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Protein

DNA polymerase beta

Gene

Polb

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Repair polymerase that plays a key role in base-excision repair. Has 5'-deoxyribose-5-phosphate lyase (dRP lyase) activity that removes the 5' sugar phosphate and also acts as a DNA polymerase that adds one nucleotide to the 3' end of the arising single-nucleotide gap. Conducts 'gap-filling' DNA synthesis in a stepwise distributive fashion rather than in a processive fashion as for other DNA polymerases (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1).

Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei72Schiff-base intermediate with DNABy similarity1
Metal bindingi101Sodium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi103Sodium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi106Sodium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi190Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi190Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi192Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi192Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi256Magnesium 2By similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • aging Source: Ensembl
  • apoptotic process Source: MGI
  • base-excision repair Source: UniProtKB
  • base-excision repair, gap-filling Source: MGI
  • cellular response to DNA damage stimulus Source: UniProtKB
  • DNA biosynthetic process Source: MGI
  • DNA replication Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • homeostasis of number of cells Source: MGI
  • immunoglobulin heavy chain V-D-J recombination Source: MGI
  • inflammatory response Source: MGI
  • intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage Source: MGI
  • lymph node development Source: MGI
  • neuron apoptotic process Source: MGI
  • pyrimidine dimer repair Source: MGI
  • response to ethanol Source: Ensembl
  • response to gamma radiation Source: Ensembl
  • response to hyperoxia Source: Ensembl
  • salivary gland morphogenesis Source: MGI
  • somatic diversification of immunoglobulins Source: MGI
  • somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes Source: MGI
  • spleen development Source: MGI

Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, DNA-directed DNA polymerase, Lyase, Nucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processDNA damage, DNA repair, DNA replication, DNA synthesis
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding, Sodium

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-110362 POLB-Dependent Long Patch Base Excision Repair
R-MMU-110373 Resolution of AP sites via the multiple-nucleotide patch replacement pathway
R-MMU-110381 Resolution of AP sites via the single-nucleotide replacement pathway
R-MMU-5649702 APEX1-Independent Resolution of AP Sites via the Single Nucleotide Replacement Pathway
R-MMU-5651801 PCNA-Dependent Long Patch Base Excision Repair
R-MMU-5689880 Ub-specific processing proteases
R-MMU-73930 Abasic sugar-phosphate removal via the single-nucleotide replacement pathway

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
DNA polymerase beta (EC:2.7.7.7, EC:4.2.99.-)
Gene namesi
Name:Polb
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)Imported
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Chromosome 8

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:97740 Polb

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL4565

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00002187791 – 335DNA polymerase betaAdd BLAST335

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Cross-linki41Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki61Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Modified residuei72N6-acetyllysineCombined sources1
Cross-linki81Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Modified residuei83Omega-N-methylarginine; by PRMT6By similarity1
Modified residuei152Omega-N-methylarginine; by PRMT6By similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Methylation by PRMT6 stimulates the polymerase activity by enhancing DNA binding and processivity.By similarity
Ubiquitinated at Lys-41, Lys-61 and Lys-81: monoubiquitinated by HUWE1/ARF-BP1. Monoubiquitinated protein is then the target of STUB1/CHIP, which catalyzes polyubiquitination from monoubiquitin, leading to degradation by the proteasome. USP47 mediates the deubiquitination of monoubiquitinated protein, preventing polyubiquitination by STUB1/CHIP and its subsequent degradation (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ8K409
MaxQBiQ8K409
PaxDbiQ8K409
PeptideAtlasiQ8K409
PRIDEiQ8K409

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8K409
PhosphoSitePlusiQ8K409

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000031536
CleanExiMM_POLB
ExpressionAtlasiQ8K409 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ8K409 MM

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with APEX1, HUWE1/ARF-BP1, STUB1/CHIP and USP47 (By similarity). Interacts with FAM168A (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi202289, 3 interactors
IntActiQ8K409, 2 interactors
MINTiQ8K409
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000033938

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ8K409

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8K409
SMRiQ8K409
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni183 – 192DNA bindingBy similarity10

Domaini

Residues 239-252 form a flexible loop which appears to affect the polymerase fidelity.By similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the DNA polymerase type-X family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2534 Eukaryota
COG1796 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063002
HOGENOMiHOG000007787
HOVERGENiHBG002359
InParanoidiQ8K409
KOiK02330
OMAiDLFNKNM
OrthoDBiEOG091G0HMG
PhylomeDBiQ8K409
TreeFamiTF103002

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00141 NT_POLXc, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.150.110, 1 hit
3.30.210.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002054 DNA-dir_DNA_pol_X
IPR019843 DNA_pol-X_BS
IPR010996 DNA_pol_b-like_N
IPR028207 DNA_pol_B_palm_palm
IPR018944 DNA_pol_lambd_fingers_domain
IPR027421 DNA_pol_lamdba_lyase_dom_sf
IPR037160 DNA_Pol_thumb_sf
IPR022312 DNA_pol_X
IPR002008 DNA_pol_X_beta-like
IPR003583 Hlx-hairpin-Hlx_DNA-bd_motif
IPR029398 PolB_thumb
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF14792 DNA_pol_B_palm, 1 hit
PF14791 DNA_pol_B_thumb, 1 hit
PF10391 DNA_pol_lambd_f, 1 hit
PF14716 HHH_8, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00869 DNAPOLX
PR00870 DNAPOLXBETA
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00278 HhH1, 2 hits
SM00483 POLXc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47802 SSF47802, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00522 DNA_POLYMERASE_X, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8K409-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSKRKAPQET LNGGITDMLV ELANFEKNVS QAIHKYNAYR KAASVIAKYP
60 70 80 90 100
HKIKSGAEAK KLPGVGTKIA EKIDEFLATG KLRKLEKIRQ DDTSSSINFL
110 120 130 140 150
TRVTGIGPSA ARKFVDEGIK TLEDLRKNED KLNHHQRIGL KYFEDFEKRI
160 170 180 190 200
PREEMLQMQD IVLNEIKKVD SEYIATVCGS FRRGAESSGD MDVLLTHPNF
210 220 230 240 250
TSESSKQPKL LHRVVEQLQK VHFITDTLSK GETKFMGVCQ LPSEKDGKEY
260 270 280 290 300
PHRRIDIRLI PKDQYYCGVL YFTGSDIFNK NMRAHALEKG FTINEYTIRP
310 320 330
LGVTGVAGEP LPVDSEQDIF DYIQWRYREP KDRSE
Length:335
Mass (Da):38,288
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
Checksum:i41E62348DC766A39
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAH06681 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at several positions.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF513911 mRNA Translation: AAM49616.1
AK077127 mRNA Translation: BAC36630.1
AK146745 mRNA Translation: BAE27405.1
AK151436 mRNA Translation: BAE30399.1
BC006681 mRNA Translation: AAH06681.1 Sequence problems.
BC060998 mRNA Translation: AAH60998.1
CCDSiCCDS22181.1
RefSeqiNP_035260.1, NM_011130.2
UniGeneiMm.123211
Mm.473777

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000033938; ENSMUSP00000033938; ENSMUSG00000031536
GeneIDi18970
KEGGimmu:18970
UCSCiuc009ldk.2 mouse

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiDPOLB_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8K409
Secondary accession number(s): Q3UAB6, Q922Z7
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 7, 2004
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: June 20, 2018
This is version 146 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

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