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Protein

Flap endonuclease 1

Gene

FEN1

Organism
Kluyveromyces lactis (strain ATCC 8585 / CBS 2359 / DSM 70799 / NBRC 1267 / NRRL Y-1140 / WM37) (Yeast) (Candida sphaerica)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Structure-specific nuclease with 5'-flap endonuclease and 5'-3' exonuclease activities involved in DNA replication and repair. During DNA replication, cleaves the 5'-overhanging flap structure that is generated by displacement synthesis when DNA polymerase encounters the 5'-end of a downstream Okazaki fragment. It enters the flap from the 5'-end and then tracks to cleave the flap base, leaving a nick for ligation. Also involved in the long patch base excision repair (LP-BER) pathway, by cleaving within the apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site-terminated flap. Acts as a genome stabilization factor that prevents flaps from equilibrating into structurs that lead to duplications and deletions. Also possesses 5'-3' exonuclease activity on nicked or gapped double-stranded DNA, and exhibits RNase H activity. Also involved in replication and repair of rDNA and in repairing mitochondrial DNA.UniRule annotation

Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotationNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per subunit. They probably participate in the reaction catalyzed by the enzyme. May bind an additional third magnesium ion after substrate binding.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi34Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei47DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei71DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi87Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi156Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei156DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi158Magnesium 1UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi177Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi179Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei229DNA substrateUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi231Magnesium 2UniRule annotation1
Binding sitei231DNA substrateUniRule annotation1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionEndonuclease, Exonuclease, Hydrolase, Nuclease
Biological processDNA damage, DNA repair, DNA replication
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Flap endonuclease 1UniRule annotation (EC:3.1.-.-UniRule annotation)
Short name:
FEN-1UniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Flap structure-specific endonuclease 1UniRule annotation
Gene namesi
Name:FEN1UniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:KLLA0F02992g
OrganismiKluyveromyces lactis (strain ATCC 8585 / CBS 2359 / DSM 70799 / NBRC 1267 / NRRL Y-1140 / WM37) (Yeast) (Candida sphaerica)
Taxonomic identifieri284590 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeKluyveromyces
Proteomesi
  • UP000000598 Componenti: Chromosome F

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00004035791 – 381Flap endonuclease 1Add BLAST381

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation upon DNA damage induces relocalization to the nuclear plasma.UniRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with PCNA. Three molecules of FEN1 bind to one PCNA trimer with each molecule binding to one PCNA monomer. PCNA stimulates the nuclease activity without altering cleavage specificity.UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi284590.XP_455215.1.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ6CLH4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni1 – 105N-domainAdd BLAST105
Regioni120 – 251I-domainAdd BLAST132
Regioni339 – 347Interaction with PCNAUniRule annotation9

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the XPG/RAD2 endonuclease family. FEN1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2519. Eukaryota.
COG0258. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000193853.
InParanoidiQ6CLH4.
KOiK04799.
OMAiGSQDYDS.
OrthoDBiEOG092C2ISI.

Family and domain databases

CDDicd09867. PIN_FEN1. 1 hit.
Gene3Di3.40.50.1010. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_00614. Fen. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036279. 5-3_exonuclease_C_sf.
IPR023426. Flap_endonuc.
IPR008918. HhH2.
IPR029060. PIN-like_dom_sf.
IPR006086. XPG-I_dom.
IPR006084. XPG/Rad2.
IPR019974. XPG_CS.
IPR006085. XPG_DNA_repair_N.
PANTHERiPTHR11081. PTHR11081. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00867. XPG_I. 1 hit.
PF00752. XPG_N. 1 hit.
PRINTSiPR00853. XPGRADSUPER.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00279. HhH2. 1 hit.
SM00484. XPGI. 1 hit.
SM00485. XPGN. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF47807. SSF47807. 1 hit.
SSF88723. SSF88723. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00841. XPG_1. 1 hit.
PS00842. XPG_2. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q6CLH4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGIKNLATLI SEQVPNAIKS RDIKYFHGRK VAIDASMSLY QFLIAVRQQD
60 70 80 90 100
GVQLAGEDGE TTSHLMGMFY RTLRMIDHGI KPCYVFDGSP PELKKYELDK
110 120 130 140 150
RKVRREDTEA KLKEATEQAE IIKHERRLVK VLPWHNEEAQ KLLSLMGIPY
160 170 180 190 200
VVAPAEAEAQ CAELAKSGKV FAAASEDMDT LCYQTPVLLR HLTFSEARKL
210 220 230 240 250
PIQEFDTDVI YNTLDLTQTQ FIDLGIILGC DYCEGIKGVG PVNALKLIKE
260 270 280 290 300
HGSLEAIVEK FENGDISSGR WKIPEGWQFK EARDLFMQPD VIPSEEVTLK
310 320 330 340 350
WEEPKAEELI EFMVKEKGFN EDRIKSGIER LRKGLKVGVQ KRLDSFFKIQ
360 370 380
PKTKEELATA AKKAKDAKKK AAAKGKIAKR R
Length:381
Mass (Da):43,183
Last modified:August 16, 2004 - v1
Checksum:i50194989AEEABA11
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR382126 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAG97923.1.
RefSeqiXP_455215.1. XM_455215.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiCAG97923; CAG97923; KLLA0_F02992g.
GeneIDi2895779.
KEGGikla:KLLA0F02992g.

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiFEN1_KLULA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q6CLH4
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 11, 2011
Last sequence update: August 16, 2004
Last modified: November 22, 2017
This is version 81 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families