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Q96KK5

- H2A1H_HUMAN

UniProt

Q96KK5 - H2A1H_HUMAN

Protein

Histone H2A type 1-H

Gene

HIST1H2AH

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 5 out of 5- Experimental evidence at protein leveli
  1. Functioni

    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

    GO - Molecular functioni

    1. DNA binding Source: UniProtKB-KW

    GO - Biological processi

    1. nucleosome assembly Source: InterPro

    Keywords - Ligandi

    DNA-binding

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    ReactomeiREACT_172610. HATs acetylate histones.

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2A type 1-H
    Alternative name(s):
    Histone H2A/s
    Gene namesi
    Name:HIST1H2AH
    Synonyms:HIST1H2AI
    OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
    Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
    ProteomesiUP000005640: Chromosome 6

    Organism-specific databases

    HGNCiHGNC:13671. HIST1H2AH.

    Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. extracellular vesicular exosome Source: UniProt
    2. nucleosome Source: UniProtKB-KW
    3. nucleus Source: UniProtKB-SubCell

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Chromosome, Nucleosome core, Nucleus

    Pathology & Biotechi

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Mutagenesisi2 – 21S → A: Blocks the inhibition of transcription by RPS6KA5/MSK1. 1 Publication

    Organism-specific databases

    PharmGKBiPA134913416.

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Initiator methioninei1 – 11Removed1 Publication
    Chaini2 – 128127Histone H2A type 1-HPRO_0000230200Add
    BLAST

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Modified residuei2 – 21N-acetylserine1 Publication
    Modified residuei2 – 21Phosphoserine; by RPS6KA51 Publication
    Modified residuei4 – 41Citrulline; alternate1 Publication
    Modified residuei4 – 41Symmetric dimethylarginine; by PRMT5; alternateBy similarity
    Modified residuei6 – 61N6-acetyllysineBy similarity
    Cross-linki14 – 14Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)2 Publications
    Cross-linki16 – 16Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)2 Publications
    Modified residuei37 – 371N6-crotonyllysine1 Publication
    Modified residuei105 – 1051N5-methylglutamine1 Publication
    Modified residuei119 – 1191N6-crotonyllysine1 Publication
    Modified residuei120 – 1201N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication
    Cross-linki120 – 120Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin); alternate3 Publications
    Modified residuei121 – 1211Phosphothreonine; by VPRBP2 Publications
    Modified residuei126 – 1261N6-crotonyllysine1 Publication

    Post-translational modificationi

    Deiminated on Arg-4 in granulocytes upon calcium entry.
    Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AK119Ub) by RING1 and RNF2/RING2 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression and participates in X chromosome inactivation of female mammals. It is involved in the initiation of both imprinted and random X inactivation. Ubiquitinated H2A is enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Ubiquitination of H2A functions downstream of methylation of 'Lys-27' of histone H3 (H3K27me). H2AK119Ub by RNF2/RING2 can also be induced by ultraviolet and may be involved in DNA repair. Following DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), it is ubiquitinated through 'Lys-63' linkage of ubiquitin moieties by the E2 ligase UBE2N and the E3 ligases RNF8 and RNF168, leading to the recruitment of repair proteins to sites of DNA damage. Ubiquitination at Lys-14 and Lys-16 (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub, respectively) in response to DNA damage is initiated by RNF168 that mediates monoubiquitination at these 2 sites, and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin are then conjugated to monoubiquitin; RNF8 is able to extend 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains in vitro. H2AK119Ub and ionizing radiation-induced 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub) are distinct events.10 Publications
    Phosphorylation on Ser-2 (H2AS1ph) is enhanced during mitosis. Phosphorylation on Ser-2 by RPS6KA5/MSK1 directly represses transcription. Acetylation of H3 inhibits Ser-2 phosphorylation by RPS6KA5/MSK1. Phosphorylation at Thr-121 (H2AT120ph) by VPRBP is present in the regulatory region of many tumor suppresor genes and down-regulates their transcription.4 Publications
    Glutamine methylation at Gln-105 (H2AQ104me) by FBL is specifically dedicated to polymerase I. It is present at 35S ribosomal DNA locus and impairs binding of the FACT complex (PubMed:24352239).1 Publication
    Symmetric dimethylation on Arg-4 by the PRDM1/PRMT5 complex may play a crucial role in the germ-cell lineage.By similarity
    Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.1 Publication

    Keywords - PTMi

    Acetylation, Citrullination, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDbiQ96KK5.
    PRIDEiQ96KK5.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSiteiQ96KK5.

    Expressioni

    Gene expression databases

    ArrayExpressiQ96KK5.
    BgeeiQ96KK5.
    CleanExiHS_HIST1H2AH.
    GenevestigatoriQ96KK5.

    Organism-specific databases

    HPAiCAB004030.

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi124438. 4 interactions.
    IntActiQ96KK5. 14 interactions.
    MINTiMINT-4830191.
    STRINGi9606.ENSP00000366679.

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliQ96KK5.
    SMRiQ96KK5. Positions 14-119.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Family & Domainsi

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the histone H2A family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiCOG5262.
    HOGENOMiHOG000234652.
    HOVERGENiHBG009342.
    InParanoidiQ96KK5.
    KOiK11251.
    OrthoDBiEOG7M0NTR.
    PhylomeDBiQ96KK5.
    TreeFamiTF300137.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR007125. Histone_core_D.
    IPR002119. Histone_H2A.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF00125. Histone. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    PRINTSiPR00620. HISTONEH2A.
    SMARTiSM00414. H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.
    PROSITEiPS00046. HISTONE_H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    Q96KK5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

    « Hide

    MSGRGKQGGK ARAKAKTRSS RAGLQFPVGR VHRLLRKGNY AERVGAGAPV    50
    YLAAVLEYLT AEILELAGNA ARDNKKTRII PRHLQLAIRN DEELNKLLGK 100
    VTIAQGGVLP NIQAVLLPKK TESHHKAK 128
    Length:128
    Mass (Da):13,906
    Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
    Checksum:i639793FE8256343E
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    AY131988 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN59969.1.
    AL021807 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA16944.1.
    BC093851 mRNA. Translation: AAH93851.1.
    BC093849 mRNA. Translation: AAH93849.1.
    CCDSiCCDS4622.1.
    RefSeqiNP_542163.1. NM_080596.2.
    UniGeneiHs.352225.

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENST00000377459; ENSP00000366679; ENSG00000274997.
    GeneIDi85235.
    KEGGihsa:85235.
    UCSCiuc003niz.4. human.

    Polymorphism databases

    DMDMi74751984.

    Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    AY131988 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAN59969.1 .
    AL021807 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA16944.1 .
    BC093851 mRNA. Translation: AAH93851.1 .
    BC093849 mRNA. Translation: AAH93849.1 .
    CCDSi CCDS4622.1.
    RefSeqi NP_542163.1. NM_080596.2.
    UniGenei Hs.352225.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali Q96KK5.
    SMRi Q96KK5. Positions 14-119.
    ModBasei Search...
    MobiDBi Search...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi 124438. 4 interactions.
    IntActi Q96KK5. 14 interactions.
    MINTi MINT-4830191.
    STRINGi 9606.ENSP00000366679.

    PTM databases

    PhosphoSitei Q96KK5.

    Polymorphism databases

    DMDMi 74751984.

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDbi Q96KK5.
    PRIDEi Q96KK5.

    Protocols and materials databases

    DNASUi 85235.
    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembli ENST00000377459 ; ENSP00000366679 ; ENSG00000274997 .
    GeneIDi 85235.
    KEGGi hsa:85235.
    UCSCi uc003niz.4. human.

    Organism-specific databases

    CTDi 85235.
    GeneCardsi GC06P027114.
    HGNCi HGNC:13671. HIST1H2AH.
    HPAi CAB004030.
    MIMi 615013. gene.
    neXtProti NX_Q96KK5.
    PharmGKBi PA134913416.
    GenAtlasi Search...

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGi COG5262.
    HOGENOMi HOG000234652.
    HOVERGENi HBG009342.
    InParanoidi Q96KK5.
    KOi K11251.
    OrthoDBi EOG7M0NTR.
    PhylomeDBi Q96KK5.
    TreeFami TF300137.

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    Reactomei REACT_172610. HATs acetylate histones.

    Miscellaneous databases

    ChiTaRSi HIST1H2AH. human.
    GeneWikii HIST1H2AH.
    GenomeRNAii 85235.
    NextBioi 75696.
    PROi Q96KK5.
    SOURCEi Search...

    Gene expression databases

    ArrayExpressi Q96KK5.
    Bgeei Q96KK5.
    CleanExi HS_HIST1H2AH.
    Genevestigatori Q96KK5.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR007125. Histone_core_D.
    IPR002119. Histone_H2A.
    [Graphical view ]
    Pfami PF00125. Histone. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    PRINTSi PR00620. HISTONEH2A.
    SMARTi SM00414. H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.
    PROSITEi PS00046. HISTONE_H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. "The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes."
      Marzluff W.F., Gongidi P., Woods K.R., Jin J., Maltais L.J.
      Genomics 80:487-498(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA].
    2. "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6."
      Mungall A.J., Palmer S.A., Sims S.K., Edwards C.A., Ashurst J.L., Wilming L., Jones M.C., Horton R., Hunt S.E., Scott C.E., Gilbert J.G.R., Clamp M.E., Bethel G., Milne S., Ainscough R., Almeida J.P., Ambrose K.D., Andrews T.D.
      , Ashwell R.I.S., Babbage A.K., Bagguley C.L., Bailey J., Banerjee R., Barker D.J., Barlow K.F., Bates K., Beare D.M., Beasley H., Beasley O., Bird C.P., Blakey S.E., Bray-Allen S., Brook J., Brown A.J., Brown J.Y., Burford D.C., Burrill W., Burton J., Carder C., Carter N.P., Chapman J.C., Clark S.Y., Clark G., Clee C.M., Clegg S., Cobley V., Collier R.E., Collins J.E., Colman L.K., Corby N.R., Coville G.J., Culley K.M., Dhami P., Davies J., Dunn M., Earthrowl M.E., Ellington A.E., Evans K.A., Faulkner L., Francis M.D., Frankish A., Frankland J., French L., Garner P., Garnett J., Ghori M.J., Gilby L.M., Gillson C.J., Glithero R.J., Grafham D.V., Grant M., Gribble S., Griffiths C., Griffiths M.N.D., Hall R., Halls K.S., Hammond S., Harley J.L., Hart E.A., Heath P.D., Heathcott R., Holmes S.J., Howden P.J., Howe K.L., Howell G.R., Huckle E., Humphray S.J., Humphries M.D., Hunt A.R., Johnson C.M., Joy A.A., Kay M., Keenan S.J., Kimberley A.M., King A., Laird G.K., Langford C., Lawlor S., Leongamornlert D.A., Leversha M., Lloyd C.R., Lloyd D.M., Loveland J.E., Lovell J., Martin S., Mashreghi-Mohammadi M., Maslen G.L., Matthews L., McCann O.T., McLaren S.J., McLay K., McMurray A., Moore M.J.F., Mullikin J.C., Niblett D., Nickerson T., Novik K.L., Oliver K., Overton-Larty E.K., Parker A., Patel R., Pearce A.V., Peck A.I., Phillimore B.J.C.T., Phillips S., Plumb R.W., Porter K.M., Ramsey Y., Ranby S.A., Rice C.M., Ross M.T., Searle S.M., Sehra H.K., Sheridan E., Skuce C.D., Smith S., Smith M., Spraggon L., Squares S.L., Steward C.A., Sycamore N., Tamlyn-Hall G., Tester J., Theaker A.J., Thomas D.W., Thorpe A., Tracey A., Tromans A., Tubby B., Wall M., Wallis J.M., West A.P., White S.S., Whitehead S.L., Whittaker H., Wild A., Willey D.J., Wilmer T.E., Wood J.M., Wray P.W., Wyatt J.C., Young L., Younger R.M., Bentley D.R., Coulson A., Durbin R.M., Hubbard T., Sulston J.E., Dunham I., Rogers J., Beck S.
      Nature 425:805-811(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    3. "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)."
      The MGC Project Team
      Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
      Tissue: Placenta.
    4. "Nucleosomal histone kinase-1 phosphorylates H2A Thr 119 during mitosis in the early Drosophila embryo."
      Aihara H., Nakagawa T., Yasui K., Ohta T., Hirose S., Dhomae N., Takio K., Kaneko M., Takeshima Y., Muramatsu M., Ito T.
      Genes Dev. 18:877-888(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION AT THR-121.
    5. "Phosphorylation of histone H2A inhibits transcription on chromatin templates."
      Zhang Y., Griffin K., Mondal N., Parvin J.D.
      J. Biol. Chem. 279:21866-21872(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER-2, MUTAGENESIS OF SER-2.
    6. "Role of histone H2A ubiquitination in Polycomb silencing."
      Wang H., Wang L., Erdjument-Bromage H., Vidal M., Tempst P., Jones R.S., Zhang Y.
      Nature 431:873-878(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-120.
    7. "Deimination of histone H2A and H4 at arginine 3 in HL-60 granulocytes."
      Hagiwara T., Hidaka Y., Yamada M.
      Biochemistry 44:5827-5834(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: ACETYLATION AT SER-2, CITRULLINATION AT ARG-4, IDENTIFICATION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY.
    8. "Role of Bmi-1 and Ring1A in H2A ubiquitylation and Hox gene silencing."
      Cao R., Tsukada Y., Zhang Y.
      Mol. Cell 20:845-854(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-120.
    9. Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-120.
    10. "RNF8 ubiquitylates histones at DNA double-strand breaks and promotes assembly of repair proteins."
      Mailand N., Bekker-Jensen S., Faustrup H., Melander F., Bartek J., Lukas C., Lukas J.
      Cell 131:887-900(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION.
    11. "RNF8 transduces the DNA-damage signal via histone ubiquitylation and checkpoint protein assembly."
      Huen M.S.Y., Grant R., Manke I., Minn K., Yu X., Yaffe M.B., Chen J.
      Cell 131:901-914(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION.
    12. Cited for: UBIQUITINATION.
    13. "RNF168 binds and amplifies ubiquitin conjugates on damaged chromosomes to allow accumulation of repair proteins."
      Doil C., Mailand N., Bekker-Jensen S., Menard P., Larsen D.H., Pepperkok R., Ellenberg J., Panier S., Durocher D., Bartek J., Lukas J., Lukas C.
      Cell 136:435-446(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION.
    14. "Identification of 67 histone marks and histone lysine crotonylation as a new type of histone modification."
      Tan M., Luo H., Lee S., Jin F., Yang J.S., Montellier E., Buchou T., Cheng Z., Rousseaux S., Rajagopal N., Lu Z., Ye Z., Zhu Q., Wysocka J., Ye Y., Khochbin S., Ren B., Zhao Y.
      Cell 146:1016-1028(2011) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: CROTONYLATION AT LYS-37; LYS-119; LYS-120 AND LYS-126.
    15. "RNF168 ubiquitinates K13-15 on H2A/H2AX to drive DNA Damage signaling."
      Mattiroli F., Vissers J.H., van Dijk W.J., Ikpa P., Citterio E., Vermeulen W., Marteijn J.A., Sixma T.K.
      Cell 150:1182-1195(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-14 AND LYS-16 BY RNF168.
    16. "A novel ubiquitin mark at the N-terminal tail of histone H2As targeted by RNF168 ubiquitin ligase."
      Gatti M., Pinato S., Maspero E., Soffientini P., Polo S., Penengo L.
      Cell Cycle 11:2538-2544(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-14 AND LYS-16 BY RNF168.
    17. "VprBP has intrinsic kinase activity targeting histone H2A and represses gene transcription."
      Kim K., Kim J.M., Kim J.S., Choi J., Lee Y.S., Neamati N., Song J.S., Heo K., An W.
      Mol. Cell 52:459-467(2013) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: PHOSPHORYLATION AT THR-121.
    18. "Glutamine methylation in histone H2A is an RNA-polymerase-I-dedicated modification."
      Tessarz P., Santos-Rosa H., Robson S.C., Sylvestersen K.B., Nelson C.J., Nielsen M.L., Kouzarides T.
      Nature 505:564-568(2014) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
      Cited for: METHYLATION AT GLN-105.

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiH2A1H_HUMAN
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q96KK5
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 4, 2006
    Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
    Last modified: October 1, 2014
    This is version 108 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
    DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

    Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. Human chromosome 6
      Human chromosome 6: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
    2. MIM cross-references
      Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    3. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    External Data

    Dasty 3