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Protein

Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Gene

hemA

Organism
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (strain 306)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA).UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei50 – 501NucleophileUniRule annotation
Sitei91 – 911Important for activityUniRule annotation
Binding sitei101 – 1011SubstrateUniRule annotation
Binding sitei112 – 1121SubstrateUniRule annotation

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi181 – 1866NADPUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Porphyrin biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciXAXO190486:GH55-945-MONOMER.
UniPathwayiUPA00251; UER00316.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.70UniRule annotation)
Short name:
GluTRUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:hemAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:XAC0945
OrganismiXanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (strain 306)
Taxonomic identifieri190486 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaXanthomonadalesXanthomonadaceaeXanthomonas
ProteomesiUP000000576 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 426426Glutamyl-tRNA reductasePRO_0000114089Add
BLAST

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi190486.XAC0945.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8PNU4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni49 – 524Substrate bindingUniRule annotation
Regioni106 – 1083Substrate bindingUniRule annotation

Domaini

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization.UniRule annotation

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0373.
HOGENOMiHOG000109650.
KOiK02492.
OMAiGAHSISM.
OrthoDBiEOG6MWNBM.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProiIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR018214. GluRdtase_CS.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8PNU4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MTLWVLGLNH QTAPVDLRER AAFAGDALPR ALESLRALPQ VSEAALLSTC
60 70 80 90 100
NRTELYAMAE EAHSLVNWLE THAPGLSGYL YQHQEAEAVR HLFRVATGLD
110 120 130 140 150
SMVLGEPQIL GQVKDAWAVA RAHGALGSGL DRLFQQTFSV AKRARTDTRV
160 170 180 190 200
GANPVSVAST AVRLAQDSFA RLNESTVLLI GAGETIELAA KHLSEGRVRR
210 220 230 240 250
LLIANRTLAH AQTLASQHGG FALPLTDLER HLAEADVVFS ATAAREPLVT
260 270 280 290 300
RVQVEQALRA RKRKPMLLFD LAVPRDIEAS VGELSDAYLY TVDDLERAVE
310 320 330 340 350
DNRRGRREAA DQAEAIIDLQ VARYVETLQA TAHQAPLKRL RAFGDSTRDE
360 370 380 390 400
LLAKARQQLH NGKPADEVLE QLAHALTNRL LHPPTAALRD AALNNDLELT
410 420
AAADRLFPEK PGYQHPPHSY PDREDR
Length:426
Mass (Da):46,831
Last modified:October 1, 2002 - v1
Checksum:i9C594B528CF2F4A7
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE008923 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM35833.1.
RefSeqiNP_641297.1. NC_003919.1.
WP_011050635.1. NC_003919.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAM35833; AAM35833; XAC0945.
GeneIDi14851734.
KEGGixac:XAC0945.
PATRICi24053834. VBIXanAxo33670_1015.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE008923 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAM35833.1.
RefSeqiNP_641297.1. NC_003919.1.
WP_011050635.1. NC_003919.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8PNU4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi190486.XAC0945.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAM35833; AAM35833; XAC0945.
GeneIDi14851734.
KEGGixac:XAC0945.
PATRICi24053834. VBIXanAxo33670_1015.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0373.
HOGENOMiHOG000109650.
KOiK02492.
OMAiGAHSISM.
OrthoDBiEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00251; UER00316.
BioCyciXAXO190486:GH55-945-MONOMER.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProiIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR018214. GluRdtase_CS.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Comparison of the genomes of two Xanthomonas pathogens with differing host specificities."
    da Silva A.C.R., Ferro J.A., Reinach F.C., Farah C.S., Furlan L.R., Quaggio R.B., Monteiro-Vitorello C.B., Van Sluys M.A., Almeida N.F. Jr., Alves L.M.C., do Amaral A.M., Bertolini M.C., Camargo L.E.A., Camarotte G., Cannavan F., Cardozo J., Chambergo F., Ciapina L.P.
    , Cicarelli R.M.B., Coutinho L.L., Cursino-Santos J.R., El-Dorry H., Faria J.B., Ferreira A.J.S., Ferreira R.C.C., Ferro M.I.T., Formighieri E.F., Franco M.C., Greggio C.C., Gruber A., Katsuyama A.M., Kishi L.T., Leite R.P., Lemos E.G.M., Lemos M.V.F., Locali E.C., Machado M.A., Madeira A.M.B.N., Martinez-Rossi N.M., Martins E.C., Meidanis J., Menck C.F.M., Miyaki C.Y., Moon D.H., Moreira L.M., Novo M.T.M., Okura V.K., Oliveira M.C., Oliveira V.R., Pereira H.A., Rossi A., Sena J.A.D., Silva C., de Souza R.F., Spinola L.A.F., Takita M.A., Tamura R.E., Teixeira E.C., Tezza R.I.D., Trindade dos Santos M., Truffi D., Tsai S.M., White F.F., Setubal J.C., Kitajima J.P.
    Nature 417:459-463(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: 306.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiHEM1_XANAC
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8PNU4
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 2003
Last sequence update: October 1, 2002
Last modified: May 27, 2015
This is version 94 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.