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Protein

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma

Gene

PPARG

Organism
Canis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels.By similarity

Enzyme regulationi

PDPK1 activates its transcriptional activity independently of its kinase activity.By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
DNA bindingi136 – 210Nuclear receptorPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST75
Zinc fingeri139 – 159NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Zinc fingeri176 – 198NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding, Receptor
Biological processBiological rhythms, Transcription, Transcription regulation
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
Short name:
PPAR-gamma
Alternative name(s):
Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3
Gene namesi
Name:PPARG
Synonyms:NR1C3
OrganismiCanis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
Taxonomic identifieri9615 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCarnivoraCaniformiaCanidaeCanis
Proteomesi
  • UP000002254 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL1932903

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000534901 – 505Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaAdd BLAST505

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei112Phosphoserine; by MAPKBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated at basal conditions and dephosphorylated when treated with the ligand. May be dephosphorylated by PPP5C. The phosphorylated form may be inactive and dephosphorylation induces adipogenic activity (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ4U3Q4
PRIDEiQ4U3Q4

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with FOXO1 (acetylated form) (By similarity). Heterodimer with other nuclear receptors, such as RXRA. The heterodimer with the retinoic acid receptor RXRA is called adipocyte-specific transcription factor ARF6. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with coactivator PPARBP, leading to a mild increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with NOCA7 in a ligand-inducible manner. Interacts with NCOA1 and NCOA2 LXXLL motifs. Interacts with ASXL1, ASXL2, DNTTIP2, FAM120B, MAP2K1/MEK1, NR0B2, PDPK1, PRDM16, PRMT2 and TGFB1I1. Interacts (when activated by agonist) with PPP5C. Interacts with HELZ2 and THRAP3; the interaction stimulates the transcriptional activity of PPARG. Interacts with PER2, the interaction is ligand dependent and blocks PPARG recruitment to target promoters. Interacts with NOCT. Interacts with ACTN4. Interacts (when in the liganded conformation) with GPS2 (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9615.ENSCAFP00000007423

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ4U3Q4

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ4U3Q4
SMRiQ4U3Q4
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini238 – 503NR LBDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST266

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni205 – 280Interaction with FAM120BBy similarityAdd BLAST76

Sequence similaritiesi

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri139 – 159NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Zinc fingeri176 – 198NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

Keywords - Domaini

Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3575 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRZC LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000261626
HOVERGENiHBG106004
InParanoidiQ4U3Q4
KOiK08530

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.50.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003074 1Cnucl_rcpt
IPR035500 NHR_like_dom_sf
IPR000536 Nucl_hrmn_rcpt_lig-bd
IPR001723 Nuclear_hrmn_rcpt
IPR003077 PPAR-gamma
IPR022590 PPARgamma_N
IPR001628 Znf_hrmn_rcpt
IPR013088 Znf_NHR/GATA
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00104 Hormone_recep, 1 hit
PF12577 PPARgamma_N, 1 hit
PF00105 zf-C4, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01288 PROXISOMEPAR
PR01291 PROXISOMPAGR
PR00398 STRDHORMONER
PR00047 STROIDFINGER
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00430 HOLI, 1 hit
SM00399 ZnF_C4, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48508 SSF48508, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51843 NR_LBD, 1 hit
PS00031 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_1, 1 hit
PS51030 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q4U3Q4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGETLGDSLI DPESDSFADT LSASTSQETT MVDTEMPFWP TNFGISSVDL
60 70 80 90 100
SVMDDHSHSF DIKPFTTVDF SSISTPHYED IPFSRADPMV ADYKYDLKLQ
110 120 130 140 150
EYQSAIKVEP ASPPYYSEKT QLYNKPHEEP SNSLMAIECR VCGDKASGFH
160 170 180 190 200
YGVHACEGCK GFFRRTIRLK LIYDRCDLNC RIHKKSRNKC QYCRFQKCLA
210 220 230 240 250
VGMSHNAIRF GRMPQAEKEK LLAEISSDID QLNPESADLR ALAKHLYDSY
260 270 280 290 300
IKSFPLTKAK ARAILTGKTT DKSPFVIYDM NSLMMGEDKI KFKHITPLQE
310 320 330 340 350
QSKEVAIRIF QGCQFRSVEA VQEITEYAKS IPGFVNLDLN DQVTLLKYGV
360 370 380 390 400
HEIIYTMLAS LMNKDGVLIS EGQGFMTREF LKSLRKPFGD FMEPKFEFAV
410 420 430 440 450
KFNALELDDS DLAIFIAVII LSGDRPGLLN VKPIEDIQDN LLQALELQLK
460 470 480 490 500
LNHPESSQLF AKLLQKMTDL RQIVTEHVQL LQVIKKTETD MSLHPLLQEI

YKDLY
Length:505
Mass (Da):57,511
Last modified:July 5, 2005 - v1
Checksum:iFAB93005EE5E4E37
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ016141 mRNA Translation: AAY34942.1
RefSeqiNP_001019803.1, NM_001024632.2
UniGeneiCfa.3467

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi403606
KEGGicfa:403606

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPPARG_CANLF
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4U3Q4
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 24, 2006
Last sequence update: July 5, 2005
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 104 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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