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Protein

Short-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial

Gene

ACADS

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Introduces a double bond at position 2 in saturated acyl-CoAs of short chain length, i.e. less than 6 carbon atoms.1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

A short-chain acyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = a short-chain trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein.1 Publication

Cofactori

FAD1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 FAD per subunit.By similarity

Kineticsi

  1. KM=90 mM for propanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  2. KM=3 mM for butanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  3. KM=10 mM for pentanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  4. KM=22 mM for hexanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  5. KM=31 mM for heptanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  6. KM=29 mM for octanoyl-CoA1 Publication
  1. Vmax=0.5 µmol/min/µg enzyme with propanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication
  2. Vmax=140 µmol/min/µg enzyme with butanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication
  3. Vmax=200 µmol/min/µg enzyme with pentanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication
  4. Vmax=80 µmol/min/µg enzyme with hexanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication
  5. Vmax=12 µmol/min/µg enzyme with heptanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication
  6. Vmax=4 µmol/min/µg enzyme with octanoyl-CoA as substrate1 Publication

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 7.1.1 Publication

Pathwayi: mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation

This protein is involved in the pathway mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation, which is part of Lipid metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation and in Lipid metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei161Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei297FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei297FAD; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Binding sitei308FADBy similarity1
Active sitei392Proton acceptorBy similarity1
Binding sitei393Substrate; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi152 – 161FADBy similarity10
Nucleotide bindingi185 – 187FADBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi365 – 369FADBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi394 – 396FADBy similarity3

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Fatty acid metabolism, Lipid metabolism

Keywords - Ligandi

FAD, Flavoprotein

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RKQ3ZBF6.
UniPathwayiUPA00660.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Short-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (EC:1.3.8.11 Publication)
Short name:
SCAD
Alternative name(s):
Butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase
Gene namesi
Name:ACADS
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

  • Mitochondrion matrix 1 Publication

GO - Cellular componenti

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transit peptidei1 – 24MitochondrionBy similarityAdd BLAST24
ChainiPRO_000028199425 – 412Short-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST388

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei27PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei51N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei51N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei72N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei129N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei129N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei208N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei262N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei262N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei306N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei306N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3ZBF6.
PeptideAtlasiQ3ZBF6.
PRIDEiQ3ZBF6.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000009844.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3ZBF6.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni269 – 272Substrate bindingBy similarity4

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0139. Eukaryota.
COG1960. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000131659.
HOVERGENiHBG000224.
InParanoidiQ3ZBF6.
KOiK00248.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.540.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006089. Acyl-CoA_DH_CS.
IPR006091. Acyl-CoA_Oxase/DH_cen-dom.
IPR009075. AcylCo_DH/oxidase_C.
IPR013786. AcylCoA_DH/ox_N.
IPR009100. AcylCoA_DH/oxidase_NM_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00441. Acyl-CoA_dh_1. 1 hit.
PF02770. Acyl-CoA_dh_M. 1 hit.
PF02771. Acyl-CoA_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47203. SSF47203. 1 hit.
SSF56645. SSF56645. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00072. ACYL_COA_DH_1. 1 hit.
PS00073. ACYL_COA_DH_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q3ZBF6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MAATLLARAC GLVRGAPWPW GWRRLHTVYQ SVELPETHQM LRQTCRDFAE
60 70 80 90 100
KELFPIAAQV DKEHRFPAAQ VKKMGELGLM AMNVPEELSG AGLDYLAYSI
110 120 130 140 150
AMEEISRGCA STGVIMSVNN SLYLGPILKF GTKEQKQQWV APFTSGDKIG
160 170 180 190 200
CFALSEPGNG SDAGAAATTA RADGDSWVLS GTKAWITNAW EASAVVVFAS
210 220 230 240 250
TDRSLHNKGI SAFLVPMPTP GLTLGKKEDK LGIRASSTAN LIFEDRRIPK
260 270 280 290 300
DSLLGEPGLG FKIAMQTLDT GRIGIASQAL GIAQAALDCA VTYAENRSAF
310 320 330 340 350
GAPLTKLQAI QFKLADMALA LESARLLTWR AAMLKDNKKP FTKEAAMAKL
360 370 380 390 400
AASEAATAIT HQAMQILGGM GYVKEMPAER HYRDARITEI YEGTSEIQRL
410
VVAGHLLKSY RS
Length:412
Mass (Da):44,552
Last modified:September 27, 2005 - v1
Checksum:i3845B25B0DEF5265
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC103365 mRNA. Translation: AAI03366.1.
RefSeqiNP_001029573.1. NM_001034401.2.
UniGeneiBt.49540.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi511222.
KEGGibta:511222.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC103365 mRNA. Translation: AAI03366.1.
RefSeqiNP_001029573.1. NM_001034401.2.
UniGeneiBt.49540.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3ZBF6.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000009844.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3ZBF6.
PeptideAtlasiQ3ZBF6.
PRIDEiQ3ZBF6.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi511222.
KEGGibta:511222.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi35.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0139. Eukaryota.
COG1960. LUCA.
HOGENOMiHOG000131659.
HOVERGENiHBG000224.
InParanoidiQ3ZBF6.
KOiK00248.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00660.
SABIO-RKQ3ZBF6.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.540.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006089. Acyl-CoA_DH_CS.
IPR006091. Acyl-CoA_Oxase/DH_cen-dom.
IPR009075. AcylCo_DH/oxidase_C.
IPR013786. AcylCoA_DH/ox_N.
IPR009100. AcylCoA_DH/oxidase_NM_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00441. Acyl-CoA_dh_1. 1 hit.
PF02770. Acyl-CoA_dh_M. 1 hit.
PF02771. Acyl-CoA_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47203. SSF47203. 1 hit.
SSF56645. SSF56645. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00072. ACYL_COA_DH_1. 1 hit.
PS00073. ACYL_COA_DH_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiACADS_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3ZBF6
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 3, 2007
Last sequence update: September 27, 2005
Last modified: October 5, 2016
This is version 83 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

A number of straight-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases of different substrate specificities are present in mammalian tissues.

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.