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Q72IJ0 (HEM1_THET2) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified May 14, 2014. Version 77. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:TT_C1142
OrganismThermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier262724 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaDeinococcus-ThermusDeinococciThermalesThermaceaeThermus

Protein attributes

Sequence length390 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 390390Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_0000114080

Regions

Nucleotide binding176 – 1816NADP By similarity
Region46 – 494Substrate binding By similarity
Region101 – 1033Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site471Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site961Substrate By similarity
Binding site1071Substrate By similarity
Site861Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Q72IJ0 [UniParc].

Last modified July 5, 2004. Version 1.
Checksum: BC12B897710ED086

FASTA39041,965
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MALPLYLVGL SHKTAPLEVR ERAALDPVVA LPAALSALGK GVVLSTCNRT ELYGVGSPEK 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
ARAFLLSRGV VPRHLYVKEG VEALRHLYRV AAGLDSLVVG EAQILGQVRE ALFLARRQGA 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
TESLLEKAFQ SAIALGKRAR SETGIGMGAV SVAYAALDLA LAVYGDLSGL SVAVLGAGEM 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
AELFLTHLKA HGVGRILVVN RTEEKAQALA ERFGGEAFGL PALPQVLRQA DLVVASAAAP 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
HYLVGPEDLP KRAKPLFLID IALPRNIDPR VGDLPHAYLY NLDDLKRVVD RNLRARAGEI 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
PKVEALIEKA LGDYMEWYAG HRVREAIRAL EAWARVQAAK AQPEAGPVEL EKAAGRLAHP 

       370        380        390 
FILGLKRRAL DRVGGPPCPE DCLLYRLSRT 

« Hide

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
AE017221 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAS81484.1.
RefSeqYP_005111.1. NC_005835.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalQ72IJ0.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING262724.TTC1142.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaAAS81484; AAS81484; TT_C1142.
GeneID2775317.
KEGGtth:TTC1142.
PATRIC23952691. VBITheThe54392_1135.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
KOK02492.
OMAVANGVHR.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycTTHE262724:GCAT-1155-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_THET2
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: Q72IJ0
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 2005
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: May 14, 2014
This is version 77 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways