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Protein

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

Gene

MT-CO1

Organism
Rhinoceros unicornis (Greater Indian rhinoceros)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1-3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. CO I is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Electrons originating in cytochrome c are transferred via the copper A center of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the bimetallic center formed by heme A3 and copper B.

Catalytic activityi

4 ferrocytochrome c + O2 + 4 H+ = 4 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O.

Pathwayi: oxidative phosphorylation

This protein is involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation, which is part of Energy metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation and in Energy metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi61Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi240Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi244Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi290Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi291Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi376Iron (heme A3 axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi378Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Electron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport

Keywords - Ligandi

Copper, Heme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00705.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (EC:1.9.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide I
Gene namesi
Name:MT-CO1
Synonyms:COI, COXI, MTCO1
Encoded oniMitochondrion
OrganismiRhinoceros unicornis (Greater Indian rhinoceros)
Taxonomic identifieri9809 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaPerissodactylaRhinocerotidaeRhinoceros

Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transmembranei17 – 37HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei63 – 83HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei102 – 122HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei145 – 165HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei183 – 203HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei234 – 254HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei268 – 288HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei310 – 330HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei338 – 358HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei380 – 400HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei412 – 432HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei456 – 476HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001834091 – 514Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1Add BLAST514

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Cross-linki240 ↔ 2441'-histidyl-3'-tyrosine (His-Tyr)By similarity

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

As a newly synthesized protein, rapidly incorporates into a multi-subunit assembly intermediate in the inner membrane, called MITRAC (mitochondrial translation regulation assembly intermediate of cytochrome c oxidase) complex, whose core components are COA3/MITRAC12 and COX14. Within the MITRAC complex, interacts with COA3 and with SMIM20/MITRAC7; the interaction with SMIM20 stabilizes the newly synthesized MT-CO1 and prevents its premature turnover.By similarity

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ96062.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG003841.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01663. Cyt_c_Oxidase_I. 1 hit.
Gene3Di1.20.210.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000883. COX1.
IPR023616. Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom.
IPR023615. Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS.
IPR033944. Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10422. PTHR10422. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00115. COX1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01165. CYCOXIDASEI.
SUPFAMiSSF81442. SSF81442. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS50855. COX1. 1 hit.
PS00077. COX1_CUB. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q96062-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MFINRWLFST NHKDIGTLYL LFGAWAGMVG TALSLLIRAE LGQPGTLLGD
60 70 80 90 100
DQIYNVVVTA HAFVMIFFMV MPIMIGGFGN WLVPLMIGAP DMAFPRMNNM
110 120 130 140 150
SFWLLPPSFL LLLASSMVEA GAGTGWTVYP PLAGNLAHAG ASVDLTIFSL
160 170 180 190 200
HLAGISSILG AINFITTIIN MKPPAMSQYQ TPLFVWSVLI TAVLLLLALP
210 220 230 240 250
VLAAGITMLL TDRNLNTTFF DPAGGGDPIL YQHLFWFFGH PEVYILILPG
260 270 280 290 300
FGMISHIVTY YSGKKEPFGY MGMVWAMMSI GFLGFIVWAH HMFTVGMDVD
310 320 330 340 350
TRAYFTSATM IIAIPTGVKV FSWLATLHGG NIKWSPAMLW ALGFIFLFTV
360 370 380 390 400
GGLTGIVLAN SSLDIVLHDT YYVVAHFHYV LSMGAVFAIM GGFVHWFPLF
410 420 430 440 450
SGYTLNQTWA KIHFTIMFVG VNMTFFPQHF LGLSGMPRRY SDYPDAYTTW
460 470 480 490 500
NTISSMGSLI SLTAVMLMVF MVWEAFASKR EVSTVELTSF NLEWLHGCPP
510
PYHTFEEPVY VNLK
Length:514
Mass (Da):57,018
Last modified:February 1, 1997 - v1
Checksum:i8580AB421F34C3C4
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X97336 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA66003.1.
PIRiT11249.
RefSeqiNP_007370.1. NC_001779.1.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi808044.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X97336 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAA66003.1.
PIRiT11249.
RefSeqiNP_007370.1. NC_001779.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ96062.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi808044.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi4512.

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG003841.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00705.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01663. Cyt_c_Oxidase_I. 1 hit.
Gene3Di1.20.210.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR000883. COX1.
IPR023616. Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom.
IPR023615. Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS.
IPR033944. Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR10422. PTHR10422. 1 hit.
PfamiPF00115. COX1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSiPR01165. CYCOXIDASEI.
SUPFAMiSSF81442. SSF81442. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS50855. COX1. 1 hit.
PS00077. COX1_CUB. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCOX1_RHIUN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q96062
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: February 1, 1997
Last modified: November 30, 2016
This is version 93 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.