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Protein

Proteasome subunit alpha type-4

Gene

PSMA4

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Component of the 20S core proteasome complex involved in the proteolytic degradation of most intracellular proteins. This complex plays numerous essential roles within the cell by associating with different regulatory particles. Associated with two 19S regulatory particles, forms the 26S proteasome and thus participates in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. The 26S proteasome plays a key role in the maintenance of protein homeostasis by removing misfolded or damaged proteins that could impair cellular functions, and by removing proteins whose functions are no longer required. Associated with the PA200 or PA28, the 20S proteasome mediates ubiquitin-independent protein degradation. This type of proteolysis is required in several pathways including spermatogenesis (20S-PA200 complex) or generation of a subset of MHC class I-presented antigenic peptides (20S-PA28 complex).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Protease, Threonine protease

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-1169091. Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells.
R-BTA-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.
R-BTA-1236978. Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes).
R-BTA-174084. Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C.
R-BTA-174113. SCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1.
R-BTA-174154. APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin.
R-BTA-174178. APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1.
R-BTA-174184. Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A.
R-BTA-187577. SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21.
R-BTA-195253. Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex.
R-BTA-202424. Downstream TCR signaling.
R-BTA-2467813. Separation of Sister Chromatids.
R-BTA-2871837. FCERI mediated NF-kB activation.
R-BTA-349425. Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1.
R-BTA-350562. Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC).
R-BTA-382556. ABC-family proteins mediated transport.
R-BTA-446652. Interleukin-1 signaling.
R-BTA-450408. AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA.
R-BTA-4608870. Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins.
R-BTA-4641257. Degradation of AXIN.
R-BTA-4641258. Degradation of DVL.
R-BTA-5358346. Hedgehog ligand biogenesis.
R-BTA-5607761. Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-BTA-5607764. CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling.
R-BTA-5610780. Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome.
R-BTA-5610785. GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome.
R-BTA-5632684. Hedgehog 'on' state.
R-BTA-5658442. Regulation of RAS by GAPs.
R-BTA-5668541. TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway.
R-BTA-5676590. NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-BTA-5687128. MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling.
R-BTA-5689603. UCH proteinases.
R-BTA-5689880. Ub-specific processing proteases.
R-BTA-68827. CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex.
R-BTA-68949. Orc1 removal from chromatin.
R-BTA-69017. CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6.
R-BTA-69229. Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D1.
R-BTA-69481. G2/M Checkpoints.
R-BTA-69601. Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A.
R-BTA-8852276. The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint.
R-BTA-8854050. FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis.
R-BTA-8941858. Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity.
R-BTA-983168. Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.973.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome subunit alpha type-4 (EC:3.4.25.1By similarity)
Gene namesi
Name:PSMA4
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome 21

Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasm By similarity
  • Nucleus By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Proteasome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00002740321 – 261Proteasome subunit alpha type-4Add BLAST261

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei13PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei75PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei127N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei173PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei176N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3ZCK9.
PRIDEiQ3ZCK9.

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000014440.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

The 26S proteasome consists of a 20S proteasome core and two 19S regulatory subunits. The 20S proteasome core is a barrel-shaped complex made of 28 subunits that are arranged in four stacked rings. The two outer rings are each formed by seven alpha subunits, and the two inner rings are formed by seven beta subunits. The proteolytic activity is exerted by three beta-subunits PSMB5, PSMB6 and PSMB7 (PubMed:12015144).1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000019203.

Structurei

Secondary structure

1261
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Turni3 – 5Combined sources3
Helixi19 – 28Combined sources10
Beta strandi34 – 38Combined sources5
Beta strandi40 – 47Combined sources8
Beta strandi63 – 67Combined sources5
Beta strandi69 – 78Combined sources10
Helixi80 – 101Combined sources22
Helixi107 – 120Combined sources14
Turni121 – 123Combined sources3
Beta strandi124 – 126Combined sources3
Beta strandi132 – 140Combined sources9
Turni141 – 143Combined sources3
Beta strandi144 – 151Combined sources8
Turni152 – 154Combined sources3
Beta strandi155 – 158Combined sources4
Beta strandi160 – 165Combined sources6
Turni166 – 169Combined sources4
Helixi170 – 178Combined sources9
Helixi186 – 199Combined sources14
Beta strandi200 – 202Combined sources3
Beta strandi212 – 217Combined sources6
Beta strandi220 – 222Combined sources3
Beta strandi224 – 227Combined sources4
Helixi230 – 241Combined sources12
Turni245 – 247Combined sources3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1IRUX-ray2.75C/Q1-261[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ3ZCK9.
SMRiQ3ZCK9.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ3ZCK9.

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase T1A family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0178. Eukaryota.
COG0638. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000074827.
HOGENOMiHOG000091085.
HOVERGENiHBG003005.
InParanoidiQ3ZCK9.
KOiK02728.
OMAiMSKTMDS.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0F2L.
TreeFamiTF106209.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.20.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055. Ntn_hydrolases_N.
IPR023332. Proteasome_alpha-type.
IPR000426. Proteasome_asu_N.
IPR016050. Proteasome_bsu_CS.
IPR001353. Proteasome_sua/b.
IPR034647. Proteasome_subunit_alpha4.
PANTHERiPTHR11599:SF97. PTHR11599:SF97. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227. Proteasome. 1 hit.
PF10584. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF56235. SSF56235. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1. 1 hit.
PS51475. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2. 1 hit.

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q3ZCK9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSRRYDSRTT IFSPEGRLYQ VEYAMEAIGH AGTCLGILAN DGVLLAAERR
60 70 80 90 100
NIHKLLDEVF FSEKIYKLNE DMACSVAGIT SDANVLTNEL RLIAQRYLLQ
110 120 130 140 150
YQEPIPCEQL VTALCDIKQA YTQFGGKRPF GVSLLYIGWD KHYGFQLYQS
160 170 180 190 200
DPSGNYGGWK ATCIGNNSAA AVSMLKQDYK EGEMTLKSAL ALAIKVLNKT
210 220 230 240 250
MDVSKLSAEK VEIATLTREN GKTVIRVLKQ KEVEQLIKKH EEEEAKAERE
260
KKEKEQKEKD K
Length:261
Mass (Da):29,484
Last modified:September 27, 2005 - v1
Checksum:i7867422B1B31F3B9
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC102102 mRNA. Translation: AAI02103.1.
RefSeqiNP_001029553.1. NM_001034381.2.
UniGeneiBt.49419.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000019203; ENSBTAP00000019203; ENSBTAG00000014440.
GeneIDi510423.
KEGGibta:510423.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC102102 mRNA. Translation: AAI02103.1.
RefSeqiNP_001029553.1. NM_001034381.2.
UniGeneiBt.49419.

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1IRUX-ray2.75C/Q1-261[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ3ZCK9.
SMRiQ3ZCK9.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000019203.

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT01.973.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3ZCK9.
PRIDEiQ3ZCK9.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000019203; ENSBTAP00000019203; ENSBTAG00000014440.
GeneIDi510423.
KEGGibta:510423.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi5685.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0178. Eukaryota.
COG0638. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000074827.
HOGENOMiHOG000091085.
HOVERGENiHBG003005.
InParanoidiQ3ZCK9.
KOiK02728.
OMAiMSKTMDS.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0F2L.
TreeFamiTF106209.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-1169091. Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells.
R-BTA-1234176. Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha.
R-BTA-1236978. Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes).
R-BTA-174084. Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C.
R-BTA-174113. SCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1.
R-BTA-174154. APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin.
R-BTA-174178. APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1.
R-BTA-174184. Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A.
R-BTA-187577. SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21.
R-BTA-195253. Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex.
R-BTA-202424. Downstream TCR signaling.
R-BTA-2467813. Separation of Sister Chromatids.
R-BTA-2871837. FCERI mediated NF-kB activation.
R-BTA-349425. Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1.
R-BTA-350562. Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC).
R-BTA-382556. ABC-family proteins mediated transport.
R-BTA-446652. Interleukin-1 signaling.
R-BTA-450408. AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA.
R-BTA-4608870. Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins.
R-BTA-4641257. Degradation of AXIN.
R-BTA-4641258. Degradation of DVL.
R-BTA-5358346. Hedgehog ligand biogenesis.
R-BTA-5607761. Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-BTA-5607764. CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling.
R-BTA-5610780. Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome.
R-BTA-5610785. GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome.
R-BTA-5632684. Hedgehog 'on' state.
R-BTA-5658442. Regulation of RAS by GAPs.
R-BTA-5668541. TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway.
R-BTA-5676590. NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling.
R-BTA-5687128. MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling.
R-BTA-5689603. UCH proteinases.
R-BTA-5689880. Ub-specific processing proteases.
R-BTA-68827. CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex.
R-BTA-68949. Orc1 removal from chromatin.
R-BTA-69017. CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6.
R-BTA-69229. Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D1.
R-BTA-69481. G2/M Checkpoints.
R-BTA-69601. Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A.
R-BTA-8852276. The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint.
R-BTA-8854050. FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis.
R-BTA-8941858. Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity.
R-BTA-983168. Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation.

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ3ZCK9.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000014440.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.60.20.10. 1 hit.
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029055. Ntn_hydrolases_N.
IPR023332. Proteasome_alpha-type.
IPR000426. Proteasome_asu_N.
IPR016050. Proteasome_bsu_CS.
IPR001353. Proteasome_sua/b.
IPR034647. Proteasome_subunit_alpha4.
PANTHERiPTHR11599:SF97. PTHR11599:SF97. 1 hit.
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00227. Proteasome. 1 hit.
PF10584. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00948. Proteasome_A_N. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF56235. SSF56235. 1 hit.
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00388. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_1. 1 hit.
PS51475. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2. 1 hit.
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPSA4_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3ZCK9
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 23, 2007
Last sequence update: September 27, 2005
Last modified: June 7, 2017
This is version 102 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.