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Protein

Siroheme synthase

Gene

cysG

Organism
Bordetella avium (strain 197N)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the SAM-dependent methylations of uroporphyrinogen III at position C-2 and C-7 to form precorrin-2 via precorrin-1. Then it catalyzes the NAD-dependent ring dehydrogenation of precorrin-2 to yield sirohydrochlorin. Finally, it catalyzes the ferrochelation of sirohydrochlorin to yield siroheme.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrinogen III = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Precorrin-2 + NAD+ = sirohydrochlorin + NADH.UniRule annotation
Siroheme + 2 H+ = sirohydrochlorin + Fe2+.UniRule annotation

Pathwayi: adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III, the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2, the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: siroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Pathwayi: siroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes siroheme from sirohydrochlorin.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes siroheme from sirohydrochlorin, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Pathwayi: siroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei225S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Active sitei248Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
Active sitei270Proton donorUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei307S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei384S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei413S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi22 – 23NADUniRule annotation2
Nucleotide bindingi43 – 44NADUniRule annotation2

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase, Methyltransferase, Multifunctional enzyme, Oxidoreductase, Transferase
Biological processCobalamin biosynthesis, Porphyrin biosynthesis
LigandNAD, S-adenosyl-L-methionine

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciBAVI360910:G1GJZ-867-MONOMER
UniPathwayiUPA00148; UER00211
UPA00148; UER00222
UPA00262; UER00211
UPA00262; UER00222
UPA00262; UER00376

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Siroheme synthaseUniRule annotation
Including the following 3 domains:
Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.1.1.107UniRule annotation)
Short name:
Urogen III methylaseUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
SUMTUniRule annotation
Uroporphyrinogen III methylaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
UROMUniRule annotation
Precorrin-2 dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.3.1.76UniRule annotation)
Sirohydrochlorin ferrochelataseUniRule annotation (EC:4.99.1.4UniRule annotation)
Gene namesi
Name:cysGUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:BAV0848
OrganismiBordetella avium (strain 197N)
Taxonomic identifieri360910 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaBetaproteobacteriaBurkholderialesAlcaligenaceaeBordetella
Proteomesi

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00003304961 – 461Siroheme synthaseAdd BLAST461

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei128PhosphoserineUniRule annotation1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi360910.BAV0848

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ2KWB0
SMRiQ2KWB0
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni1 – 203precorrin-2 dehydrogenase / sirohydrochlorin ferrochelataseUniRule annotationAdd BLAST203
Regioni216 – 461Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferaseUniRule annotationAdd BLAST246
Regioni302 – 304S-adenosyl-L-methionine bindingUniRule annotation3
Regioni332 – 333S-adenosyl-L-methionine bindingUniRule annotation2

Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the precorrin-2 dehydrogenase / sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase family.UniRule annotation
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the precorrin methyltransferase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CB8 Bacteria
COG0007 LUCA
COG1648 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000290518
KOiK02302

Family and domain databases

CDDicd11642 SUMT, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.30.950.10, 1 hit
3.40.1010.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01646 Siroheme_synth, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000878 4pyrrol_Mease
IPR035996 4pyrrol_Methylase_sf
IPR014777 4pyrrole_Mease_sub1
IPR014776 4pyrrole_Mease_sub2
IPR006366 CobA/CysG_C
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR012409 Sirohaem_synth
IPR028281 Sirohaem_synthase_central
IPR019478 Sirohaem_synthase_dimer_dom
IPR006367 Sirohaem_synthase_N
IPR003043 Uropor_MeTrfase_CS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10414 CysG_dimeriser, 1 hit
PF14824 Sirohm_synth_M, 1 hit
PF00590 TP_methylase, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036426 Sirohaem_synth, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF53790 SSF53790, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01469 cobA_cysG_Cterm, 1 hit
TIGR01470 cysG_Nterm, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00839 SUMT_1, 1 hit
PS00840 SUMT_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2KWB0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MKLFPIFSDI KGRCVLVVGG GAVATRKAQA LLEAGAAVSV GAPTLTPELA
60 70 80 90 100
RLAQGQTITH LQGEFDADWL KDAWLIIAAT DDRTVNTRVY EAACARRQFC
110 120 130 140 150
NVVDDPALSS FQVPSIVDRS PLIVAISSSG LAPVLARRLR ERLESLFDHS
160 170 180 190 200
LGALAELAAR YRPAIRAARA DLKERRRFYD WLLDGPVAAA LRRAQPQQAQ
210 220 230 240 250
EALDEALARP ALSQDGRVVL VGAGPGDPGL LTLKGLRALN EADVILHDRL
260 270 280 290 300
VSAEVLALAR RDAERITVGK RLGENHNATQ ARIHELMVEH ARAGRRVVRL
310 320 330 340 350
KGGDAFIFGR GGEELEHLRA HGVDYEVVPG ITAALACAAY AGIPLTHRDY
360 370 380 390 400
AQSVHLVTAH CRADEEALDW DGLARGQQTL AFYMGVGQLD ILSARLVAHG
410 420 430 440 450
RPGSTPFALI ENGSRPSQRV VMGRLSQLAE RAREQAVASP ALLIVGEVAA
460
LADRLAWFGK P
Length:461
Mass (Da):49,690
Last modified:April 29, 2008 - v2
Checksum:i75798D4607AAB25E
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAJ48459 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally shortened.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AM167904 Genomic DNA Translation: CAJ48459.1 Different initiation.
RefSeqiWP_039051507.1, NC_010645.1

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAJ48459; CAJ48459; BAV0848
KEGGibav:BAV0848

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCYSG_BORA1
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2KWB0
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 29, 2008
Last sequence update: April 29, 2008
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 82 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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