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Protein

Calcineurin B homologous protein 1

Gene

CHP1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Calcium-binding protein involved in different processes such as regulation of vesicular trafficking, plasma membrane Na+/H+ exchanger and gene transcription. Involved in the constitutive exocytic membrane traffic. Mediates the association between microtubules and membrane-bound organelles of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus and is also required for the targeting and fusion of transcytotic vesicles (TCV) with the plasma membrane. Functions as an integral cofactor in cell pH regulation by controlling plasma membrane-type Na+/H+ exchange activity. Affects the pH sensitivity of SLC9A1/NHE1 by increasing its sensitivity at acidic pH. Required for the stabilization and localization of SLC9A1/NHE1 at the plasma membrane. Inhibits serum- and GTPase-stimulated Na+/H+ exchange. Plays a role as an inhibitor of ribosomal RNA transcription by repressing the nucleolar UBF1 transcriptional activity. May sequester UBF1 in the nucleoplasm and limit its translocation to the nucleolus. Associates to the ribosomal gene promoter. Acts as a negative regulator of the calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway. Inhibits NFAT nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity by suppressing the calcium-dependent calcineurin phosphatase activity. Also negatively regulates the kinase activity of the apoptosis-induced kinase STK17B. Inhibits both STK17B auto- and substrate-phosphorylations in a calcium-dependent manner (By similarity).By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Calcium bindingi123 – 1341PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12
Calcium bindingi164 – 1752PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionProtein kinase inhibitor
Biological processProtein transport, Transport
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-2160916 Hyaluronan uptake and degradation

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Calcineurin B homologous protein 1
Alternative name(s):
Calcineurin B-like protein
Calcium-binding protein CHP
Calcium-binding protein p22
EF-hand calcium-binding domain-containing protein p22
Gene namesi
Name:CHP1
Synonyms:CHP
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome 10

Organism-specific databases

VGNCiVGNC:27310 CHP1

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
ChainiPRO_00003127462 – 195Calcineurin B homologous protein 1Add BLAST194

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Lipidationi2N-myristoyl glycineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated; decreased phosphorylation is associated with an increase in SLC9A1/NHE1 Na+/H+ exchange activity. Phosphorylation occurs in serum-dependent manner. The phosphorylation state may regulate the binding to SLC9A1/NHE1 (By similarity).By similarity
Both N-myristoylation and calcium-mediated conformational changes are essential for its function in exocytic traffic. N-myristoylation is required for its association with microtubules and interaction with GAPDH, but not for the constitutive association to membranes (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Myristate, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3SYS6
PRIDEiQ3SYS6

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000027173

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with STK17B; the interaction occurs in a calcium-independent manner and induces the translocation of CHP1 from the Golgi to the nucleus. Interacts with GAPDH; the interaction is direct, occurs in a N-myristoylation-dependent manner and facilitates the ability of CHP1 to bind microtubules. Interacts with KIF1B (via the C-terminal end of the kinesin-motor domain); the interaction occurs in a calcium-dependent manner. Associates (via C-terminal domain) with microtubules; the association occurs with polymerized microtubules during the cell cycle in a myristoylation- and calcium-independent manner and is enhanced by GAPDH. Interacts with PPP3CA. Interacts with SLC9A1/NHE1 (via the juxtamembrane region of the cytoplasmic C-terminal domain); the interaction occurs at the plasma membrane in a calcium-dependent manner and at a domain that is critical for growth factor stimulation of the exchanger (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000038767

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3SYS6
SMRiQ3SYS6
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini26 – 61EF-hand 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini66 – 101EF-hand 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini110 – 145EF-hand 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini151 – 186EF-hand 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Motifi2 – 6Necessary for association with microtubule and interaction with GAPDHBy similarity5
Motifi138 – 147Nuclear export signal 1By similarity10
Motifi176 – 185Nuclear export signal 2By similarity10

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0034 Eukaryota
COG5126 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00860000133729
HOGENOMiHOG000233019
HOVERGENiHBG105307
InParanoidiQ3SYS6
KOiK17610
OMAiEFCRAME
OrthoDBiEOG091G0LZ1
TreeFamiTF354284

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00051 EFh, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS
IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13499 EF-hand_7, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00054 EFh, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00018 EF_HAND_1, 1 hit
PS50222 EF_HAND_2, 3 hits

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q3SYS6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGSRASTLLR DEELEEIKKE TGFSHSQITR LYSRFTSLDK GENGTLSRED
60 70 80 90 100
FQRIPELAIN PLGDRIINAF FPEGEDQVNF RGFMRTLAHF RPIEDNEKSK
110 120 130 140 150
DVNGPEPLNS RSNKLHFAFR LYDLDKDDKI SRDELLQVLR MMVGVNISDE
160 170 180 190
QLGSIADRTI QEADQDGDSA ISFTEFVKVL EKVDVEQKMS IRFLH
Length:195
Mass (Da):22,442
Last modified:October 11, 2005 - v1
Checksum:i7B82EEF17BEE829E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BT030715 mRNA Translation: ABS45031.1
BC103418 mRNA Translation: AAI03419.1
RefSeqiNP_001069044.1, NM_001075576.1
UniGeneiBt.9643

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000038963; ENSBTAP00000038767; ENSBTAG00000027173
GeneIDi512662
KEGGibta:512662

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCHP1_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3SYS6
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 4, 2007
Last sequence update: October 11, 2005
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 95 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health