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Protein

Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 15

Gene

XTH15

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 3 out of 5-Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Catalyzes xyloglucan endohydrolysis (XEH) and/or endotransglycosylation (XET). Cleaves and religates xyloglucan polymers, an essential constituent of the primary cell wall, and thereby participates in cell wall construction of growing tissues (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Breaks a beta-(1->4) bond in the backbone of a xyloglucan and transfers the xyloglucanyl segment on to O-4 of the non-reducing terminal glucose residue of an acceptor, which can be a xyloglucan or an oligosaccharide of xyloglucan.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Active sitei102 – 1021NucleophilePROSITE-ProRule annotation
Active sitei106 – 1061Proton donorPROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds Source: InterPro
  2. xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase activity Source: UniProtKB-EC

GO - Biological processi

  1. cellular glucan metabolic process Source: InterPro
  2. cell wall organization Source: UniProtKB-KW
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Glycosidase, Hydrolase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Cell wall biogenesis/degradation

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT4G14130-MONOMER.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH16. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 15 (EC:2.4.1.207)
Short name:
At-XTH15
Short name:
XTH-15
Gene namesi
Name:XTH15
Synonyms:XTR7
Ordered Locus Names:At4g14130
ORF Names:dl3105c, FCAALL.173
OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
ProteomesiUP000006548 Componenti: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

TAIRiAT4G14130.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. apoplast Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
  2. cell wall Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Apoplast, Cell wall, Secreted

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Signal peptidei1 – 2525Sequence AnalysisAdd
BLAST
Chaini26 – 289264Probable xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase protein 15PRO_0000011815Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Glycosylationi110 – 1101N-linked (GlcNAc...)Sequence Analysis

Post-translational modificationi

Contains at least one intrachain disulfide bond essential for its enzymatic activity.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ38911.
PRIDEiQ38911.

Expressioni

Inductioni

Down-regulated by auxin.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ38911. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ38911.

Interactioni

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
At2g42580Q9SIN11EBI-2295048,EBI-2292882

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ38911. 1 interaction.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ38911.
SMRiQ38911. Positions 35-288.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG2273.
HOGENOMiHOG000236368.
InParanoidiQ38911.
KOiK08235.
OMAiAYASNFF.
PhylomeDBiQ38911.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.200. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR013320. ConA-like_dom.
IPR000757. Glyco_hydro_16.
IPR008263. Glycoside_hydrolase_16_AS.
IPR016455. XET.
IPR010713. XET_C.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00722. Glyco_hydro_16. 1 hit.
PF06955. XET_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF005604. XET. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF49899. SSF49899. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01034. GLYCOSYL_HYDROL_F16. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q38911-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MGPSSSLTTI VATVLLVTLF GSAYASNFFD EFDLTWGDHR GKIFNGGNML
60 70 80 90 100
SLSLDQVSGS GFKSKKEYLF GRIDMQLKLV AGNSAGTVTA YYLSSQGATH
110 120 130 140 150
DEIDFEFLGN ETGKPYVLHT NVFAQGKGDR EQQFYLWFDP TKNFHTYSIV
160 170 180 190 200
WRPQHIIFLV DNLPIRVFNN AEKLGVPFPK SQPMRIYSSL WNADDWATRG
210 220 230 240 250
GLVKTDWSKA PFTAYYRGFN AAACTASSGC DPKFKSSFGD GKLQVATELN
260 270 280
AYGRRRLRWV QKYFMIYNYC SDLKRFPRGF PPECKKSRV
Length:289
Mass (Da):32,687
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
Checksum:i3222ECF640792EF9
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Sequence conflicti70 – 701F → V (PubMed:9461215).Curated
Sequence conflicti70 – 701F → V (PubMed:10617198).Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U43489 mRNA. Translation: AAB18368.1.
Z97335 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB10192.1.
AL161538 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB78455.1.
CP002687 Genomic DNA. Translation: AEE83378.1.
AY045865 mRNA. Translation: AAK76539.1.
AY087282 mRNA. Translation: AAM64835.1.
PIRiF71402.
RefSeqiNP_193149.2. NM_117490.3.
UniGeneiAt.25124.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G14130.1; AT4G14130.1; AT4G14130.
GeneIDi827051.
KEGGiath:AT4G14130.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U43489 mRNA. Translation: AAB18368.1.
Z97335 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB10192.1.
AL161538 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAB78455.1.
CP002687 Genomic DNA. Translation: AEE83378.1.
AY045865 mRNA. Translation: AAK76539.1.
AY087282 mRNA. Translation: AAM64835.1.
PIRiF71402.
RefSeqiNP_193149.2. NM_117490.3.
UniGeneiAt.25124.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ38911.
SMRiQ38911. Positions 35-288.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ38911. 1 interaction.

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH16. Glycoside Hydrolase Family 16.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ38911.
PRIDEiQ38911.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G14130.1; AT4G14130.1; AT4G14130.
GeneIDi827051.
KEGGiath:AT4G14130.

Organism-specific databases

GeneFarmi2638. 265.
TAIRiAT4G14130.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG2273.
HOGENOMiHOG000236368.
InParanoidiQ38911.
KOiK08235.
OMAiAYASNFF.
PhylomeDBiQ38911.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT4G14130-MONOMER.

Miscellaneous databases

PROiQ38911.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ38911. baseline and differential.
GenevestigatoriQ38911.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.200. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR013320. ConA-like_dom.
IPR000757. Glyco_hydro_16.
IPR008263. Glycoside_hydrolase_16_AS.
IPR016455. XET.
IPR010713. XET_C.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00722. Glyco_hydro_16. 1 hit.
PF06955. XET_C. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF005604. XET. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF49899. SSF49899. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS01034. GLYCOSYL_HYDROL_F16. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

« Hide 'large scale' publications
  1. "The Arabidopsis XET-related gene family: environmental and hormonal regulation of expression."
    Xu W., Campbell P., Vargheese A.K., Braam J.
    Plant J. 9:879-889(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  2. "Analysis of 1.9 Mb of contiguous sequence from chromosome 4 of Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Bevan M., Bancroft I., Bent E., Love K., Goodman H.M., Dean C., Bergkamp R., Dirkse W., van Staveren M., Stiekema W., Drost L., Ridley P., Hudson S.-A., Patel K., Murphy G., Piffanelli P., Wedler H., Wedler E.
    , Wambutt R., Weitzenegger T., Pohl T., Terryn N., Gielen J., Villarroel R., De Clercq R., van Montagu M., Lecharny A., Aubourg S., Gy I., Kreis M., Lao N., Kavanagh T., Hempel S., Kotter P., Entian K.-D., Rieger M., Schaefer M., Funk B., Mueller-Auer S., Silvey M., James R., Monfort A., Pons A., Puigdomenech P., Douka A., Voukelatou E., Milioni D., Hatzopoulos P., Piravandi E., Obermaier B., Hilbert H., Duesterhoeft A., Moores T., Jones J.D.G., Eneva T., Palme K., Benes V., Rechmann S., Ansorge W., Cooke R., Berger C., Delseny M., Voet M., Volckaert G., Mewes H.-W., Klosterman S., Schueller C., Chalwatzis N.
    Nature 391:485-488(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  3. "Sequence and analysis of chromosome 4 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Mayer K.F.X., Schueller C., Wambutt R., Murphy G., Volckaert G., Pohl T., Duesterhoeft A., Stiekema W., Entian K.-D., Terryn N., Harris B., Ansorge W., Brandt P., Grivell L.A., Rieger M., Weichselgartner M., de Simone V., Obermaier B.
    , Mache R., Mueller M., Kreis M., Delseny M., Puigdomenech P., Watson M., Schmidtheini T., Reichert B., Portetelle D., Perez-Alonso M., Boutry M., Bancroft I., Vos P., Hoheisel J., Zimmermann W., Wedler H., Ridley P., Langham S.-A., McCullagh B., Bilham L., Robben J., van der Schueren J., Grymonprez B., Chuang Y.-J., Vandenbussche F., Braeken M., Weltjens I., Voet M., Bastiaens I., Aert R., Defoor E., Weitzenegger T., Bothe G., Ramsperger U., Hilbert H., Braun M., Holzer E., Brandt A., Peters S., van Staveren M., Dirkse W., Mooijman P., Klein Lankhorst R., Rose M., Hauf J., Koetter P., Berneiser S., Hempel S., Feldpausch M., Lamberth S., Van den Daele H., De Keyser A., Buysshaert C., Gielen J., Villarroel R., De Clercq R., van Montagu M., Rogers J., Cronin A., Quail M.A., Bray-Allen S., Clark L., Doggett J., Hall S., Kay M., Lennard N., McLay K., Mayes R., Pettett A., Rajandream M.A., Lyne M., Benes V., Rechmann S., Borkova D., Bloecker H., Scharfe M., Grimm M., Loehnert T.-H., Dose S., de Haan M., Maarse A.C., Schaefer M., Mueller-Auer S., Gabel C., Fuchs M., Fartmann B., Granderath K., Dauner D., Herzl A., Neumann S., Argiriou A., Vitale D., Liguori R., Piravandi E., Massenet O., Quigley F., Clabauld G., Muendlein A., Felber R., Schnabl S., Hiller R., Schmidt W., Lecharny A., Aubourg S., Chefdor F., Cooke R., Berger C., Monfort A., Casacuberta E., Gibbons T., Weber N., Vandenbol M., Bargues M., Terol J., Torres A., Perez-Perez A., Purnelle B., Bent E., Johnson S., Tacon D., Jesse T., Heijnen L., Schwarz S., Scholler P., Heber S., Francs P., Bielke C., Frishman D., Haase D., Lemcke K., Mewes H.-W., Stocker S., Zaccaria P., Bevan M., Wilson R.K., de la Bastide M., Habermann K., Parnell L., Dedhia N., Gnoj L., Schutz K., Huang E., Spiegel L., Sekhon M., Murray J., Sheet P., Cordes M., Abu-Threideh J., Stoneking T., Kalicki J., Graves T., Harmon G., Edwards J., Latreille P., Courtney L., Cloud J., Abbott A., Scott K., Johnson D., Minx P., Bentley D., Fulton B., Miller N., Greco T., Kemp K., Kramer J., Fulton L., Mardis E., Dante M., Pepin K., Hillier L.W., Nelson J., Spieth J., Ryan E., Andrews S., Geisel C., Layman D., Du H., Ali J., Berghoff A., Jones K., Drone K., Cotton M., Joshu C., Antonoiu B., Zidanic M., Strong C., Sun H., Lamar B., Yordan C., Ma P., Zhong J., Preston R., Vil D., Shekher M., Matero A., Shah R., Swaby I.K., O'Shaughnessy A., Rodriguez M., Hoffman J., Till S., Granat S., Shohdy N., Hasegawa A., Hameed A., Lodhi M., Johnson A., Chen E., Marra M.A., Martienssen R., McCombie W.R.
    Nature 402:769-777(1999) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  4. The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR)
    Submitted (APR-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: GENOME REANNOTATION.
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  5. "Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome."
    Yamada K., Lim J., Dale J.M., Chen H., Shinn P., Palm C.J., Southwick A.M., Wu H.C., Kim C.J., Nguyen M., Pham P.K., Cheuk R.F., Karlin-Newmann G., Liu S.X., Lam B., Sakano H., Wu T., Yu G.
    , Miranda M., Quach H.L., Tripp M., Chang C.H., Lee J.M., Toriumi M.J., Chan M.M., Tang C.C., Onodera C.S., Deng J.M., Akiyama K., Ansari Y., Arakawa T., Banh J., Banno F., Bowser L., Brooks S.Y., Carninci P., Chao Q., Choy N., Enju A., Goldsmith A.D., Gurjal M., Hansen N.F., Hayashizaki Y., Johnson-Hopson C., Hsuan V.W., Iida K., Karnes M., Khan S., Koesema E., Ishida J., Jiang P.X., Jones T., Kawai J., Kamiya A., Meyers C., Nakajima M., Narusaka M., Seki M., Sakurai T., Satou M., Tamse R., Vaysberg M., Wallender E.K., Wong C., Yamamura Y., Yuan S., Shinozaki K., Davis R.W., Theologis A., Ecker J.R.
    Science 302:842-846(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
    Strain: cv. Columbia.
  6. "Full-length cDNA from Arabidopsis thaliana."
    Brover V.V., Troukhan M.E., Alexandrov N.A., Lu Y.-P., Flavell R.B., Feldmann K.A.
    Submitted (MAR-2002) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA].
  7. "A comprehensive expression analysis of all members of a gene family encoding cell-wall enzymes allowed us to predict cis-regulatory regions involved in cell-wall construction in specific organs of Arabidopsis."
    Yokoyama R., Nishitani K.
    Plant Cell Physiol. 42:1025-1033(2001) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: INDUCTION.
  8. "The XTH family of enzymes involved in xyloglucan endotransglucosylation and endohydrolysis: current perspectives and a new unifying nomenclature."
    Rose J.K.C., Braam J., Fry S.C., Nishitani K.
    Plant Cell Physiol. 43:1421-1435(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NOMENCLATURE.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiXTH15_ARATH
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q38911
Secondary accession number(s): O23272
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2003
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: April 29, 2015
This is version 118 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.