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Q2PT36

- AICDA_BOVIN

UniProt

Q2PT36 - AICDA_BOVIN

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Protein

Single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminase

Gene

AICDA

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 4 out of 5- Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Single-stranded DNA-specific cytidine deaminase. Involved in somatic hypermutation, gene conversion, and class-switch recombination in B-lymphocytes. Required for several crucial steps of B-cell terminal differentiation necessary for efficient antibody responses. May also play a role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression by participating in DNA demethylation (By similarity).By similarity

Catalytic activityi

Cytosine in single-stranded DNA + H2O = uracil in single-stranded DNA + NH3.

Cofactori

Zn2+By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Metal bindingi56 – 561Zinc; catalyticBy similarity
Active sitei58 – 581Proton donorBy similarity
Metal bindingi87 – 871Zinc; catalyticBy similarity
Metal bindingi90 – 901Zinc; catalyticBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. cytidine deaminase activity Source: UniProtKB
  2. zinc ion binding Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

  1. cytidine deamination Source: UniProtKB
  2. DNA demethylation Source: UniProtKB
  3. mRNA processing Source: UniProtKB-KW
  4. negative regulation of methylation-dependent chromatin silencing Source: UniProtKB
  5. somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Hydrolase

Keywords - Biological processi

mRNA processing

Keywords - Ligandi

Metal-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminase (EC:3.5.4.38)
Alternative name(s):
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase
Cytidine aminohydrolase
Gene namesi
Name:AICDA
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
ProteomesiUP000009136: Unplaced

Subcellular locationi

Nucleus By similarity. Cytoplasm By similarity
Note: Predominantly cytoplasmic but shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB
  2. nucleus Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 199199Single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminasePRO_0000232719Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei27 – 271Phosphothreonine; by PKABy similarity
Modified residuei38 – 381Phosphoserine; by PKABy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

Ser-38 is the major site whereas Thr-27 is the minor site of phosphorylation. Phosphorylation regulates its class-switch recombination activity (By similarity).By similarity
Probably monoubiquitinated on several residues by RNF126.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ2PT36.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in lymph nodes, spleen and thymus.1 Publication

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Interacts with CTNNBL1; the interaction is important for the immunoglobulin switch activity of AICDA. Interacts (via its NLS) with KPNA1. Interacts with PKA/PRKACA and PRKAR1A/PKR1. Interacts with SUPT6H, TRIM28 and NCL.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000025096.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ2PT36.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni1 – 3030Nuclear localization signalBy similarityAdd
BLAST
Regioni2 – 2625Interaction with SUPT6HBy similarityAdd
BLAST
Regioni39 – 424Important for interaction with CTNNBL1By similarity
Regioni88 – 11629Required for interaction with RNF126By similarityAdd
BLAST
Regioni184 – 19916Nuclear export signalBy similarityAdd
BLAST

Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiNOG39659.
HOGENOMiHOG000033754.
HOVERGENiHBG050434.
InParanoidiQ2PT36.
KOiK10989.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR016192. APOBEC/CMP_deaminase_Zn-bd.
IPR013158. APOBEC_N.
IPR016193. Cytidine_deaminase-like.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF08210. APOBEC_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF53927. SSF53927. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00903. CYT_DCMP_DEAMINASES. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2PT36-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MDSLLKKQRQ FLYQFKNVRW AKGRHETYLC YVVKRRDSPT SFSLDFGHLR
60 70 80 90 100
NKAGCHVELL FLRYISDWDL DPGRCYRVTW FTSWSPCYDC ARHVADFLRG
110 120 130 140 150
YPNLSLRIFT ARLYFCDKER KAEPEGLRRL HRAGVQIAIM TFKDYFYCWN
160 170 180 190
TFVENHERTF KAWEGLHENS VRLSRQLRRI LLPLYEVDDL RDAFRTLGL
Length:199
Mass (Da):24,052
Last modified:January 24, 2006 - v1
Checksum:i448413C29E2A98D2
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ303466 mRNA. Translation: ABC46408.1.
RefSeqiNP_001033771.1. NM_001038682.1.
UniGeneiBt.56893.

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi539888.
KEGGibta:539888.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ303466 mRNA. Translation: ABC46408.1 .
RefSeqi NP_001033771.1. NM_001038682.1.
UniGenei Bt.56893.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortali Q2PT36.
ModBasei Search...
MobiDBi Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi 9913.ENSBTAP00000025096.

Proteomic databases

PRIDEi Q2PT36.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi 539888.
KEGGi bta:539888.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi 57379.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGi NOG39659.
HOGENOMi HOG000033754.
HOVERGENi HBG050434.
InParanoidi Q2PT36.
KOi K10989.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi 20878282.

Family and domain databases

InterProi IPR016192. APOBEC/CMP_deaminase_Zn-bd.
IPR013158. APOBEC_N.
IPR016193. Cytidine_deaminase-like.
[Graphical view ]
Pfami PF08210. APOBEC_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
SUPFAMi SSF53927. SSF53927. 1 hit.
PROSITEi PS00903. CYT_DCMP_DEAMINASES. 1 hit.
[Graphical view ]
ProtoNeti Search...

Publicationsi

  1. "Cloning and expression of activation induced cytidine deaminase from Bos taurus."
    Verma S., Goldammer T., Aitken R.
    Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 134:151-159(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA], TISSUE SPECIFICITY.
    Tissue: Spleen.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiAICDA_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2PT36
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 18, 2006
Last sequence update: January 24, 2006
Last modified: November 26, 2014
This is version 54 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3