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Protein

3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase

Gene

panB

Organism
Bacillus cereus (strain ATCC 14579 / DSM 31 / JCM 2152 / NBRC 15305 / NCIMB 9373 / NRRL B-3711)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible reaction in which hydroxymethyl group from 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate is tranferred onto alpha-ketoisovalerate to form ketopantoate.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + H2O = tetrahydrofolate + 2-dehydropantoate.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotationNote: Binds 1 Mg2+ ion per subunit.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi: (R)-pantothenate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-pantoate from 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase (panB)
  2. 2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase (BC_3920), 2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase (BC_1806)
This subpathway is part of the pathway (R)-pantothenate biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-pantoate from 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, the pathway (R)-pantothenate biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi43MagnesiumUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi82MagnesiumUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei82Alpha-ketoisovalerateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei112Alpha-ketoisovalerateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi114MagnesiumUniRule annotation1
Active sitei181Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Pantothenate biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

Magnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00028; UER00003.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.1.2.11UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Ketopantoate hydroxymethyltransferaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
KPHMTUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:panBUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:BC_1540
OrganismiBacillus cereus (strain ATCC 14579 / DSM 31 / JCM 2152 / NBRC 15305 / NCIMB 9373 / NRRL B-3711)
Taxonomic identifieri226900 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillusBacillus cereus group
Proteomesi
  • UP000001417 Componenti: Chromosome

Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasm UniRule annotation

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001848101 – 2783-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferaseAdd BLAST278

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ81FN7.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodecamer; pentamer of dimers.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi226900.BC1540.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ81FN7.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni43 – 44Alpha-ketoisovalerate bindingUniRule annotation2

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PanB family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CCG. Bacteria.
COG0413. LUCA.
KOiK00606.
OMAiDMLGFFD.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd06557. KPHMT-like. 1 hit.
Gene3Di3.20.20.60. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00156. PanB. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR003700. Pantoate_hydroxy_MeTrfase.
IPR015813. Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR20881. PTHR20881. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02548. Pantoate_transf. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000388. Pantoate_hydroxy_MeTrfase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF51621. SSF51621. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00222. panB. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q81FN7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKTKTDFLKM KEQGEPITML TAYDYPSAKL AEEAEVDMIL VGDSLGMVVL
60 70 80 90 100
GYDSTVPVTV EDMIHHTKAV RRGAKETFIV TDMPFMSYHV SLQETMVNAR
110 120 130 140 150
RIVQESGAHA LKVEGAGEVI STIQYLTNAG IPVVAHLGLT PQSVGVLGGY
160 170 180 190 200
KVQGKDAESA KKLIEDAKKC EEAGAIALVL ECVPMQLAEL ISEQLTIPTI
210 220 230 240 250
GIGAGQKVDG QVLVYHDLIS YGVNRVPKFV KQYTSVQEEI VRGISQYVTE
260 270
VKTRQFPEEK HSFTMKEEEC LSLYGGKQ
Length:278
Mass (Da):30,499
Last modified:June 1, 2003 - v1
Checksum:iBFEB4A8585D516B9
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE016877 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAP08520.1.
RefSeqiNP_831319.1. NC_004722.1.
WP_000851109.1. NC_004722.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAP08520; AAP08520; BC_1540.
GeneIDi1203889.
KEGGibce:BC1540.
PATRICi32598814. VBIBacCer54481_1516.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE016877 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAP08520.1.
RefSeqiNP_831319.1. NC_004722.1.
WP_000851109.1. NC_004722.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ81FN7.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi226900.BC1540.

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ81FN7.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAP08520; AAP08520; BC_1540.
GeneIDi1203889.
KEGGibce:BC1540.
PATRICi32598814. VBIBacCer54481_1516.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CCG. Bacteria.
COG0413. LUCA.
KOiK00606.
OMAiDMLGFFD.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00028; UER00003.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd06557. KPHMT-like. 1 hit.
Gene3Di3.20.20.60. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00156. PanB. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR003700. Pantoate_hydroxy_MeTrfase.
IPR015813. Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom.
[Graphical view]
PANTHERiPTHR20881. PTHR20881. 1 hit.
PfamiPF02548. Pantoate_transf. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000388. Pantoate_hydroxy_MeTrfase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF51621. SSF51621. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00222. panB. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPANB_BACCR
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q81FN7
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 1, 2004
Last sequence update: June 1, 2003
Last modified: November 2, 2016
This is version 88 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.