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Q3IK96 (HEM1_PSEHT) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified February 19, 2014. Version 73. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:PSHAa1057
OrganismPseudoalteromonas haloplanktis (strain TAC 125) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier326442 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaAlteromonadalesPseudoalteromonadaceaePseudoalteromonas

Protein attributes

Sequence length418 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Sequence caution

The sequence CAI86132.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 418418Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_0000335060

Regions

Nucleotide binding187 – 1926NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region112 – 1143Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1071Substrate By similarity
Binding site1181Substrate By similarity
Site971Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Q3IK96 [UniParc].

Last modified May 20, 2008. Version 2.
Checksum: 424F8AA5A88927D6

FASTA41846,338
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MTIIALGINH KTAPVELREK VAFSPEQISE ALQQLSGHAH FNEAVIVSTC NRTEVYCSLA 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
QQNSQTLLQW LSSFHGLDEH ELSKNIYCHE GSDAINHLMR VACGLDSLVL GEPQILGQIK 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
QAYNSAKTHN AVGVTFDRLF QKTFSVAKQV RTETNIGASA VSVAYAAVNL AKHIYGKLDK 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
TNVLLIGAGE TIELVAKHLY QNEPQNITVA NRTLERARSL ADQVSGDVIA LAQLPERLHK 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
ADIVISSTAS TLPIIGKGVV EQALKQRRYK PMLFIDIAVP RDIESQVGEL DDAYLYSVDD 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
LQTIVSENMS AREEAAEQAE VIITERTKEF LMWIRSLDSV DLIRHYRNDV QTIKSELVER 

       370        380        390        400        410 
AVSQLNTGKD AEKVILELAN KLTNRLMHAP TRAIQDAAKK GEVAQLNQLK KMLGIDQE 

« Hide

References

[1]"Coping with cold: the genome of the versatile marine Antarctica bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125."
Medigue C., Krin E., Pascal G., Barbe V., Bernsel A., Bertin P.N., Cheung F., Cruveiller S., D'Amico S., Duilio A., Fang G., Feller G., Ho C., Mangenot S., Marino G., Nilsson J., Parrilli E., Rocha E.P.C. expand/collapse author list , Rouy Z., Sekowska A., Tutino M.L., Vallenet D., von Heijne G., Danchin A.
Genome Res. 15:1325-1335(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: TAC 125.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
CR954246 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAI86132.1. Different initiation.
RefSeqYP_339575.1. NC_007481.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalQ3IK96.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING326442.PSHAa1057.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaCAI86132; CAI86132; PSHAa1057.
GeneID3709163.
KEGGpha:PSHAa1057.
PATRIC32295655. VBIPseHal105694_1014.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
HOGENOMHOG000109650.
KOK02492.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycPHAL326442:GJIU-1071-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_PSEHT
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3IK96
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 20, 2008
Last sequence update: May 20, 2008
Last modified: February 19, 2014
This is version 73 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways