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Q8D2K8 (HEM1_WIGBR) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified May 14, 2014. Version 79. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:WIGBR3460
OrganismWigglesworthia glossinidia brevipalpis [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier36870 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacterialesEnterobacteriaceaeWigglesworthia

Protein attributes

Sequence length420 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 420420Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_0000114087

Regions

Nucleotide binding190 – 1956NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region115 – 1173Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1101Substrate By similarity
Binding site1211Substrate By similarity
Site1001Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Q8D2K8 [UniParc].

Last modified March 1, 2003. Version 1.
Checksum: A695FD99BB728DEF

FASTA42048,815
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MKLLVFGISY KTAPISLRER VIFSPENINI ALNNLLKKSD ILGGVILSTC NRTEVYLSIK 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
NFYKAKKIII LWLYKFFNDL KIKEIKNNFY SYIDNYAVSH LMRVTSGLDS MILGEHQILS 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
QVKSAFFRSL KNKNISIDLQ KLFESAFSVA KKIRSETKIG SYSISIPYII CVLLKKIFIS 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
FTEIKVMLIG SGTINELIAK QLFKYKIKDL FISNRTIDHA KNLAIKVNGC VVEFNEIFKN 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
LNKMQVIITS TYSRKLIITY KIIKSIIEKN KNKKIIFIDI SIPRNIDKKI KKITGVHLYT 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
LEDLKDLITN NLEKRKNAAT LAENIIKKES IKFMSHIKGY YSSEIIKKYR FQINKLKKIY 

       370        380        390        400        410        420 
EKKALLELKL GNNPENIIKK LTYKLTNRLV HKPTKLLYNT SCSKNNKDLY DLYNKLKIDL 

« Hide

References

[1]"Genome sequence of the endocellular obligate symbiont of tsetse flies, Wigglesworthia glossinidia."
Akman L., Yamashita A., Watanabe H., Oshima K., Shiba T., Hattori M., Aksoy S.
Nat. Genet. 32:402-407(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
BA000021 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAC24492.1.
RefSeqNP_871349.1. NC_004344.2.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalQ8D2K8.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING36870.WGLp346.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaBAC24492; BAC24492; BAC24492.
GeneID1257153.
KEGGwbr:WGLp346.
PATRIC24024896. VBIWigGlo15804_0378.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
KOK02492.
OMALAHKLTN.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_WIGBR
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8D2K8
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 23, 2003
Last sequence update: March 1, 2003
Last modified: May 14, 2014
This is version 79 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways