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Protein

Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Gene

hemA

Organism
Chromobacterium violaceum (strain ATCC 12472 / DSM 30191 / JCM 1249 / NBRC 12614 / NCIMB 9131 / NCTC 9757)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA).UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei50 – 501NucleophileUniRule annotation
Sitei95 – 951Important for activityUniRule annotation
Binding sitei105 – 1051SubstrateUniRule annotation
Binding sitei116 – 1161SubstrateUniRule annotation

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi185 – 1906NADPUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP
  2. NADP binding Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

  1. protoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Porphyrin biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciCVIO243365:GHUD-79-MONOMER.
UniPathwayiUPA00251; UER00316.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.70UniRule annotation)
Short name:
GluTRUniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:hemAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:CV_0079
OrganismiChromobacterium violaceum (strain ATCC 12472 / DSM 30191 / JCM 1249 / NBRC 12614 / NCIMB 9131 / NCTC 9757)
Taxonomic identifieri243365 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaBetaproteobacteriaNeisserialesChromobacteriaceaeChromobacterium
ProteomesiUP000001424 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 417417Glutamyl-tRNA reductasePRO_0000114010Add
BLAST

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi243365.CV_0079.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ7P1Y3.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni49 – 524Substrate bindingUniRule annotation
Regioni110 – 1123Substrate bindingUniRule annotation

Domaini

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization.UniRule annotation

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0373.
HOGENOMiHOG000109650.
KOiK02492.
OMAiPIDVRER.
OrthoDBiEOG6MWNBM.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProiIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR018214. GluRdtase_CS.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q7P1Y3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MHLLAFGLNH HTAPLSIREK LAFPAETLPR ALESLLASQA AREAAIVSTC
60 70 80 90 100
NRTEIYCSSP DPHAALDWLC QFHGLSRAEL EPYLYRLEAS QAARHAFRVA
110 120 130 140 150
SGLDSMVLGE TQILGQLKDA VRSAEHAGAL GTLLNGLFQR TFAVAKEVRS
160 170 180 190 200
STAVGASSVS MSAAAVKLAE QIFPSVAELN VLFVGAGEMI ELVATHFAAR
210 220 230 240 250
NPSCITVANR TLERGQRLAE QFGGNAITLA ELPESLARYD VVVTSTASQL
260 270 280 290 300
PIIGKGMVER AIKARRHRPM FMLDLAVPRD VELEVGKLDD VFLYSVDDIA
310 320 330 340 350
GIVEVGKEAR QNAAEEAETI IQARVAEFTD WLKKRETVPL IRALRDEADR
360 370 380 390 400
ARRHALEGAL KQLARGDAPE KVLEALSVQL TNKLMHPPTQ ALSSGSGAEH
410
DAQVQAIARL YRLHPES
Length:417
Mass (Da):45,298
Last modified:December 15, 2003 - v1
Checksum:iAAD7C5FFDEE73B15
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE016825 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAQ57758.1.
RefSeqiNP_899749.1. NC_005085.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAQ57758; AAQ57758; CV_0079.
GeneIDi2549441.
KEGGicvi:CV_0079.
PATRICi21434918. VBIChrVio67196_0070.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE016825 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAQ57758.1.
RefSeqiNP_899749.1. NC_005085.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ7P1Y3.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi243365.CV_0079.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAQ57758; AAQ57758; CV_0079.
GeneIDi2549441.
KEGGicvi:CV_0079.
PATRICi21434918. VBIChrVio67196_0070.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0373.
HOGENOMiHOG000109650.
KOiK02492.
OMAiPIDVRER.
OrthoDBiEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00251; UER00316.
BioCyciCVIO243365:GHUD-79-MONOMER.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProiIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR018214. GluRdtase_CS.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "The complete genome sequence of Chromobacterium violaceum reveals remarkable and exploitable bacterial adaptability."
    Vasconcelos A.T.R., de Almeida D.F., Hungria M., Guimaraes C.T., Antonio R.V., Almeida F.C., de Almeida L.G.P., de Almeida R., Alves-Gomes J.A., Andrade E.M., Araripe J., de Araujo M.F.F., Astolfi-Filho S., Azevedo V., Baptista A.J., Bataus L.A.M., Batista J.S., Belo A.
    , van den Berg C., Bogo M., Bonatto S., Bordignon J., Brigido M.M., Brito C.A., Brocchi M., Burity H.A., Camargo A.A., Cardoso D.D.P., Carneiro N.P., Carraro D.M., Carvalho C.M.B., Cascardo J.C.M., Cavada B.S., Chueire L.M.O., Creczynski-Pasa T.B., Cunha-Junior N.C., Fagundes N., Falcao C.L., Fantinatti F., Farias I.P., Felipe M.S.S., Ferrari L.P., Ferro J.A., Ferro M.I.T., Franco G.R., Freitas N.S.A., Furlan L.R., Gazzinelli R.T., Gomes E.A., Goncalves P.R., Grangeiro T.B., Grattapaglia D., Grisard E.C., Hanna E.S., Jardim S.N., Laurino J., Leoi L.C.T., Lima L.F.A., Loureiro M.F., Lyra M.C.C.P., Madeira H.M.F., Manfio G.P., Maranhao A.Q., Martins W.S., di Mauro S.M.Z., de Medeiros S.R.B., Meissner R.V., Moreira M.A.M., Nascimento F.F., Nicolas M.F., Oliveira J.G., Oliveira S.C., Paixao R.F.C., Parente J.A., Pedrosa F.O., Pena S.D.J., Pereira J.O., Pereira M., Pinto L.S.R.C., Pinto L.S., Porto J.I.R., Potrich D.P., Ramalho-Neto C.E., Reis A.M.M., Rigo L.U., Rondinelli E., Santos E.B.P., Santos F.R., Schneider M.P.C., Seuanez H.N., Silva A.M.R., da Silva A.L.C., Silva D.W., Silva R., Simoes I.C., Simon D., Soares C.M.A., Soares R.B.A., Souza E.M., Souza K.R.L., Souza R.C., Steffens M.B.R., Steindel M., Teixeira S.R., Urmenyi T., Vettore A., Wassem R., Zaha A., Simpson A.J.G.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100:11660-11665(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: ATCC 12472 / DSM 30191 / JCM 1249 / NBRC 12614 / NCIMB 9131 / NCTC 9757.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiHEM1_CHRVO
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q7P1Y3
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 2003
Last sequence update: December 15, 2003
Last modified: April 1, 2015
This is version 93 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.