Skip Header

You are using a version of Internet Explorer that may not display all features of this website. Please upgrade to a modern browser.
Contribute Send feedback
Read comments (?) or add your own

Q2NZW3 (HEM1_XANOM) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified May 14, 2014. Version 67. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (2) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Glutamyl-tRNA reductase

Short name=GluTR
EC=1.2.1.70
Gene names
Name:hemA
Ordered Locus Names:XOO3409
OrganismXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (strain MAFF 311018) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier342109 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaXanthomonadalesXanthomonadaceaeXanthomonas

Protein attributes

Sequence length432 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) to glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Catalytic activity

L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNA(Glu) = L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + NADPH. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Pathway

Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis; 5-aminolevulinate from L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu): step 1/2. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Subunit structure

Homodimer By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Domain

Possesses an unusual extended V-shaped dimeric structure with each monomer consisting of three distinct domains arranged along a curved 'spinal' alpha-helix. The N-terminal catalytic domain specifically recognizes the glutamate moiety of the substrate. The second domain is the NADPH-binding domain, and the third C-terminal domain is responsible for dimerization By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00087

Miscellaneous

During catalysis, the active site Cys acts as a nucleophile attacking the alpha-carbonyl group of tRNA-bound glutamate with the formation of a thioester intermediate between enzyme and glutamate, and the concomitant release of tRNA(Glu). The thioester intermediate is finally reduced by direct hydride transfer from NADPH, to form the product GSA By similarity.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the glutamyl-tRNA reductase family.

Ontologies

Keywords
   Biological processPorphyrin biosynthesis
   LigandNADP
   Molecular functionOxidoreductase
   Technical termComplete proteome
Gene Ontology (GO)
   Biological_processprotoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway

   Molecular_functionNADP binding

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: InterPro

glutamyl-tRNA reductase activity

Inferred from electronic annotation. Source: UniProtKB-HAMAP

Complete GO annotation...

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 432432Glutamyl-tRNA reductase HAMAP-Rule MF_00087
PRO_1000004725

Regions

Nucleotide binding181 – 1866NADP By similarity
Region49 – 524Substrate binding By similarity
Region106 – 1083Substrate binding By similarity

Sites

Active site501Nucleophile By similarity
Binding site1011Substrate By similarity
Binding site1121Substrate By similarity
Site911Important for activity By similarity

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
Q2NZW3 [UniParc].

Last modified February 7, 2006. Version 1.
Checksum: 4DF4626C881A5C11

FASTA43247,441
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MTLWVLGLNH QTAPVDLRER AAFAGDALPR ALESLRALPQ VSEAALLSTC NRTELYAMAD 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
EARSLVNWLE THAPGLSGYL YQHQEAEAVR HLFRVATGLD SMVLGEPQIL GQVKDAWAVA 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
RAHGALGSGL DRLFQQTFSV AKRARTDTRV GANPVSVAST AVRLAQESFA RLNESTVLLI 

       190        200        210        220        230        240 
GAGETIELAA KHLSESRVRR LLIANRTLAH AQTLASQHGG YALPLTDLER HLAEADVVFS 

       250        260        270        280        290        300 
ATAAREPLVT RVQVEQALRA RKRKPMLLFD LAVPRDIEAS VDELSDAYLY TVDDLERAVE 

       310        320        330        340        350        360 
DNRRGRREAA DQAEAIIDLQ VARYVETLQA TTRQAPLKRL RAFGDSTRDE LLAKARQQLH 

       370        380        390        400        410        420 
NGKPTDEVLE QLAHALTNRL LHPPTAALRD AALNNDLELT TAADRLFPEK PGYQHPPIAT 

       430 
PIVRTDDADP AP 

« Hide

References

[1]"Genome sequence of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae suggests contribution of large numbers of effector genes and insertion sequences to its race diversity."
Ochiai H., Inoue Y., Takeya M., Sasaki A., Kaku H.
Jpn. Agric. Res. Q. 39:275-287(2005)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: MAFF 311018.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
AP008229 Genomic DNA. Translation: BAE70164.1.
RefSeqYP_452438.1. NC_007705.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortalQ2NZW3.
ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING342109.XOO_3409.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaBAE70164; BAE70164; BAE70164.
GeneID3859551.
KEGGxom:XOO_3409.
PATRIC24116979. VBIXanOry49434_3888.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0373.
HOGENOMHOG000217394.
KOK02492.
OMALAHKLTN.
OrthoDBEOG6MWNBM.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycXORY342109:GIX9-3466-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00251; UER00316.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00087. Glu_tRNA_reductase.
InterProIPR000343. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase.
IPR015896. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_dimer.
IPR015895. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_N.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR018214. Pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase_CS.
IPR006151. Shikm_DH/Glu-tRNA_Rdtase.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00745. GlutR_dimer. 1 hit.
PF05201. GlutR_N. 1 hit.
PF01488. Shikimate_DH. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFPIRSF000445. 4pyrrol_synth_GluRdtase. 1 hit.
SUPFAMSSF69075. SSF69075. 1 hit.
SSF69742. SSF69742. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR01035. hemA. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS00747. GLUTR. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry nameHEM1_XANOM
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2NZW3
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 15, 2008
Last sequence update: February 7, 2006
Last modified: May 14, 2014
This is version 67 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways