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Q3T0E7 (PP1A_BOVIN) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified April 16, 2014. Version 73. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Web links·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase PP1-alpha catalytic subunit

Short name=PP-1A
EC=3.1.3.16
Gene names
Name:PPP1CA
OrganismBos taurus (Bovine) [Reference proteome]
Taxonomic identifier9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos

Protein attributes

Sequence length330 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Sequence processingThe displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.
Protein existenceEvidence at transcript level

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Protein phosphatase that associates with over 200 regulatory proteins to form highly specific holoenzymes which dephosphorylate hundreds of biological targets. Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is essential for cell division, and participates in the regulation of glycogen metabolism, muscle contractility and protein synthesis. Involved in regulation of ionic conductances and long-term synaptic plasticity. May play an important role in dephosphorylating substrates such as the postsynaptic density-associated Ca2+/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II. Component of the PTW/PP1 phosphatase complex, which plays a role in the control of chromatin structure and cell cycle progression during the transition from mitosis into interphase. Regulates NEK2 function in terms of kinase activity and centrosome number and splitting, both in the presence and absence of radiation-induced DNA damage. Regulator of neural tube and optic fissure closure, and enteric neural crest cell (ENCCs) migration during development By similarity.

Catalytic activity

[a protein]-serine/threonine phosphate + H2O = [a protein]-serine/threonine + phosphate.

Cofactor

Binds 1 iron ion per subunit By similarity.

Binds 1 manganese ion per subunit By similarity.

Subunit structure

PP1 comprises a catalytic subunit, PPP1CA, PPP1CB or PPP1CC, which is folded into its native form by inhibitor 2 and glycogen synthetase kinase 3, and then complexed to one or several targeting or regulatory subunits. PPP1R12A, PPP1R12B and PPP1R12C mediate binding to myosin. PPP1R3A (in skeletal muscle), PPP1R3B (in liver), PPP1R3C, PPP1R3D and PPP1R3F (in brain) mediate binding to glycogen. Interacts with PPP1R15A and PPP1R15B; the interactions mediate binding to EIF2S1. Part of a complex containing PPP1R15B, PP1 and NCK1/2. Component of the MLL5-L complex, at least composed of KMT2E/MLL5, STK38, PPP1CA, PPP1CB, PPP1CC, HCFC1, ACTB and OGT. Interacts with PPP1R9A, PPP1R9B and PPP1R7. Interacts with YLPM1. Forms a complex with ILF2, ILF3, YLPM1, KHDRBS1, RBMX and NCOA5. Interacts with NOM1 and PPP1R8. Interacts with PPP1R16B. Interacts with RPSA only in the presence of PPP1R16B. Component of the PTW/PP1 phosphatase complex, composed of PPP1R10/PNUTS, TOX4, WDR82, and PPP1CA or PPP1CB or PPP1CC. Interacts with PPP1R10/PNUTS and PPP1R8. Interacts with WDR82 in the presence of PPP1R10/PNUTS. Interacts with PPP1R39. transition from mitosis into interphase. Interacts with TRIM28; the interaction dephosphorylates TRIM28 on 'Ser-824' and forms a complex at the p21 promoter site. Interacts with NEK2. Interacts with PHACTR4; which acts as an activator of PP1 activity. Interacts with FER; this promotes phosphorylation at Thr-320 By similarity.

Subcellular location

Cytoplasm By similarity. Nucleus By similarity. Nucleusnucleoplasm By similarity. Nucleusnucleolus By similarity. Note: Primarily nuclear and largely excluded from the nucleolus. Highly mobile in cells and can be relocalized through interaction with targeting subunits. NOM1 plays a role in targeting this protein to the nucleolus. In the presence of PPP1R8 relocalizes from the nucleus to nuclear speckles By similarity.

Post-translational modification

Phosphorylated. Dephosphorylated at Thr-320 in the presence of ionizing radiation By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the PPP phosphatase family. PP-1 subfamily.

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Initiator methionine11Removed By similarity
Chain2 – 330329Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase PP1-alpha catalytic subunit
PRO_0000240131

Sites

Active site1251Proton donor By similarity
Metal binding641Iron By similarity
Metal binding661Iron By similarity
Metal binding921Iron By similarity
Metal binding921Manganese By similarity
Metal binding1241Manganese By similarity
Metal binding1731Manganese By similarity
Metal binding2481Manganese By similarity

Amino acid modifications

Modified residue21N-acetylserine By similarity
Modified residue3051N6-acetyllysine By similarity
Modified residue3061Phosphotyrosine By similarity
Modified residue3201Phosphothreonine By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Q3T0E7 [UniParc].

Last modified October 11, 2005. Version 1.
Checksum: 60C37E1AD9831DAC

FASTA33037,512
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MSDSEKLNLD SIIGRLLEVQ GSRPGKNVQL TENEIRGLCL KSREIFLSQP ILLELEAPLK 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
ICGDIHGQYY DLLRLFEYGG FPPESNYLFL GDYVDRGKQS LETICLLLAY KIKYPENFFL 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
LRGNHECASI NRIYGFYDEC KRRYNIKLWK TFTDCFNCLP IAAIVDEKIF CCHGGLSPDL 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
QSMEQIRRIM RPTDVPDQGL LCDLLWSDPD KDVQGWGEND RGVSFTFGAE VVAKFLHKHD 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
LDLICRAHQV VEDGYEFFAK RQLVTLFSAP NYCGEFDNAG AMMSVDETLM CSFQILKPAD 

       310        320        330 
KNKGKYGQFS GLNPGGRPIT PPRNSAKAKK 

« Hide

References

[1]NIH - Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project
Submitted (AUG-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
Strain: Crossbred X Angus.
Tissue: Ileum.

Web resources

Protein Spotlight

The things we forget - Issue 32 of March 2003

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
BC102424 mRNA. Translation: AAI02425.1.
RefSeqNP_001030393.1. NM_001035316.2.
UniGeneBt.48845.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalQ3T0E7.
SMRQ3T0E7. Positions 7-299.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGrid172796. 3 interactions.
IntActQ3T0E7. 3 interactions.
STRING9913.ENSBTAP00000016111.

Chemistry

BindingDBQ3T0E7.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbQ3T0E7.
PRIDEQ3T0E7.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneID516175.
KEGGbta:516175.

Organism-specific databases

CTD5499.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0639.
HOGENOMHOG000172697.
HOVERGENHBG000216.
InParanoidQ3T0E7.
KOK06269.

Family and domain databases

InterProIPR004843. Calcineurin-like_PHP_apaH.
IPR006186. Ser/Thr-sp_prot-phosphatase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00149. Metallophos. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PRINTSPR00114. STPHPHTASE.
SMARTSM00156. PP2Ac. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PROSITEPS00125. SER_THR_PHOSPHATASE. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Other

NextBio20872154.

Entry information

Entry namePP1A_BOVIN
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3T0E7
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 13, 2006
Last sequence update: October 11, 2005
Last modified: April 16, 2014
This is version 73 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

Protein Spotlight

Protein Spotlight articles and cited UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries