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Protein

Vesicular glutamate transporter 1

Gene

Slc17a7

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Mediates the uptake of glutamate into synaptic vesicles at presynaptic nerve terminals of excitatory neural cells. May also mediate the transport of inorganic phosphate.3 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. extracellular-glutamate-gated chloride channel activity Source: MGI
  2. inorganic phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Source: Ensembl
  3. sodium:inorganic phosphate symporter activity Source: MGI
  4. sodium-dependent phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Source: Ensembl

GO - Biological processi

  1. chloride transmembrane transport Source: GOC
  2. chloride transport Source: GOC
  3. L-glutamate import Source: MGI
  4. long-term memory Source: MGI
  5. neurotransmitter transport Source: UniProtKB-KW
  6. phosphate ion transmembrane transport Source: MGI
  7. regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential Source: MGI
  8. response to stimulus Source: UniProtKB-KW
  9. sequestering of neurotransmitter Source: MGI
  10. synaptic transmission Source: MGI
  11. synaptic transmission, glutamatergic Source: MGI
  12. synaptic vesicle lumen acidification Source: MGI
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Biological processi

Ion transport, Neurotransmitter transport, Sensory transduction, Sodium transport, Symport, Transport

Keywords - Ligandi

Sodium

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiREACT_280974. Organic anion transporters.
REACT_287745. Glutamate Neurotransmitter Release Cycle.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Vesicular glutamate transporter 1
Short name:
VGluT1
Alternative name(s):
Brain-specific Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter
Solute carrier family 17 member 7
Gene namesi
Name:Slc17a7
Synonyms:Bnpi, Vglut1
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaSciurognathiMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
ProteomesiUP000000589 Componenti: Chromosome 7

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:1920211. Slc17a7.

Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Topological domaini1 – 6363CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei64 – 8421HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini85 – 11632ExtracellularSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei117 – 13721HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini138 – 1403CytoplasmicSequence Analysis
Transmembranei141 – 16121HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini162 – 1698ExtracellularSequence Analysis
Transmembranei170 – 19021HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini191 – 20818CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei209 – 22921HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini230 – 2367ExtracellularSequence Analysis
Transmembranei237 – 25721HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini258 – 30245CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei303 – 32321HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini324 – 34118ExtracellularSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei342 – 36221HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini363 – 37816CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei379 – 39921HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini400 – 4012ExtracellularSequence Analysis
Transmembranei402 – 42221HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini423 – 43513CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei436 – 45621HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini457 – 46913ExtracellularSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Transmembranei470 – 49021HelicalSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Topological domaini491 – 56070CytoplasmicSequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cell junction Source: UniProtKB-KW
  2. cerebellar mossy fiber Source: MGI
  3. excitatory synapse Source: MGI
  4. integral component of membrane Source: MGI
  5. presynaptic active zone Source: BHF-UCL
  6. synapse Source: MGI
  7. synaptic vesicle Source: MGI
  8. synaptic vesicle membrane Source: MGI
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Membrane, Synapse, Synaptosome

Pathology & Biotechi

Disruption phenotypei

Mice begin to die 3 weeks after birth. They exhibit a progressive neurological phenotype including blindness, loss of coordination and enhanced startle response. Glutamatergic neurotransmission is drastically reduced due to a decrease in the reserve pool of synaptic vesicles and reduced quantal size. Visual signaling from photoreceptors to retinal output neurons is impaired while photoentrainment and pupillary light responses remain intact.3 Publications

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 560560Vesicular glutamate transporter 1PRO_0000331612Add
BLAST

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ3TXX4.
PaxDbiQ3TXX4.
PRIDEiQ3TXX4.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ3TXX4.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in hippocampus (at protein level). Expressed in the molecular layer of the cerebellum and in retina.4 Publications

Developmental stagei

Expression in brain increases progressively from four days to adulthood.2 Publications

Inductioni

Oscillates diurnally in synaptic vesicles (at protein level).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ3TXX4.
ExpressionAtlasiQ3TXX4. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ3TXX4.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with SHANK3.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ3TXX4. 1 interaction.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3TXX4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Compositional biasi530 – 55627Pro-richAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0477.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119079.
HOGENOMiHOG000230812.
HOVERGENiHBG008834.
InParanoidiQ3TXX4.
KOiK12302.
OMAiPLTKFNT.
OrthoDBiEOG789C9Z.
TreeFamiTF313535.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR011701. MFS.
IPR020846. MFS_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF07690. MFS_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF103473. SSF103473. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS50850. MFS. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q3TXX4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MEFRQEEFRK LAGRALGRLH RLLEKRQEGA ETLELSADGR PVTTHTRDPP
60 70 80 90 100
VVDCTCFGLP RRYIIAIMSG LGFCISFGIR CNLGVAIVSM VNNSTTHRGG
110 120 130 140 150
HVVVQKAQFN WDPETVGLIH GSFFWGYIVT QIPGGFICQK FAANRVFGFA
160 170 180 190 200
IVATSTLNML IPSAARVHYG CVIFVRILQG LVEGVTYPAC HGIWSKWAPP
210 220 230 240 250
LERSRLATTA FCGSYAGAVV AMPLAGVLVQ YSGWSSVFYV YGSFGIFWYL
260 270 280 290 300
FWLLVSYESP ALHPSISEEE RKYIEDAIGE SAKLMNPVTK FNTPWRRFFT
310 320 330 340 350
SMPVYAIIVA NFCRSWTFYL LLISQPAYFE EVFGFEISKV GLVSALPHLV
360 370 380 390 400
MTIIVPIGGQ IADFLRSRHI MSTTNVRKLM NCGGFGMEAT LLLVVGYSHS
410 420 430 440 450
KGVAISFLVL AVGFSGFAIS GFNVNHLDIA PRYASILMGI SNGVGTLSGM
460 470 480 490 500
VCPIIVGAMT KHKTREEWQY VFLIASLVHY GGVIFYGVFA SGEKQPWAEP
510 520 530 540 550
EEMSEEKCGF VGHDQLAGSD ESEMEDEAEP PGAPPAPPPS YGATHSTVQP
560
PRPPPPVRDY
Length:560
Mass (Da):61,637
Last modified:July 26, 2011 - v2
Checksum:iE866668F606B8305
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti500 – 5001P → Q in BAE34790 (PubMed:16141072).Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK159064 mRNA. Translation: BAE34790.1.
AC149868 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS52244.1.
RefSeqiNP_892038.2. NM_182993.2.
UniGeneiMm.255631.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000085374; ENSMUSP00000082489; ENSMUSG00000070570.
GeneIDi72961.
KEGGimmu:72961.
UCSCiuc009gtx.2. mouse.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK159064 mRNA. Translation: BAE34790.1.
AC149868 Genomic DNA. No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS52244.1.
RefSeqiNP_892038.2. NM_182993.2.
UniGeneiMm.255631.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3TXX4.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ3TXX4. 1 interaction.

PTM databases

PhosphoSiteiQ3TXX4.

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ3TXX4.
PaxDbiQ3TXX4.
PRIDEiQ3TXX4.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000085374; ENSMUSP00000082489; ENSMUSG00000070570.
GeneIDi72961.
KEGGimmu:72961.
UCSCiuc009gtx.2. mouse.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi57030.
MGIiMGI:1920211. Slc17a7.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0477.
GeneTreeiENSGT00760000119079.
HOGENOMiHOG000230812.
HOVERGENiHBG008834.
InParanoidiQ3TXX4.
KOiK12302.
OMAiPLTKFNT.
OrthoDBiEOG789C9Z.
TreeFamiTF313535.

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiREACT_280974. Organic anion transporters.
REACT_287745. Glutamate Neurotransmitter Release Cycle.

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiSlc17a7. mouse.
NextBioi337233.
PROiQ3TXX4.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiQ3TXX4.
ExpressionAtlasiQ3TXX4. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ3TXX4.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR011701. MFS.
IPR020846. MFS_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF07690. MFS_1. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF103473. SSF103473. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS50850. MFS. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "The transcriptional landscape of the mammalian genome."
    Carninci P., Kasukawa T., Katayama S., Gough J., Frith M.C., Maeda N., Oyama R., Ravasi T., Lenhard B., Wells C., Kodzius R., Shimokawa K., Bajic V.B., Brenner S.E., Batalov S., Forrest A.R., Zavolan M., Davis M.J.
    , Wilming L.G., Aidinis V., Allen J.E., Ambesi-Impiombato A., Apweiler R., Aturaliya R.N., Bailey T.L., Bansal M., Baxter L., Beisel K.W., Bersano T., Bono H., Chalk A.M., Chiu K.P., Choudhary V., Christoffels A., Clutterbuck D.R., Crowe M.L., Dalla E., Dalrymple B.P., de Bono B., Della Gatta G., di Bernardo D., Down T., Engstrom P., Fagiolini M., Faulkner G., Fletcher C.F., Fukushima T., Furuno M., Futaki S., Gariboldi M., Georgii-Hemming P., Gingeras T.R., Gojobori T., Green R.E., Gustincich S., Harbers M., Hayashi Y., Hensch T.K., Hirokawa N., Hill D., Huminiecki L., Iacono M., Ikeo K., Iwama A., Ishikawa T., Jakt M., Kanapin A., Katoh M., Kawasawa Y., Kelso J., Kitamura H., Kitano H., Kollias G., Krishnan S.P., Kruger A., Kummerfeld S.K., Kurochkin I.V., Lareau L.F., Lazarevic D., Lipovich L., Liu J., Liuni S., McWilliam S., Madan Babu M., Madera M., Marchionni L., Matsuda H., Matsuzawa S., Miki H., Mignone F., Miyake S., Morris K., Mottagui-Tabar S., Mulder N., Nakano N., Nakauchi H., Ng P., Nilsson R., Nishiguchi S., Nishikawa S., Nori F., Ohara O., Okazaki Y., Orlando V., Pang K.C., Pavan W.J., Pavesi G., Pesole G., Petrovsky N., Piazza S., Reed J., Reid J.F., Ring B.Z., Ringwald M., Rost B., Ruan Y., Salzberg S.L., Sandelin A., Schneider C., Schoenbach C., Sekiguchi K., Semple C.A., Seno S., Sessa L., Sheng Y., Shibata Y., Shimada H., Shimada K., Silva D., Sinclair B., Sperling S., Stupka E., Sugiura K., Sultana R., Takenaka Y., Taki K., Tammoja K., Tan S.L., Tang S., Taylor M.S., Tegner J., Teichmann S.A., Ueda H.R., van Nimwegen E., Verardo R., Wei C.L., Yagi K., Yamanishi H., Zabarovsky E., Zhu S., Zimmer A., Hide W., Bult C., Grimmond S.M., Teasdale R.D., Liu E.T., Brusic V., Quackenbush J., Wahlestedt C., Mattick J.S., Hume D.A., Kai C., Sasaki D., Tomaru Y., Fukuda S., Kanamori-Katayama M., Suzuki M., Aoki J., Arakawa T., Iida J., Imamura K., Itoh M., Kato T., Kawaji H., Kawagashira N., Kawashima T., Kojima M., Kondo S., Konno H., Nakano K., Ninomiya N., Nishio T., Okada M., Plessy C., Shibata K., Shiraki T., Suzuki S., Tagami M., Waki K., Watahiki A., Okamura-Oho Y., Suzuki H., Kawai J., Hayashizaki Y.
    Science 309:1559-1563(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Strain: C57BL/6J.
    Tissue: Visual cortex.
  2. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: C57BL/6J.
  3. "Molecular cloning and functional identification of mouse vesicular glutamate transporter 3 and its expression in subsets of novel excitatory neurons."
    Schaefer M.K.-H., Varoqui H., Defamie N., Weihe E., Erickson J.D.
    J. Biol. Chem. 277:50734-50748(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
  4. "An essential role for vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGLUT1) in postnatal development and control of quantal size."
    Wojcik S.M., Rhee J.S., Herzog E., Sigler A., Jahn R., Takamori S., Brose N., Rosenmund C.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101:7158-7163(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
  5. "Vesicular glutamate transporters 1 and 2 target to functionally distinct synaptic release sites."
    Fremeau R.T. Jr., Kam K., Qureshi T., Johnson J., Copenhagen D.R., Storm-Mathisen J., Chaudhry F.A., Nicoll R.A., Edwards R.H.
    Science 304:1815-1819(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE.
  6. "Synaptic and vesicular co-localization of the glutamate transporters VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 in the mouse hippocampus."
    Herzog E., Takamori S., Jahn R., Brose N., Wojcik S.M.
    J. Neurochem. 99:1011-1018(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: SUBCELLULAR LOCATION.
  7. "Differential sorting of the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 into a defined vesicular pool is regulated by light signaling involving the clock gene Period2."
    Yelamanchili S.V., Pendyala G., Brunk I., Darna M., Albrecht U., Ahnert-Hilger G.
    J. Biol. Chem. 281:15671-15679(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INDUCTION, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
  8. "Vesicular glutamate transporter 1 is required for photoreceptor synaptic signaling but not for intrinsic visual functions."
    Johnson J., Fremeau R.T. Jr., Duncan J.L., Renteria R.C., Yang H., Hua Z., Liu X., LaVail M.M., Edwards R.H., Copenhagen D.R.
    J. Neurosci. 27:7245-7255(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: FUNCTION, DISRUPTION PHENOTYPE, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
  9. "SHANK3 overexpression causes manic-like behaviour with unique pharmacogenetic properties."
    Han K., Holder J.L. Jr., Schaaf C.P., Lu H., Chen H., Kang H., Tang J., Wu Z., Hao S., Cheung S.W., Yu P., Sun H., Breman A.M., Patel A., Lu H.C., Zoghbi H.Y.
    Nature 503:72-77(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INTERACTION WITH SHANK3, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION, TISSUE SPECIFICITY.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiVGLU1_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3TXX4
Secondary accession number(s): E9QMT8
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 28, 2008
Last sequence update: July 26, 2011
Last modified: March 31, 2015
This is version 79 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.