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Protein

Arginine decarboxylase proenzyme

Gene

PAE1749

Organism
Pyrobaculum aerophilum (strain ATCC 51768 / IM2 / DSM 7523 / JCM 9630 / NBRC 100827)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Specifically catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-arginine to agmatine. Has no S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) activity.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

L-arginine = agmatine + CO2.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

pyruvateUniRule annotationNote: Binds 1 pyruvoyl group covalently per subunit.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sitei73 – 742Cleavage (non-hydrolytic); by autolysisUniRule annotation
Active sitei74 – 741Schiff-base intermediate with substrate; via pyruvic acidUniRule annotation
Active sitei79 – 791Proton acceptor; for processing activityUniRule annotation
Active sitei94 – 941Proton donor; for catalytic activityUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. arginine decarboxylase activity Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

GO - Biological processi

  1. arginine catabolic process Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
  2. polyamine biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Decarboxylase, Lyase

Keywords - Biological processi

Polyamine biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

Pyruvate, Schiff base

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciPAER178306:GCEO-1241-MONOMER.
UniPathwayiUPA00186; UER00284.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Arginine decarboxylase proenzymeUniRule annotation (EC:4.1.1.19UniRule annotation)
Short name:
ADCUniRule annotation
Short name:
ArgDCUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Pyruvoyl-dependent arginine decarboxylaseUniRule annotation
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
Arginine decarboxylase beta chainUniRule annotation
Arginine decarboxylase alpha chainUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Ordered Locus Names:PAE1749
OrganismiPyrobaculum aerophilum (strain ATCC 51768 / IM2 / DSM 7523 / JCM 9630 / NBRC 100827)
Taxonomic identifieri178306 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaCrenarchaeotaThermoproteiThermoprotealesThermoproteaceaePyrobaculum
ProteomesiUP000002439 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 7373Arginine decarboxylase beta chainUniRule annotationPRO_0000030141Add
BLAST
Chaini74 – 12653Arginine decarboxylase alpha chainUniRule annotationPRO_0000030142Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei74 – 741Pyruvic acid (Ser); by autocatalysisUniRule annotation

Post-translational modificationi

Is synthesized initially as an inactive proenzyme. Formation of the active enzyme involves a self-maturation process in which the active site pyruvoyl group is generated from an internal serine residue via an autocatalytic post-translational modification. Two non-identical subunits are generated from the proenzyme in this reaction, and the pyruvate is formed at the N-terminus of the alpha chain, which is derived from the carboxyl end of the proenzyme. The post-translation cleavage follows an unusual pathway, termed non-hydrolytic serinolysis, in which the side chain hydroxyl group of the serine supplies its oxygen atom to form the C-terminus of the beta chain, while the remainder of the serine residue undergoes an oxidative deamination to produce ammonia and the pyruvoyl group blocking the N-terminus of the alpha chain.UniRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Autocatalytic cleavage, Zymogen

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Heterooctamer of four alpha and four beta chains arranged as a tetramer of alpha/beta heterodimers.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi178306.PAE1749.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8ZWK3.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the prokaryotic AdoMetDC family. Type 1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1586.
HOGENOMiHOG000216579.
InParanoidiQ8ZWK3.
KOiK01611.
OMAiCGEHSDP.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.90.10. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00464. AdoMetDC_1.
MF_01298. ArgDC.
InterProiIPR003826. AdoMetDC_fam_prok.
IPR027549. ArgDC.
IPR016067. S-AdoMet_deCO2ase_core.
IPR017716. S-AdoMet_deCOase_pro-enz.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF02675. AdoMet_dc. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF56276. SSF56276. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03330. SAM_DCase_Bsu. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q8ZWK3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MQATTQIKTP VVGKHVYGEL YGVDEALLKD EERLRKIVIE AAHIAKMHLV
60 70 80 90 100
EVNSWRFKGG DKEGVSVIAL VLESHIAIHT WPVYNFATVD VYTCGEHSDP
110 120
MTAFRYIVSQ LSPKRFTVNY ADRSFK
Length:126
Mass (Da):14,309
Last modified:March 1, 2002 - v1
Checksum:i3D6960B4C24D1735
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE009441 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAL63699.1.
RefSeqiNP_559517.1. NC_003364.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAL63699; AAL63699; PAE1749.
GeneIDi1465949.
KEGGipai:PAE1749.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE009441 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAL63699.1.
RefSeqiNP_559517.1. NC_003364.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8ZWK3.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi178306.PAE1749.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAL63699; AAL63699; PAE1749.
GeneIDi1465949.
KEGGipai:PAE1749.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1586.
HOGENOMiHOG000216579.
InParanoidiQ8ZWK3.
KOiK01611.
OMAiCGEHSDP.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00186; UER00284.
BioCyciPAER178306:GCEO-1241-MONOMER.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.90.10. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00464. AdoMetDC_1.
MF_01298. ArgDC.
InterProiIPR003826. AdoMetDC_fam_prok.
IPR027549. ArgDC.
IPR016067. S-AdoMet_deCO2ase_core.
IPR017716. S-AdoMet_deCOase_pro-enz.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF02675. AdoMet_dc. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF56276. SSF56276. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03330. SAM_DCase_Bsu. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Genome sequence of the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum."
    Fitz-Gibbon S.T., Ladner H., Kim U.-J., Stetter K.O., Simon M.I., Miller J.H.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99:984-989(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: ATCC 51768 / IM2 / DSM 7523 / JCM 9630 / NBRC 100827.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiARGDC_PYRAE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8ZWK3
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 26, 2002
Last sequence update: March 1, 2002
Last modified: April 1, 2015
This is version 82 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.