALT6. human.
GenomeRNAii126792.
NextBioi81920.
PROiQ96L58.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ96L58.
CleanExiHS_B3GALT6.
GenevisibleiQ96L58. HS.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR002659. Glyco_trans_31.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR11214. PTHR11214. 1 hit.
PfamiPF01762. Galactosyl_T. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "Biosynthesis of the linkage region of glycosaminoglycans: cloning and activity of galactosyltransferase II, the sixth member of the beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase family (beta 3GalT6)."
    Bai X., Zhou D., Brown J.R., Crawford B.E., Hennet T., Esko J.D.
    J. Biol. Chem. 276:48189-48195(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], FUNCTION, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
    Tissue: Fetal brain.
  2. "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1."
    Gregory S.G., Barlow K.F., McLay K.E., Kaul R., Swarbreck D., Dunham A., Scott C.E., Howe K.L., Woodfine K., Spencer C.C.A., Jones M.C., Gillson C., Searle S., Zhou Y., Kokocinski F., McDonald L., Evans R., Phillips K.
    , Atkinson A., Cooper R., Jones C., Hall R.E., Andrews T.D., Lloyd C., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Anderson F., Andrew R.W., Ashwell R.I.S., Aubin K., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C.L., Bailey J., Beasley H., Bethel G., Bird C.P., Bray-Allen S., Brown J.Y., Brown A.J., Buckley D., Burton J., Bye J., Carder C., Chapman J.C., Clark S.Y., Clarke G., Clee C., Cobley V., Collier R.E., Corby N., Coville G.J., Davies J., Deadman R., Dunn M., Earthrowl M., Ellington A.G., Errington H., Frankish A., Frankland J., French L., Garner P., Garnett J., Gay L., Ghori M.R.J., Gibson R., Gilby L.M., Gillett W., Glithero R.J., Grafham D.V., Griffiths C., Griffiths-Jones S., Grocock R., Hammond S., Harrison E.S.I., Hart E., Haugen E., Heath P.D., Holmes S., Holt K., Howden P.J., Hunt A.R., Hunt S.E., Hunter G., Isherwood J., James R., Johnson C., Johnson D., Joy A., Kay M., Kershaw J.K., Kibukawa M., Kimberley A.M., King A., Knights A.J., Lad H., Laird G., Lawlor S., Leongamornlert D.A., Lloyd D.M., Loveland J., Lovell J., Lush M.J., Lyne R., Martin S., Mashreghi-Mohammadi M., Matthews L., Matthews N.S.W., McLaren S., Milne S., Mistry S., Moore M.J.F., Nickerson T., O'Dell C.N., Oliver K., Palmeiri A., Palmer S.A., Parker A., Patel D., Pearce A.V., Peck A.I., Pelan S., Phelps K., Phillimore B.J., Plumb R., Rajan J., Raymond C., Rouse G., Saenphimmachak C., Sehra H.K., Sheridan E., Shownkeen R., Sims S., Skuce C.D., Smith M., Steward C., Subramanian S., Sycamore N., Tracey A., Tromans A., Van Helmond Z., Wall M., Wallis J.M., White S., Whitehead S.L., Wilkinson J.E., Willey D.L., Williams H., Wilming L., Wray P.W., Wu Z., Coulson A., Vaudin M., Sulston J.E., Durbin R.M., Hubbard T., Wooster R., Dunham I., Carter N.P., McVean G., Ross M.T., Harrow J., Olson M.V., Beck S., Rogers J., Bentley D.R.
    Nature 441:315-321(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
  3. "A beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase with poly-N-acetyllactosamine synthase activity is structurally related to beta-1,3-galactosyltransferases."
    Zhou D., Dinter A., Gutierrez Gallego R., Kamerling J.P., Vliegenthart J.F.G., Berger E.G., Hennet T.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:406-411(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: COFACTOR.
  4. Erratum
    Zhou D., Dinter A., Gutierrez Gallego R., Kamerling J.P., Vliegenthart J.F.G., Berger E.G., Hennet T.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97:11673-11673(2000)
  5. Cited for: VARIANTS SEMDJL1 GLY-65; LEU-67; ASN-156; CYS-232 AND SER-300, VARIANTS EDSP2 TRP-6; 139-MET--ALA-141 DEL AND THR-309, CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS SEMDJL1 GLY-65; LEU-67; ASN-156; CYS-232 AND SER-300.
  6. "Defective Initiation of Glycosaminoglycan Synthesis due to B3GALT6 Mutations causes a pleiotropic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome-like connective tissue disorder."
    Malfait F., Kariminejad A., Van Damme T., Gauche C., Syx D., Merhi-Soussi F., Gulberti S., Symoens S., Vanhauwaert S., Willaert A., Bozorgmehr B., Kariminejad M.H., Ebrahimiadib N., Hausser I., Huysseune A., Fournel-Gigleux S., De Paepe A.
    Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92:935-945(2013) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: VARIANTS SEMDJL1 HIS-207 AND SER-217.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiB3GT6_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q96L58
Secondary accession number(s): Q5T7M5
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 15, 2005
Last sequence update: March 15, 2005
Last modified: March 16, 2016
This is version 122 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Caution

PubMed:9892646 describes the wrong protein; the cDNAs used had been switched inadvertently.Curated

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 1
    Human chromosome 1: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  6. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.