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Protein

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor

Gene

MIF

Organism
Macaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Keto-phenylpyruvate = enol-phenylpyruvate.
L-dopachrome = 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylate.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei2Proton acceptor; via imino nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei33SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei65Substrate; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei98SubstrateBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine, Isomerase
Biological processImmunity, Inflammatory response, Innate immunity

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (EC:5.3.2.1)
Short name:
MIF
Alternative name(s):
L-dopachrome isomerase
L-dopachrome tautomerase (EC:5.3.3.12)
Phenylpyruvate tautomerase
Gene namesi
Name:MIF
ORF Names:QccE-19130
OrganismiMacaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
Taxonomic identifieri9541 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMacaca

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001580631 – 115Macrophage migration inhibitory factorAdd BLAST115

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei78N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei78N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ4R549

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotrimer. Interacts with BNIPL (By similarity). Interacts with the CD74 extracellular domain. Interacts with COPS5 and with the CXCR2 extracellular domain (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ4R549
SMRiQ4R549
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the MIF family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00910000144267
HOVERGENiHBG003240
KOiK07253

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.429.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001398 Macrophage_inhib_fac
IPR019829 Macrophage_inhib_fac_CS
IPR014347 Tautomerase/MIF_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11954 PTHR11954, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01187 MIF, 1 hit
ProDomiView protein in ProDom or Entries sharing at least one domain
PD004816 Macrophage_inhib_fac, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55331 SSF55331, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01158 MIF, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q4R549-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MPMFIVNTNV PRASVPDGFL SELTQQLAQA TGKPPQYIAV HVVPDQLMAF
60 70 80 90 100
GGSSEPCALC SLHSIGKIGG AQNRSYSKLL CGLLAERLRI SPDRVYINYY
110
DMNAANVGWN NSTFA
Length:115
Mass (Da):12,476
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
Checksum:i56D51107C05286B2
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB169695 mRNA Translation: BAE01776.1
RefSeqiNP_001270626.1, NM_001283697.1
UniGeneiMfa.887

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMFAT00000007268; ENSMFAP00000033043; ENSMFAG00000003050
GeneIDi101867092
KEGGimcf:101867092

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiMIF_MACFA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4R549
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 16, 2005
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 66 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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